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    Bleeding Gums

    Pregnancy Gingivitis, how do hormones affect your gums? 

    Written on 16 July 2019

    Expert Verified

    Kusum Sabharwal

    Obstetrician & Gynecologist - MBBS| DGO

    Why and how pregnant women get exposed to the risk of Gingivitis?

    Motherhood is a diverse bundle of mixed handouts, it fills your heart with joy, at the same time it also exposes you to few difficulties. Gingivitis is one of them.

    Why me?

    You are not alone in this. Almost 60-70% of pregnant women experience Gingivitis, the inflammation of gums and plaque build-up during their pregnancy. It usually starts with week 5 and peaks up during the third trimester. The increased levels of progesterone hormone in pregnancy cause greater secretion of bacteria in the mouth. The advanced stage of Gingivitis is Periodontitis that can spread down to the bone only to harm you even more.

    Wake up time!!

    If you notice a considerable amount of blood or pain during brushing or flossing your teeth, read the red sign, it may be Gingivitis. Other signals are to have tender, swollen, or puffy gums with bad breath which can further lead to tooth decay.

    How to shoo away the stinky monster

    1. This is the way you brush your teeth: Practice good oral hygiene and brush thoroughly at least twice a day by spending good 3-4 minutes. Make sure to use an anti-plaque toothpaste to help protect your teeth from decay and gingivitis. Rinse carefully to access hard-to-reach places too. Floss at least once to avoid bacteria or trapped food build-up.

    1. Healthy food equals to problem-free teeth: Over time, sugars and starches present in soft drinks and candies, etc. attack your teeth and gums. Choosing water over canned juices or milk over sodas will save you from other over-all health issues. A wide variety of fruits, veggies, whole-grains, and dairy products is advisable.

    1. Swish the salt: Adding a sea salt gargle to your routine will not cost you much time or energy. Once you notice even minor swelling or bleeding while brushing you may quickly dilute 1 tablespoon of salt into 1 cup of lukewarm water. Take in big gulps of the mixture and swirl around then spit out to heal the inflammation.

    1. Stay connected: Visit your dentist regularly even while pregnant, they can spot and root out the small problems before they start haunting you.

    By being a little cautious from the beginning you may mark yourself safe from this extra trouble when you already have a lot to take care of. Happy brushing!

    Is this helpful?



    Verified Article by

    Kusum Sabharwal

    Obstetrician & Gynecologist - MBBS| DGO
    Written by



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