Updated on 1 November 2022
Cancer is formed when changes called mutation occur in genes that regulate cell growth. The mutation allows the cells to divide and multiply in a very uncontrolled manner. Breast cancer is a type of cancer that develops in breast cells. It occurs either in the lobules or the ducts of the breast. Lobules are glands that are responsible for the production of milk and ducts are the paths through which milk passes from the glands to the nipples. Cancer can occur in the fatty tissue as well as fibrous connective tissue within the breast.
The following are the early signs or symptoms of breast cancer, identifying these symptoms can enable women to seek treatment as soon as possible:
Check for lumps by applying pressure on the breasts and surrounding tissues with your fingers. Lumps are usually formed around the armpit, collarbones, lymph nodes or nipples.
Rashless itchiness in and around your breast.
Swelling in the breasts along with patchy, burning skin that feels extremely sensitive to the touch or caress.
If you have pain or stiffness in the neck, back, spine or shoulder contact your doctor.
A breast tumour changes the size of the affected breast, so look out for any changes in the size of your breast.
A lump develops like a tiny seed-like structure along the breast tissue which may cause the breast to feel tender when you lie down.
If the breast cancer develops in the milk ducts it may lead to watery, milky or blood-tinged discharge.
In case abnormally sensitive nipples suddenly become void of sensitivity, the underlying cause may be breast tumours.
If you are not breastfeeding and your nipple becomes inverted, flat, indented, or asymmetrical in shape.
The skin over the breasts becomes red, dimpled, or even appears pitted or wrinkly similar to skin that covers an orange.
There are four types of breast cancer, which include both invasive and non-invasive:
In this, the cancer cells are confined to the ducts of your breast and haven't invaded the surrounding breast tissue.
It occurs in the milk-producing glands of your breasts. Cancer cells do not affect the surrounding tissue.
It begins in the breast's milk ducts and then spreads to nearby tissues in your breast. Later, it can begin to spread to other nearby tissue and organs.
This first develops in the breast's lobules and then spreads to nearby tissue or tissues.
Other less common types of breast cancer include:
1) Paget disease of the nipple
2) Phyllodes tumour
4) Inflammatory breast cancer
5) Triple-negative breast cancer
Breast cancer happens when abnormal cells in your breast divide and multiply. Research says that there are some risk factors which increase the chances of getting breast cancer. These risk factors are:
Being more than 55 increases your chances of getting breast cancer.
Most likely in women.
If your parents, siblings, children other close relatives have such a disease, then there are more chances of getting breast cancer.
Tobacco is the leading cause of many types of cancer, including breast cancer.
Consumption of alcohol can also increase the risk of getting breast cancer.
Obesity can increase the risk of breast cancer as well as breast cancer recurrence.
If you've had prior radiation therapy, especially in the head, neck or chest, you are more likely to get breast cancer.
People who use hormone replacement therapy are having more chances of being diagnosed with breast cancer.
Your doctor advises you a breast cancer treatment options based on cancer stage & grade, size, and type of breast cancer and also it is based on overall health & your preferences.
Treatment of breast cancer includes
i) Breast cancer surgery
ii) Radiation therapy
iv) Hormone therapy
v) Targeted therapy drugs
vii) Supportive (palliative) care
Be aware of all the facts related to breast cancer. Whenever you find any symptoms, talk to your doctor immediately. Timely check-ups, breast self-evaluation, or if you find out any lumps, immediately go for diagnosis. Women should start getting a yearly mammogram done from the age of 40 because early diagnosis and treatment can help in dealing with breast cancer.
You may also like https://mylofamily.com/article/breast-diseases-types-symptoms-diagnosis-179649.
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