Updated on 12 June 2023
Nearly 20% of pregnant women globally experience vaginal bleeding in the initial eight weeks of pregnancy. An early diagnosis of the bleeding with treatment is necessary for the good health of the mother and the child. In this article, we will explore the causes of bleeding during pregnancy 8 weeks and discuss when it is necessary to see a doctor.
There are various possible causes for bleeding or spotting at 8 weeks pregnant:
A chorion is a membrane surrounding the embryo that eventually forms the placenta. Bleeding may take place between the chorion and the wall of the uterus. This leads to severe abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding.
During pregnancy, blood flow to the cervix is high. A Pap test during pregnancy can cause contact with the cervix and trigger breakthrough bleeding in 8-week pregnant women.
In molar pregnancy, abnormal tissues grow in the uterus instead of the formation of normal tissues inside the fetus. This tissue can sometimes become cancerous and spread. This condition is also called gestational trophoblastic disease. Its symptoms include brown discharge during pregnancy 8 weeks along with nausea and vomiting.
Miscarriage is one of the biggest causes of bleeding during pregnancy 8 weeks. Early diagnosis can be made using ultrasound. The risk of miscarriage drops significantly if the doctor can detect the baby's heartbeat.
Sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia, gonorrhea, or vaginal or cervical infections can also result in bleeding at 8 weeks in pregnant women.
In some cases, the zygote develops into the fallopian tube rather than the uterus. This abnormal development might burst the fallopian tube, resulting in life-threatening conditions for the mother. Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy are vaginal bleeding and intense cramps in the abdomen.
Gynecologists will suggest tests to determine the reason for vaginal bleeding at 8 weeks of pregnancy.
The doctor may conduct a physical examination of the vagina to understand the cause of bleeding.
The doctor may also conduct an ultrasound scan to examine the vagina and the size of the baby. A doppler scan can help measure the heart rate of the baby.
It tests the concentration of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). A high concentration of hCG indicates multiple pregnancies or molar pregnancies. Low levels of hCG indicate a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.
8-week pregnant women must visit a doctor if they observe any of the following symptoms:
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Women must take the following steps and measures after observing bleeding at 8 weeks of pregnancy.
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Doctors observe for signs of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. The doctor might suggest medication to stop the bleeding or remove tissues from the uterus. A surgical procedure may be advised to remove excess tissue.
Infections of the vagina or cervix, hemorrhoids, and cancer can result in breakthrough bleeding in 8-week pregnant women.
Pregnant women must constantly consume iron and vitamin supplements prescribed by doctors to provide nutrition to the growing fetus. To avoid risks of bleeding, they must avoid strenuous activities and exercise regularly. They must also include a fibrous diet and leafy vegetables in their diet to avoid constipation and get relief.
Cervical polyp, or a non-cancerous growth on the cervix, increases the estrogen levels in females and results in bleeding during pregnancy.
8-week pregnant women must contact their doctor immediately if they observe heavy bleeding, unusual white discharge with tissues, or brown discharge. Usually, bleeding during pregnancy 8 weeks is not harmful, but excessive bleeding might be a sign of ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage.
1. Vardhan S, Bhattacharyya TK, Kochar S, Sodhi B. (2007). Bleeding in Early Pregnancy. NCBI
2. E.W. Harville, A.J. Wilcox, D.D. Baird, C.R. Weinberg. (2003). Vaginal bleeding in very early pregnancy. Human Reproduction
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