Written on 14 June 2022
Although it may seem strange, your first week of pregnancy is determined by the date of your last menstrual period. Even if you weren't pregnant at the time, your last menstrual cycle is considered week 1 of pregnancy.
From weeks 1 to 4, nothing changes at the cellular level. The fertilised egg produces a blastocyst (a fluid-filled collection of cells) that develops into the organs and body parts of the baby.
The blastocyst will implant in the endometrium, the uterine lining, around 10 to 14 days (week 4) following fertilisation. This may result in implantation bleeding, which might be misinterpreted as a light period. It does not happen to everyone. If it does happen, it generally happens around the time you anticipate your period to start.
Each episode may be pink, red, or brown in hue.
Implantation bleeding is often considerably less severe than your regular menstruation. It's often characterised as mild bleeding that never becomes a flow or necessitates the use of a tampon.
The discomfort is generally less severe than regular menstrual cramps. It might cause cramps. It might be mild, moderate, or severe, although it is usually modest.
Implantation bleeding usually lasts less than three days and does not need therapy. It may sometimes just last a few hours.
Thus, for most women, the pregnancy symptoms do not start until week four. But as every woman is unique a few might experience some early pregnancy symptoms before missed period.
Breasts get larger, swollen, and sensitive during pregnancy. These changes are similar to what you may have observed in the days leading up to your period. The skin surrounding the nipple darkens and the veins in the breast become more visible during pregnancy and may happen even before a missed period.
"Morning sickness is one of the basic symptoms of pregnancy." "There may be nausea with or without vomiting," Dr Priti says. "It normally begins after a month of pregnancy, however, women may feel this indication even before they miss a period."
Early pregnancy is characterised by excessive fatigue. This is most likely due to a significant rise in the sex hormone progesterone. Progesterone is required to keep the pregnancy going and the baby growing, but it also lowers your metabolism.
Cravings for certain foods are frequent during pregnancy, particularly for meals high in energy and calcium, such as milk and other dairy products. You may also develop a sudden dislike for things you used to like. Some women acquire a strange taste for non-food substances like mud or paper. This is known as 'pica,' and it might suggest a vitamin shortage. If this persists, please see your doctor.
During the first few weeks after conceiving, women may feel heartburn or trouble moving their bowels. Rising hormone levels slow down your digestive system, resulting in digestive problems.
Early pregnancy symptom includes mood changes. Some women suffer mood swings such as irritation. Other pregnant women report emotions of joy. Pregnancy hormones are known to alter chemicals in the brain, producing mood changes.
An increase in vaginal discharge is a typical pregnancy symptom. It might be caused by an infection if it is accompanied by irritation, discomfort, a foul odour, or pain while passing urine. Seek medical attention from your doctor.
These early symptoms of pregnancy before missed period might not occur in every women. Moreover, these symptoms might be caused by other conditions also and do not definitely indicate that you are pregnant; thus, wait until the day after the missed period, take a pregnancy test after that and consult your doctor.
If the pregnancy test is positive then precautions must be taken right from day 1 to ensure a healthy pregnancy cycle. Medicines and supplements should be taken under the prescription of a doctor. One should avoid alcohol and caffeine and refrain from smoking.
The first week to the last day is a gruesome journey that tests a mother's patience and tolerance that finally yields the birth of a lifeform, a beautiful biological phenomenon involving multiple-stage transformations from a very basic embryo to a foetus.
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