Illnesses & Infections
Updated on 9 March 2023
Malaria, a mosquito-borne parasitic infection, is a major health concern around the world. It can also be dangerous for pregnant women and their unborn babies. Malaria in pregnancy can lead to severe complications and even death.
More than one hundred twenty-five million pregnant women are at risk of contracting malaria yearly. Malaria is a leading cause of anaemia, preterm delivery, low birth weight, and infant mortality. It can also cause serious health problems for the mother, including seizures and kidney failure.
Here we will learn about the causes of malaria in pregnancy, its effects, and treatment malaria in pregnancy.
Malaria pregnancy is a type of malaria infection that occurs during pregnancy. Malarial infection poses a far greater risk of severe disease for pregnant women. Pregnant women are three times more likely to be affected than other individuals. The WHO estimates that about 200,000 babies die every year from malaria during pregnancy.
This infection is caused by the female Anopheles mosquito, which carries the Plasmodium parasite. The condition can be dangerous for the mother and her unborn child, causing severe health problems.
Malaria is divided into two types: Severe and uncomplicated. A blood test is necessary to diagnose malaria in pregnancy. Treatment should begin immediately if the infection is confirmed.
Uncomplicated malaria is diagnosed through a blood test and physical examination of the patient. Blood tests can detect the presence of parasites. The cause of the infection is determined by analyzing the mother's medical history and doing a physical examination.
Similarly, a blood test and physical examination are needed to diagnose severe malaria. The general cause of Severe malaria is P falciparum infection, which is more likely to be fatal. The symptoms of Severe malaria include fever, chills, headaches, and weakness. Doctors diagnose severe cases through laboratory tests and physical examinations.
Other illnesses also cause similar symptoms to complicate malaria diagnosis in pregnancy, such as typhoid, dengue, and leptospirosis. It is essential to seek medical attention if pregnant women have any symptoms.
The effects of malaria in pregnancy can be severe for both the mother and baby. Following are some of the complications of malaria in pregnant women.
Malaria-related anaemia is one of the most serious problems for pregnant women, as it can lead to severe health issues or even demise.
Malaria infection increases the risk of premature delivery, which can lead to several other medical issues in newborns.
Babies born to mothers infected with malaria are more likely to be born with low birth weight, putting them at higher risk of health complications.
Malaria infection in pregnant women can also lead to miscarriage or fetal death.
In rare cases, the infection may be passed from mother to baby, leading to congenital malaria, which can cause severe health problems in newborns.
The causes of malaria in pregnant women are similar to those of any other person. They include:
Mosquitoes carrying the malaria parasite can transmit the infection to humans through their bites.
Travelling to areas where malaria is common puts you at risk of disease.
Transfusions of contaminated blood or blood products can also cause malaria.
By carelessly sharing needles to administer drugs: Sharing needles to inject drugs can also put a person at risk of malaria.
Malaria in pregnancy treatment should be started as early as possible. WHO recommends antimalarial drugs to prevent and treat malaria in pregnant women. Below are the malaria pregnancy treatment options:
Combination of quinine and clindamycin: For treating uncomplicated malaria in pregnancy, the WHO recommends a combination of quinine and clindamycin.
Intravenous (IV) quinine or artesunate: The WHO recommends IV quinine or artesunate for severe malaria in pregnant women.
In addition, It is also crucial for malaria pregnancy treatment to include measures to prevent further infections. Pregnant malaria treatment and diagnosis can help to prevent severe illness and complications.
The best way to prevent malaria in pregnancy is through prevention measures. This includes:
Using insect repellent: Use an insect repellent containing DEET or picaridin to keep mosquitoes away.
Bed nets: Use a bed net to protect from mosquito bites while sleeping.
Clean environment: Eliminate standing water near the home to reduce mosquito breeding.
Regular check-ups: Have regular check-ups with the doctor during pregnancy to monitor for any signs of malaria.
Preventive measures will help reduce the risk of malaria in pregnancy and ensure a healthy pregnancy. The WHO (World Health Organization) recommends that pregnant women living in areas with a high risk of malaria should be offered intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) during their first and second trimesters.
Read from 5000+ Articles, topics, verified by MYLO.
What is the common cause of food aversions during the pregnancy period and ways to manage it?
Till what age do babies typically start talking?
Are you Concerned about rectal bleeding in your pregnancy? Here're some relief tips for you!
Diagnosis and Treatment of Vaginal infections during pregnancy to prevent any complications
Popcorn During Pregnancy Benefits & Risks
Peanuts During Pregnancy Is it Safe or Not
100% Secure Payment Using
Stay safe | Secure Checkout | Safe delivery
Have any Queries or Concerns?
At Mylo, we help young parents raise happy and healthy families with our innovative new-age solutions:
By Ingredient | Apple Cider Vinegar | Skin - Bath & Body | By Concern | Body Moisturizer | Brightening | Tan Removal | By Ingredient | Skin - Hygiene | By Concern | UTIs & Infections | Diapers & Wipes | Disposable Diapers | Baby Wipes | Cloth Diapers | Diapers & Wipes - Baby Care | Hair | Skin | Bath & Body | Diapers & Wipes - Baby Wellness | Maternity dresses | Stretch Marks Kit | Stroller |