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    Second Trimester

    How safely can you have sex with your partner during the second trimester of your pregnancy? 

    Written on 14 August 2018

    Expert Verified

    Dr. Vani Puri

    Obstetrician- Gynecologist, Infertility Specialist - MBBS| DGO, DNB

    For some women, it’s really hard to deal with nausea and morning sickness, and for some craving for sex increases during pregnancy. Similarly, some men find pregnant women quite sexier, and for others, hesitation is there, and they might get afraid not to harm the baby just to enjoy sex with their partner. If you are wondering whether sex during first 3 months of pregnancy is safe or not, then, be assured that as per the experts, sex is safe and should be encouraged, especially in the second trimester of pregnancy. For some women, excitement for the babymoon also begins when they notice those tiny pink lines on the pregnancy test. The second trimester is no doubt perfect for your staycation or a babymoon, but in any case, you must take permission from your doctor even if you want to try some different positions of sex with your partner. If you have a healthy pregnancy with no complications, no one will stop you from getting intimate with your partner. You may observe that all the symptoms of the first trimester like nausea, fatigue, and morning sickness have vanished, and your sex drive is increasing, and this is because of the below-mentioned reasons:

    • Hormonal fluctuations- When the level of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) gradually decreases in the body of a pregnant woman; then it slowly starts balancing other hormones like estrogen and progesterone. As a result, it will increase the sex drive in a woman and make her feel more energetic.

    • Increased libido- The increase in libido happens when the blood flow in the genitals of a pregnant woman increases, making the vagina more lubricated and hypersensitive. That's a plus point for the couple to have a more pleasurable sexual activity.

    If your partner is also worried about whether during pregnancy sex is good or bad, you must convince your partner that nothing can harm the fetus as your baby is well protected in the amniotic sac. After consulting with your gynecologist, you can explain to your partner that there are no adverse effects of having sex during the second trimester of your pregnancy. You must avoid having sex during the second trimester in the below-mentioned cases:

    • If you've had a previous miscarriage, having sex while pregnant could raise your chances of having another one.

    • Sex can increase the risk of further bleeding if you've had significant bleeding, especially if the placenta is lower than usual.

    • An infection will be more likely if you've had amniotic fluid leaks.

    • Sex should be avoided if you have placenta previa. In this case, the placenta grows in the uterus' lower portion and covers the cervix entirely or partially.

    • Premature labor and miscarriage can occur if you have an incompetent cervix, which means your cervix dilates too quickly.

    • It is possible that an infection in the uterus is to blame if you detect bleeding or a foul-smelling discharge following intercourse.

    • In the second trimester of pregnancy, if you are experiencing pain during intercourse, it is best to stop.

    • Because of the preceding conditions, your doctor is likely to tell you to avoid sex during the second trimester of your pregnancy.

    During the Third Trimester of Pregnancy, Can Sex Hurt You or Your Unborn Child?

    The amniotic fluid, which shields the fetus from the outside world, keeps it secure in the mother's womb. Fetal shock and other problems can be prevented by this method. During sex, the infant is not aware of any discomfort or pressure. Having sex in the second trimester of pregnancy is completely safe for you and your unborn child. So, suppose you're still pondering and stressing yourself over can we do sex in pregnancy. In that case, you can now relax as even the doctors recommend sex but only under the conditions mentioned earlier.

    Sexual and Cervical Incompetence

    Women with an incompetent cervix, also known as cervical insufficiency, are usually not advised to have intercourse while pregnant. Premature dilation of the cervical canal is caused by weak cervical tissue. In order for the baby to be born, the cervix dilates or gradually opens up. When a woman has an incompetent cervix, the cervix dilates prematurely, leading to a miscarriage or early birth.

    Early dilation of the cervix caused by pressure on the cervix during any physical activity, especially sex, during pregnancy can lead to premature labor and a pre-term baby or to the loss of pregnancy. You should avoid sex during pregnancy if you've been diagnosed with an incompetent or weakened cervix. However, your doctor can do a check-up and provide you with the best advice based on your specific medical condition. Good news! You can resume regular sex after your pregnancy.

    Your baby is not a silent observer, so don’t be hesitant as they are safe and protected from all the shocks and other injuries. To enjoy every bit of this phase, you must get involved in some secure sex positions, for instance-

    • Women on top

    Women can easily control the penetration, there will be no pressure on the stomach, and it is one of the most comfortable sex positions.

    • Reverse spooning

    You can lie on your side, and your partner can insert the penis from behind. You can enjoy shallow penetration in this position.

    • Penetration from behind

    A woman can simply kneel by taking arm support like that can keep the pressure away from her baby bump.

    • Oral Sex

    You can also try oral sex where your partner is on top (as long as your spouse isn't too heavy), and then there is mutual masturbation.

    If you're unsure whether or not anal sex during first 3 months of pregnancy is safe or not, keep in mind that there are a few things to keep in mind in order to avoid infection. In order to prevent the spread of bacteria, your partner should shower before going from the back door to the front door. You should avoid positions that place weight on your stomach or have you lying on your back for long periods now that your bump is getting bigger.

    Try to avoid missionary positions and minimize deeper penetrations. If you don’t have any complications, you shouldn’t miss this honeymoon period of your pregnancy.

    Is Oral Sex Safe During The Second Trimester Of Pregnancy?

    Yes, oral sex while pregnant is safe. To avoid a potentially life-threatening situation, you should ensure that your spouse doesn't forcefully blow air into your vagina while having oral sex.

    If you're the one doing the giving and not the receiving, there are no safeguards. In case you were curious, yes, it is safe to swallow semen when pregnant.

    How Common Is A Cramp During Or Following An Orgasm?

    There is nothing to worry about if you experience some cramping during your climax. During pregnancy, the flow of blood to the pelvic area increases, which, combined with the typical congestion of the sexual organs and the regular contractions of the uterus after sex, results in a mild kind of pain. Intercourse can cause up to half an hour of uterine contractions.

    Post-passion pain can be exacerbated by anxiety. Are you concerned that having sex could harm your unborn child? Your muscles may stiffen up as a result of that stress. It's okay to have sex during these nine months unless your OB specifically tells you otherwise.

    Deep breathing can assist in alleviating post-coital cramping by calming the mind and body. Why not give your sweetheart a relaxing massage on the lower back with only a few taps of your fingers? Your muscles will feel less tense and more pleasurable as a result.

    Conclusion

    Pregnancy is a beautiful phase because you have a life growing inside of you, and you feel every bit responsible for your child's well-being. However, your relationship with your partner is essential, too, and one of the ways of maintaining the spice in a relationship is love-making. You definitely must have been through thoughts like "till which month sex is safe in pregnancy" and whether sex or thrusting will harm your unborn baby. Doctors recommend it, but it still depends from person to person. If your doctor says go for it, then you should go for it, and if your doctor says wait, well then, just wait!

    References

    • Lisa Lombardi .(August , 2021) .Pregnancy Sex Through the Trimesters
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    Verified Article by

    Dr. Vani Puri

    Obstetrician- Gynecologist, Infertility Specialist - MBBS| DGO, DNB
    Written by

    mittalikhurana

    mittalikhurana

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