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      Vasectomy Reversal: Meaning and Risks

      Male Infertility

      Vasectomy Reversal: Meaning and Risks

      Updated on 3 November 2023

      What is a vasectomy reversal? Can a vasectomy be reversed? These are some of the most common questions men have when choosing vasectomy as a way of contraception. This blog discusses everything you need to know about vasectomy reversal, what to expect during the surgery and the risks associated with the surgery.

      What is a vasectomy reversal?

      A vasectomy is a permanent form of contraception that is done by cutting and sealing the vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the penis. A vasectomy reversal is a surgical procedure performed to reverse a vasectomy. The reversal surgery reconnects the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the semen. This allows sperm to once again mix with semen and be ejaculated.

      So to answer the question, are vasectomies reversible? Yes, they are; however, the success rate of a vasectomy reversal depends on several factors, including the time since the vasectomy was done, the type of vasectomy performed, and the surgeon's experience.

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      Why is it done?

      There are several reasons a man may opt for a vasectomy reversal. The most common reason is a change in circumstances, such as a new relationship or the desire to have more children. Other reasons include regret, a failed vasectomy, or the desire to donate sperm. Vasectomy reversal is also performed to treat testicular pain that can be caused by vasectomy in severe cases.

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      What are the risks?

      When it comes to deciding whether or not to have a vasectomy reversal, there are a lot of things to consider. One must consider the potential risks involved with the surgery. While a vasectomy reversal is a relatively safe procedure, there are still certain risks to be aware of. These include:

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      1. Bleeding

      There is a risk of minor bleeding during and after the surgery.

      2. Infection

      There is a small risk of infection at the site of the incision.

      3. Swelling

      There may be some swelling around the scrotum and testicles after the surgery.

      4. Sperm Granulomas

      Sperm granulomas are small lumps that can form at the site of the vasectomy. They are usually not painful and do not require treatment.

      5. Pain

      There may be some pain and discomfort in the scrotum and testicles after the surgery. Pain medications can help relieve this.

      6. Injury to other organs

      There is a small risk of injury to the bladder, urethra, or other organs during the surgery.

      In rare cases, there can also be complications with anaesthesia. Talk to the doctor before to learn about the risks and complications of this procedure.

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      How do you get ready?

      Once you have decided to proceed with the surgery, there are a few things you can do to prepare.

      • First, you will need to have a consultation with your surgeon. During this appointment, the doctor will thoroughly review the procedure and answer any questions.

      • Getting your finances in order before the surgery is also a good idea. The cost of a vasectomy reversal can vary depending on the surgeon and the complexity of the procedure. Make sure you clearly understand the costs involved, so there are no surprises later on.

      • You will need to stop taking any medications that may increase the risk of bleeding, such as aspirin or blood thinners. You should also not drink alcohol for 24 hours before the surgery. Moreover, you will need someone to drive you home after the surgery.

      • Finally, take some time to mentally prepare for the surgery. This is a big decision, and it is normal to feel a bit anxious about it. If you have any concerns, be sure to discuss them with your surgeon. They can help put your mind at ease and help you feel more confident about the procedure.

      What to anticipate?

      A vasectomy reversal is usually done as an outpatient procedure, meaning the patient won't need to stay in the hospital overnight. The surgery usually takes about two hours and is done under general anaesthesia. Before the surgery, the doctor will take a thorough patient history and conduct some blood tests and a physical test.

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      After a vasectomy reversal, it may take a few months to a year for sperm to be present in the patient's semen. Moreover, even if sperm are present, there is no guarantee that they will be able to impregnate a partner. Regular check-ups are done to determine whether the semen contains sperm or not.


      How successful is a vasectomy reversal?

      The success rate of a vasectomy reversal depends on many factors, including the type of vasectomy performed and the patient's age. The general success rate is between 30% to 70%.

      Is a vasectomy reversal painful?

      Patients may experience some pain in the groin area after a vasectomy reversal for approximately a week. If pain persists beyond that, get checked with the doctor immediately.

      Is the vasectomy reversal success rate 100%?

      No, the vasectomy reversal success rate is not 100%. The success rate depends on many factors and generally lies between 30% to 70%


      1. Bernie AM, Osterberg EC, Stahl PJ, Ramasamy R, Goldstein M. (2012). Vasectomy reversal in humans. Spermatogenesis. NCBI

      2. Ramasamy R, Schlegel PN. (2011). Vasectomy and vasectomy reversal: An update. Indian J Urol. NCBI


      Vasectomy Reversal: Meaning and Risks in Hindi, Vasectomy Reversal: Meaning and Risks in Tamil, Vasectomy Reversal: Meaning and Risks in Telugu, Vasectomy Reversal: Meaning and Risks in Bengali

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