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    In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

    In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) - an overview

    Written on 27 June 2019

    Expert Verified

    Kusum Sabharwal

    Obstetrician & Gynecologist - MBBS| DGO

    Are you looking for infertility treatment? IVF or In vitro fertilization is a leading choice. Let us glimpse into IVF and its details.

    What is IVF treatment? 

    • IVF is the abbreviation for In Vitro fertilization. 

    • The treatment is one of the well-known Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). 

    • IVF is a blend of surgical procedures and medicines that assist sperm in fertilizing an egg. 

    • In an IVF treatment, the collection of mature eggs from ovaries starts. Fertilization of these eggs with sperm in a lab is the next step. 

    • The relocation of fertilized eggs to the uterus is the next step. 

    • It takes about three weeks for a complete cycle of IVF. 

    Who needs an IVF?

    Couples experiencing the following complications opt for an IVF treatment.

    • Male factor infertility, to a severe extent, needs an IVF. Such factors include low sperm motility, low sperm count, necessity to extract sperm surgically from testicles. 

    • Blocked or absent fallopian tubes. 

    • Other infertility reasons such as ovulation disorders, endometriosis, and unknown infertility opt for IVF when all other procedures fail. 

    • Couples whose conception rate is critical and pregnancy rates are low. These cases fall under the advanced reproductive age. 

    • To avoid inherited genetic disease passing to the children, IVF is a superior choice. With the assistance of pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, the embryos are diagnosed for diseases. These embryos, without the disorder, are ready to set into the uterus. 

    Preparation for an IVF

    Before beginning an IVF, the following screenings are necessary for the couples. 

    • Ovarian reserve testing: The doctor keeps track of the anti-Mullerian hormone, estrogen, and Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) during initial menstrual periods. The above careening helps in determining the quality and quantity of eggs. 

    • Semen analysis: The initial fertility evaluation takes into count the semen analysis test. 

    • Mock embryo transfer: A mock embryo transfer is mandatory to know the uterine cavity’s depth. The mock transfer also helps to determine the technique for placing embryos successfully in the uterus. 

    • Uterine inspection: Before an IVF, the doctors inspect the uterine lining. With the help of Son-hysterography, fluid injection through the cervix is complete. 

    The above information gives a clear overview of IVF treatment and its necessities. 

    Is this helpful?



    Verified Article by

    Kusum Sabharwal

    Obstetrician & Gynecologist - MBBS| DGO
    Written by



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