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Updated on 27 June 2023
Infertility is a common problem that affects millions of couples worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, around 15% of all couples experience infertility at some point in their lives. While there are a variety of factors that can contribute to infertility, male infertility is a significant issue that is often overlooked. Fortunately, there are a variety of treatments available to help men overcome infertility and increase their chances of starting a family.
In this article, we will explore the top 4 kinds of infertility treatments that can help men overcome male infertility and achieve their dream of becoming a father. But first, let us understand the causes of infertility in men and how to diagnose male infertility.
Male infertility refers to any health issue in a man that lowers the chances of his female partner getting pregnant. It can be caused by low sperm production, abnormal sperm function, or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. The main sign is the inability to conceive a child, but other signs or symptoms include sexual function problems, pain or swelling in the testicle area, and a lower than normal sperm count. Male fertility problems can be treated without surgery, and the treatment may depend on the underlying cause.
Many different factors can affect a man's fertility. Here are some of the most common causes of male fertility problems:
According to research, as men age, their fertility declines. This is due to a decrease in the number and quality of sperm. Also, sperms lose their viability with age, making it even more difficult to conceive.
Low sperm count can be caused by various factors such as hormonal imbalances, genetic disorders, medical conditions, or radiation exposure.
Sperm may be unable to move properly (low sperm motility) or have poor morphology. This may be caused by certain genetic disorders, infections, or exposure to toxins.
Blockages in the tubes that carry sperm (ejaculatory duct obstruction) can prevent the delivery of sperm during ejaculation. This can be caused by infections, injuries, or congenital abnormalities.
In some cases, fertility problems are due to genetic factors. This may be the case if there is a family history of fertility problems. Some genetic disorders, like Klinefelter's syndrome or cystic fibrosis, can impact male fertility.
Furthermore, an imbalance of hormones like testosterone, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) or luteinizing hormone (LH) can lead to fertility problems.
Being overweight or obese, smoking, marijuana or alcohol use, exposure to environmental toxins, and certain medications can also affect male fertility.
It is important to note that infertility is diagnosed after one year of unprotected sex if the female does not get pregnant. If you suspect that you or your partner may be experiencing infertility, it is recommended to seek medical advice and counseling from healthcare providers experienced in dealing with infertility issues.
There are a few different ways to diagnose male infertility. The most common way is through a semen analysis, which will look at the count, motility, and morphology of the sperm. This can give a good indication of whether or not a man is fertile.
Other ways of diagnosing male infertility include a blood test to check hormone levels and a scrotal ultrasound to look at the size and structure of the testicles. In some cases, a biopsy of the testicles may also be required.
For people concerned about their fertility, it is important to speak to a doctor who can help them understand the best way to move forward. There are many treatments available for couples who are struggling to conceive. Many men can overcome fertility problems and father a child with proper diagnosis and treatment.
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Different male infertility treatments are available, and the best one will depend on the underlying cause of a person’s infertility. Here are the top four male infertility treatments:
If your infertility is due to low levels of certain hormones, hormone therapy can be an effective treatment. This may involve taking medication to increase hormone levels or receiving injections of hormones.
If a blockage prevents sperm from getting to the egg, surgery may be necessary to remove the blockage. This could involve a vasectomy reversal or surgery to repair a blockage in the ejaculatory ducts.
If other treatments are not effective, ART may be an option. This involves using assisted reproductive technologies such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF) to fertilize an egg outside the body and implant the embryo into the uterus.
This type of ART is used when there are low sperm counts or poor sperm quality. ICSI involves injecting sperm into an egg and implanting the embryo into the uterus.
Male infertility can be caused by various factors, including low sperm count, poor sperm quality, or blockages in the reproductive system. Treatment for male infertility often depends on the underlying cause. For any couple having trouble conceiving, it's important to see a fertility specialist to get a full evaluation. They will be able to recommend the best course of treatment to help the couple conceive.
1. Dabaja AA, Schlegel PN.(2014).Medical treatment of male infertility. Transl Androl Urol.
2. Assidi M. (2022). Infertility in Men: Advances towards a Comprehensive and Integrative Strategy for Precision Theranostics. Cells.
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