Updated on 2 November 2022
A myriad of factors can cause swelling during pregnancy, especially swollen feet. While some of these symptoms are common during pregnancy, sometimes they might signify more concerning disorders like preeclampsia. Let us understand in detail about swelling during pregnancy, its causes and warning signs and symptoms.
Here are some reasons why you may experience swelling during pregnancy:
The blood volume of a pregnant woman doubles. This surge may vary from woman to woman, with some reporting growth of approximately 100% over pre-pregnancy levels.
Fluid and hormonal changes might increase plasma in your blood relative to red blood cells, which is expected. A condition known as physiological anaemia occurs as a consequence. A healthy pregnant woman might have up to 80% edema in pregnancy. However, the feet are the most common location for this condition to appear.
Due to the increased demand for water during pregnancy, fluid retention may indicate dehydration. Women who don't drink enough water are at risk of constipation, anemia, and edema if they don't stay hydrated. Dehydrated pregnant women may have a lower chance of delivering a healthy baby.
Several over-the-counter and prescription drugs might raise the risk of edema. Some persons may develop water retention and peripheral edema due to using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs).
Antacids are often used to treat heartburn in pregnant women. Swelling in pregnancy may occur if sodium bicarbonate-containing drugs are taken in excess.
As a result of preeclampsia, pregnant women are more likely to have swollen feet. A rapid rise in blood pressure in women who had previously had good readings is the hallmark of this illness. The presence of protein in urine is another telltale sign of this illness. Approximately one in every twenty-five pregnant women in the US is affected by this issue.
Women with preeclampsia are more likely to have swelling during pregnancy in their hands and feet. Thus, these signs should be taken carefully. Seizures are a possibility if preeclampsia is not addressed.
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The feet and ankles should be the only swollen parts of your body. Even if your fingers swell a bit, it shouldn't be noticeable enough that you can't wear your rings anymore.
When you're in your second or third trimester of pregnancy, you may notice a tingling sensation in your lower abdomen. This usually begins about week 22 and lasts until you give birth. Pregnant women are more susceptible to edema than the general population.
As the day progresses, you may notice that your feet and ankles swell. This is primarily due to gravity – if you spend more time on your feet, additional fluid will accumulate in your feet and ankles.
Swollen feet, often known as edema, are an essential pregnancy symptom. It might be difficult for some women to tell whether a problem is just a minor inconvenience or something that requires immediate medical treatment. Signs of swollen feet include the following:
Having to buy bigger shoe sizes is a common symptom of pregnancy-induced edema, even if it may seem trite to pregnant women. Compression stockings and reduced time spent on your feet might help alleviate pain. A flat, supportive shoe half a size larger than your pre-pregnancy shoes could also be good.
Standing for lengthy periods may induce the accumulation of extra fluid in the legs and feet due to gravity. Pregnant women may find it difficult to stand or walk for long periods.
Even though swelling may be seen at first look, not all women know it. If you examine carefully, the skin is considerably tighter. Depending on your height, the feet and ankles may seem shorter or taller than the rest of your leg.
Pregnancy-induced swelling of the ankles and feet is joint. Anxieties about bumps are understandable since they may be painful, cause your shoes to become uncomfortable, and even make you feel self-conscious so home remedies for swollen feet during pregnancy is the best solution. To keep yourself as comfortable as possible, it's essential to know what to watch out for and how best to deal with it.
FHCSD. Swelling in Pregnancy—When to Worry and When Is It Normal?. www.fhcsd.org
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