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    Who Can Get IUI (Intra Uterine Insemination) Procedure?


    Who Can Get IUI (Intra Uterine Insemination) Procedure?

    Updated on 1 November 2022


    An Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI) procedure is a treatment that is used to help a woman conceive. An IUI is a relatively simple procedure that involves the insertion of sperm into the woman’s uterus through her cervix.

    As long as both partners are healthy and have no fertility issues, an IUI is a viable option for couples trying to conceive. However, certain factors can affect a person’s eligibility for IUI, so it is necessary to consult with a doctor about getting an IUI procedure done instead of other options such as an in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) procedure.

    Factors that can affect eligibility for IUI

    Here are some factors affecting eligibility for IUI:

    1. Age

    An IUI is generally not recommended for patients over 35 years of age. However, there is no maximum age restriction on eligibility, so a person may be able to undergo this procedure if within the guidelines set by their doctor.

    2. Fertility status

    If attempts at traditional infertility treatments such as ovulation induction have been unsuccessful, the doctor may recommend trying an IUI procedure as another option. But it is critical to discuss all the options – including IUI vs IVF – with the doctor before starting any treatment.

    3. Medical history

    If a person has certain medical conditions, their doctor may not recommend undergoing an IUI procedure due to the increased risk of complications. So it is important to consider all health issues and consult with a doctor before scheduling an appointment for an IUI treatment.

    Characteristics that can help improve chances of success during IUI

    Comprehensive fertility testing: One key factor in achieving successful pregnancies via IUI is ensuring both partners are healthy. In order to maximise the chances of success, it is important to undergo a comprehensive fertility testing, including tests for sex hormones, mitochondrial DNA, and chromosomal abnormalities.

    Good general health: Aside from being free of any underlying medical conditions, another key factor in achieving successful pregnancies via IUI is general good health. If both partners are healthy and have no prior history of complications during fertility treatments, the potential for successful outcomes increases significantly.

    Risks of IUI

    There are a few potential risks associated with an IUI, but they are relatively minor. The most common complication is recorded in older women undergoing the procedure, who may experience increased bleeding; this can be dealt with by using effective supplements and intravenous fluids. Other possible complications include:

    1. Difficulty getting pregnant:

    Although success rates for IUI procedures are generally quite high, if a patient does not get pregnant within six months, the doctor may recommend continuing to try IUI for other reasons, or recommend other treatments such as IVF. It is important for the patient to stay up-to-date on their fertility status and discuss any concerns with their doctor.

    2. Miscarriage:

    Although rare, miscarriage can occur during IUI treatment. If a patient experiences a miscarriage, it is imperative they talk to their doctor as soon as possible about what happened and why. There are a variety of potential causes for a miscarriage, so the doctor may be able to provide guidance on how to avoid this outcome in the future.

    What to expect during IUI procedure?

    There are a few key steps to be taken before undergoing an IUI. Firstly, the doctor will likely prescribe fertility medication to help promote ovulation and increase the likelihood of successful fertilisation. Once ovulation has occurred, the patient will be scheduled for the IUI procedure. During the IUI, sperm is delivered directly into the uterus, through the cervix, via a catheter – a thin, flexible tube.

    Eligibility for IUI

    Any woman who is not pregnant and has healthy ovaries can get an IUI procedure done. However, as her age increases, the success rate of the IUI procedure decreases.

    IUI success rates

    IUI success rates vary from 3% to 13% depending on the age of the woman. The conception rate decreases as the age of the woman increase due to increased chances of age-related issues with the woman’s eggs.

    How to prepare for IUI?

    Before a patient undergoes an IUI, it is important they ensure they are well-prepared. This includes taking the necessary steps to increase their chances of becoming pregnant, such as not using contraception and increasing their intake of folic acid. Also, they can clarify any concerns or questions they may have about the procedure with their doctor.


    If a man or woman is planning to seek fertility treatment, it is suggested they consult a fertility specialist to receive expert guidance. There is also an array of other options that can help increase a person’s chances of conception, such as lifestyle changes and medications. The most successful way to get the desired results is by trying different techniques and honing in on the one that works the best.


    1. Allahbadia GN. (2017) Intrauterine Insemination: Fundamentals Revisited.
    2. Ayeleke RO, Asseler JD, Cohlen BJ, Veltman-Verhulst SM. (2020). Intra-uterine insemination for unexplained subfertility.
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