Written on 8 July 2019
Types of white vaginal discharge and its causes
Vaginal discharge serves the function of a housekeeper carrying away all the dead cells & bacteria from the cervix and vagina. It keeps the vagina clean and prevents any chance of infection.
The type of vaginal discharge such as odour and colour can range from clear to milky white. For example, the amount of discharge will vary when you are breastfeeding or sexually aroused as compared to when you are pregnant.
However, if you feel that the smell, colour is different from usual along with condition such as vaginal itching and burning, it can be the result of an infection.
Causes of abnormal discharge
Here is a list of things which can cause an unusual discharge.
Use of antibiotics
Bacterial infection, common in case of pregnant women
Usage of Birth control pills
Sexually transmitted infections such as Gonorrhoea
Use of scented soaps and lotions
Thinning & Drying of vaginal walls during the menopause phase
Irritation in the vagina
Types of Abnormal Discharge and its cause
1) Brown or bloody
Cause - Cervical cancer, irregular menstrual cycle.
Cause - Shedding of the uterine lining occurring after childbirth.
3) Yellow or greenish
Cause - Possible case of Gonorrhoea, a STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) disease which affects the urethra and rectum area.
4) Thick and white
Cause - Possible case of yeast infection which might result in pain and swelling around the vulva region and painful sexual activity.
5) White, grey, or yellow with odour
Cause - Possible case of bacterial vaginosis resulting in vaginal inflammation.
Diagnosis of abnormal discharge
Your doctor can start the diagnosis by confirming about your medical history and include questions such as,
When did the excess discharge begin?
What is the colour of discharge?
Presence of any odour or smell?
Presence of an itching or pain around the vagina
The doctor can also prescribe a list of tests to conduct further examination.
Treatment of abnormal discharge
The treatment will depend on your current condition. For example, if you have a Yeast infection, the doctor can prescribe an anti-fungal cream or an antibiotic pill.
You can also prevent vaginal infection by taking the following steps:
Keeping the area clean by washing using a mild soap
Avoid usage of any scented soap or sprays
After using the washroom, always wipe from front to back to prevent any bacterial infection
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