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    Hypomenorrhea: When Your Period is Lighter Than Usual

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    Hypomenorrhea: When Your Period is Lighter Than Usual

    Updated on 12 September 2023

    Medically Reviewed by

    Dr. Shruti Tanwar

    C-section & gynae problems - MBBS| MS (OBS & Gynae)

    View Profile

    Let's face it: periods are no picnic. From cramps and bloating to mood swings and fatigue, it's no wonder we dread that time of the month. But what happens when your period suddenly becomes lighter than usual? Is it a cause for concern, or just another annoying variation in your menstrual cycle? If you've been experiencing hypomenorrhea – the medical term for a lighter-than-normal period – you're not alone.

    In this article, we'll explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for scanty periods, so you can get back to feeling like yourself again.

    Hypomenorrhea Meaning and Symptoms

    Hypomenorrhea is a term used to describe menstrual periods that are shorter and lighter than normal. When a woman experiences hypomenorrhea, her menstrual flow may only last a few days, and the amount of blood she loses is significantly less than usual.

    The other common symptoms of hypomenorrhea include:

    • Abdominal cramps or pain
    • Spotting instead of regular bleeding
    • Irregular menstrual cycle
    • Delayed onset of menstruation

    It is important to understand that hypomenorrhea is not the same as amenorrhea, which is the absence of menstruation for three or more consecutive menstrual cycles.

    Hormonal Imbalances and Scanty Periods

    Hypomenorrhea can be caused by hormonal imbalances in the body. Hormones such as estrogen and progesterone play a crucial role in regulating the menstrual cycle. Any imbalance in these hormones can result in hypomenorrhea.

    Some of the common hormonal imbalances that can cause scanty periods include:

    Women who experience hypomenorrhea due to hormonal imbalances may also experience other symptoms, such as acne, weight gain, hair loss, and mood swings.

    You may also llike: Oligomenorrhea: What Every Woman Needs to Know About Irregular Periods

    Hypomenorrhea Causes

    In addition to hormonal imbalances, hypomenorrhea can also be caused by other factors, such as:

    1. Excessive exercise or weight loss

    When the body is in a "starvation state" due to low body weight and intense exercise, it can cause hypomenorrhea and even amenorrhea. Therefore, it is important to maintain a healthy body weight and exercise routine to avoid these kinds of health issues.

    2. Stress

    Extreme stress can interfere with the hormones produced in the body and the way the menstrual cycle functions. Prolonged periods of stress or high stress levels can cause more erratic or absent menstruation.

    3. Malnutrition or anemia

    Malnutrition can lead to a lack of essential nutrients such as iron, which can cause anemia. Anemia can then cause hypomenorrhea by reducing the amount of blood available for menstrual flow.

    4. Use of certain medications

    Use of some medications such as birth control pills, IUDs or hormonal therapies can affect the menstrual cycle and cause hypomenorrhea.

    5. Structural abnormalities

    Structural problems in the genital tract, such as uterine fibroids or polyps or scarring in the uterus may prevent menstrual flow. This can lead to scanty periods.

    Some additional causes may include genital tuberculosis and multiple abortions. It is important to identify the underlying cause of hypomenorrhea to determine the appropriate treatment.

    Diagnosing Hypomenorrhea

    If a woman experiences hypomenorrhea, she should consult her doctor to determine the underlying cause. The doctor will perform a physical examination and may order some tests, such as:

    • Blood tests to check hormone levels
    • Ultrasound to detect structural abnormalities in the genital tract
    • Endometrial biopsy to rule out genital tuberculosis
    • Hysteroscopy to diagnose any uterine abnormalities

    Based on the test results, the doctor will determine the appropriate treatment for hypomenorrhea.

    Hypomenorrhea Treatment Options

    The treatment for hypomenorrhea depends on the underlying cause. Some of the common treatment options for hypomenorrhea include:

    1. Medical Treatment for Hypomenorrhea

    If hypomenorrhea is caused by hormonal imbalances, the doctor may prescribe hormonal therapies, such as birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy. These medications can help regulate the menstrual cycle and restore hormonal balance in the body.

    If hypomenorrhea is caused by structural abnormalities in the genital tract, surgery may be necessary to correct the problem.

    2. Natural Remedies for Hypomenorrhea

    If hypomenorrhea is caused by stress, malnutrition, or anemia, lifestyle changes and natural remedies may help. Some of the natural remedies for hypomenorrhea include:

    • Eating a balanced diet rich in iron and other nutrients
    • Taking iron supplements
    • Reducing stress through exercise, meditation, or other relaxation techniques
    • Getting enough sleep
    • Using herbal remedies, such as ginger, cinnamon, or fennel seeds

    Lifestyle Changes to Manage Scanty Periods

    Regardless of the underlying cause, women who experience hypomenorrhea can take some steps to manage their symptoms. Some of the lifestyle changes that may help manage hypomenorrhea include:

    • Eating a healthy, balanced diet
    • Exercising regularly
    • Getting enough rest and sleep
    • Reducing stress
    • Avoiding smoking and alcohol

    When to See a Doctor

    Women who experience hypomenorrhea should consult their doctor if they have any concerns about their menstrual cycle. It is particularly important to seek medical attention if hypomenorrhea is accompanied by other symptoms, such as abdominal pain, fever, or nausea.


    Hypomenorrhea is a medical condition that can be caused by hormonal imbalances, stress, malnutrition, or structural abnormalities in the genital tract. Women who experience scanty periods should consult their doctor to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment. Natural remedies, medical treatments, and lifestyle changes can all help manage hypomenorrhea and restore hormonal balance in the body.


    1. De Sanctis V, Soliman AT, Tzoulis P, Daar S, Di Maio S, Millimaggi G, Kattamis C.(2022) Hypomenorrhea in Adolescents and Youths: Normal Variant or Menstrual Disorder?

    2. Omani Samani R, Almasi Hashiani A, Razavi M, Vesali S, Rezaeinejad M, Maroufizadeh S.(2018) The prevalence of menstrual disorders in Iran.

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    Medically Reviewed by

    Dr. Shruti Tanwar

    C-section & gynae problems - MBBS| MS (OBS & Gynae)

    View Profile

    Written by

    Anupama Chadha

    Anupama Chadha, born and raised in Delhi is a content writer who has written extensively for industries such as HR, Healthcare, Finance, Retail and Tech.

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