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    Varicose Veins

    What are varicose veins and how to prevent them during your pregnancy? 

    Written on 14 August 2018

    Expert Verified

    Kusum Sabharwal

    Obstetrician & Gynecologist - MBBS| DGO

    What Causes Varicose Veins?

    Your legs are more likely to show signs of varicose veins. They are usually blue or purple and may feel immediately under the surface.

    There are no strong muscles in the veins. Therefore, they depend on one-way valves and leg muscles to transport blood back toward the heart. Blood might build up in the leg veins if the valves aren't functioning correctly. In addition, vascular walls swell as a result of the increasing pressure.

    If you haven't previously had a baby, varicose veins pregnancy may produce a wide range of physical changes. Varicose veins may develop as a result of some of these alterations. ii

    During pregnancy, the production of progesterone is enhanced. There are several benefits to using it, including a healthy pregnancy. Relaxed veins make blood flow more slowly. As the vein fills with blood, the pressure within the vein expands, causing the vein to grow in size.

    Pregnant women increase blood volume because of the increased demand for oxygen. As a result of increased blood in the circulatory system, the valves and walls of the veins are put under additional stress.

    Organs and blood arteries in the abdomen are being put under pressure by the uterus as the baby grows. Before returning to the heart, blood passes from the leg veins to the pelvis or lower abdomen veins. Because of the uterus's strain on these pelvic veins, blood cannot leave the body via the legs.

    Pregnant women are more prone to develop varicose veins because of the hormonal changes during pregnancy. To cure, you can take laser treatment for varicose veins.

    During pregnancy, are varicoceles serious?

    In the short term, varicose veins may itch or sting, but they are generally harmless. You may be able to postpone varicose veins treatment, if necessary, until after giving birth.

    People with varicose veins may also develop tiny blood clots at the skin's surface (superficial venous thrombosis). Clotted blood may cause a vein to become stiff and cord-like and the region surrounding it to become inflamed or even painful.

    If you suspect you have one of these clots, contact your doctor or midwife immediately. You may use warm compresses to treat them during pregnancy, and they usually go away in a few days or weeks. However, a clot's surrounding region might get contaminated from time to time. As a result, you may get a fever or chills and need immediate antibiotic varicose veins surgery.

    If you see any of the following:

    • Either limb swells up to a dangerous size.

    • Your leg becomes infected with sores.

    • The color of the skin around the veins changes.

    DVT is a more severe disorder in which a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs, generally in the lower legs. It may be life-threatening if the clot becomes irritated or travels to the lungs and becomes infected.

    When pregnant, DVT is more prevalent regardless of whether or not you have varicose veins: You have a 1 in 1,600 risk of getting it, whether you have it while pregnant or after giving birth. Pregnant women who are obese, have blood clotting issues, or are carrying multiples, and those on bed rest, are at greater risk.)

    The symptoms of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) may range from no signs to sudden, excruciating pain in the ankle, leg, and thigh. In addition, a slight temperature may accompany the pain, which may be worse while your foot is flexed or when you're standing. Call your doctor right away if you experience any of these signs to get the best treatment for varicose veins.

    Ultrasound imaging of the afflicted region may be required. In addition, you will require hospitalization and blood-thinning medication for everyone who has one of these blood clots.

    References

    • National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "Explore Varicose Veins." March , 2022
    • Mayo Clinic: "Varicose veins." May, 2022

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    Verified Article by

    Kusum Sabharwal

    Obstetrician & Gynecologist - MBBS| DGO
    Written by

    ishmeetkaur95

    ishmeetkaur95

    Read from 5000+ Articles, topics, verified by MYLO.

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