Want to raise a happy & healthy Baby?
Updated on 1 July 2023
In the realm of assessing fertility, semen analysis stands as the foundation for evaluating the male partner's reproductive potential. Among the various causes of infertility, it has been estimated that around 40-50% of cases can be attributed to "male factor" infertility. Surprisingly, a considerable number, approximately 2%, of men exhibit suboptimal sperm parameters, indicating potential difficulties in achieving successful conception.
These statistics emphasize the importance of assessing and addressing semen analysis test in couples experiencing difficulties conceiving. This article highlights who requires semen analysis test procedure, how to read semen analysis report, and other aspects regarding semen analysis in fine detail.
Semen analysis is a diagnostic test that assesses the health and quality of a man's semen, which contains sperm and other fluids. During semen analysis test, various parameters are measured, including sperm count, motility (movement), morphology (shape and size), volume, pH level, and any abnormalities or infections.
By analyzing these factors, healthcare professionals can gain valuable insights into the man's fertility potential and identify any underlying issues that may contribute to infertility.
A semen analysis test may be recommended for individuals or couples experiencing difficulties conceiving a child. The doctor may ask you to undergo the test under the following conditions:
If a couple has been actively trying to conceive for a year or more without success, a semen analysis can help determine if male factor infertility is a contributing factor.
Semen analysis is a routine test performed before assisted reproductive techniques such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF). It provides vital information to guide the appropriate course of treatment.
It may be recommended for men with certain medical conditions that could affect fertility, such as hormonal imbalances, testicular injury or surgery, genetic disorders, or chronic illnesses.
After a vasectomy reversal procedure, a semen analysis is conducted to assess the procedure's success and determine if sperm are present in the ejaculate.
Semen analysis is performed as part of fertility preservation procedures, such as sperm cryopreservation, before undergoing treatments that may impair fertility, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
The semen analysis test, also known as a sperm test, involves several steps to evaluate various parameters of the semen and sperm. The procedure typically involves the following:
The individual will be provided with a sterile collection container and instructed on collecting a semen sample. The sample is usually obtained through masturbation and ejaculation into the container.
Once the sample is collected, it should be kept at body temperature and delivered to the laboratory within a specified time frame, usually within 30 minutes to an hour.
In the laboratory, the semen sample is analyzed for various parameters that provide insights into male reproductive health.
The laboratory will analyze the collected data and provide a comprehensive report detailing the results of the semen analysis. The results are typically compared to reference values to determine if they fall within normal ranges or if any abnormalities are present.
To read a semen analysis report, follow these key points:
Check the amount of semen produced during ejaculation. The normal range is typically 1.5 to 5 millilitres (mL).
Look for the sperm count, which indicates the number of sperm per mL of semen. The reference range is usually above 15 million/mL.
Assess the percentage of sperm that are actively moving. Aim for total motility above 40%.
Evaluate the shape and structure of sperm cells. The normal range for normal-shaped sperm is typically above 4%.
Check the percentage of live sperm in the sample. A vitality rate above 58% is desirable.
Note the acidity or alkalinity of the semen. The normal pH range is typically between 7.2 and 8.0.
Look for other tests, such as infection screening or DNA fragmentation analysis. These results may have specific reference ranges or guidelines.
Remember that reference ranges vary slightly among laboratories, so consider the specific reference ranges mentioned in the report.
Different parameters in a semen analysis report provide information about various aspects of sperm health and fertility. Here's what each parameter typically represents:
It indicates the amount of semen produced during ejaculation. A low volume may suggest an issue with the seminal vesicles or ejaculatory ducts.
This parameter measures the number of sperm present in each millilitre of semen. A low concentration may indicate a low sperm count, affecting fertility.
It refers to the percentage of sperm that are actively moving. Motility is crucial for sperm to reach and fertilize an egg. Poor motility can hinder the chances of successful fertilization.
It assesses the shape and structure of sperm cells. Abnormalities in sperm morphology may affect their ability to penetrate the egg, resulting in lower fertility.
It indicates the percentage of live sperm in the sample. High vitality is essential for sperm to survive and fertilize an egg successfully.
It measures the acidity or alkalinity of the semen. Deviations from the normal pH range can affect sperm function and fertility.
Elevated levels of WBCs may suggest an infection or inflammation in the reproductive system, which can impact sperm health.
These cells include immature sperm and other non-sperm cells. High levels of round cells may indicate a problem with sperm production or blockage in the reproductive tract.
Fructose is a sugar present in semen and provides energy for sperm. Low fructose levels may indicate a problem with the seminal vesicles.
You may also like : Top 4 Kinds of Infertility Treatments to Cure Male Infertility
Abnormal semen analysis results can indicate various underlying factors that affect sperm health and fertility. Some of the common causes include:
2. Poor Sperm Motility
3. Abnormal Sperm Morphology
6. Ejaculatory Issues
8. Lifestyle Factors
9. Genetic Factors
10. Medical Treatments
It's important to note that abnormal semen analysis results do not necessarily mean a man is infertile. Further evaluation by a healthcare professional or reproductive specialist is necessary to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment options.
If you are experiencing any concerns or issues related to male reproductive health, it is advisable to consult a doctor or a specialist. Here are some situations when it is recommended to seek medical attention such as difficulty in conceiving after actively trying for a year, abnormal semen analysis report, erectile dysfunction, pain or discomfort in any area related to reproductive system like testicles, hormonal imbalance, previous history of reproductive disorders, or STDs then it is essential to seek prompt medical attention.
Understanding male reproductive health through semen analysis is vital for assessing fertility potential. Abnormal semen analysis test results can indicate underlying issues, such as low sperm count, poor motility, or abnormal morphology. Seeking medical advice from a specialist is recommended when experiencing reproductive problems, as they can provide personalized guidance and treatment options. Remember, professional support is available to help you navigate the path to parenthood and bring joy to your future.
1. Sunder, M., & Leslie, S. W. (2020). Semen Analysis. PubMed; StatPearls Publishing.
2. Villani, M. T., Morini, D., Spaggiari, G., Falbo, A. I., Melli, B., La Sala, G. B., Romeo, M., Simoni, M., Aguzzoli, L., & Santi, D. (2021). Are sperm parameters able to predict the success of assisted reproductive technology? A retrospective analysis of over 22,000 assisted reproductive technology cycles. Andrology, 10(2), 310–321.
Get baby's diet chart, and growth tips
Understanding Premature Ejaculation: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options
Gokshura: The Ancient Ayurvedic Remedy for Optimal Sexual Health and Wellness
Diet Chart for Breastfeeding Mothers: The Ultimate Guide to Optimising Your & Your Baby's Nutrition
Low Milk Supply: What Every Breastfeeding Mom Needs to Know
Retrograde Ejaculation: Unraveling the Mystery Behind This Uncommon Sexual Dysfunction
Fertisure F: The Key to Unlocking Your Fertility Potential & Chances of Conception
At Mylo, we help young parents raise happy and healthy families with our innovative new-age solutions:
Dark Circles | Blackheads & Pimples | Skin Moisturizer | Skin Irritation | Shop By Ingredient | Kumkumadi | Ubtan | Vitamin C | Tea Tree | Aloe Vera | Rose Water | Skin - Hair Care | SHOP BY CONCERN | Hairfall | Dry and Damaged Hair | Hair Growth | Shop By Ingredient | Onion | Coconut | Skin - Fertility | Cloth Diaper | Maternity dresses | Stretch Marks Kit | Stroller |