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      Testicular Pain: Don't Ignore, Know When to Seek Medical Attention

      Male Infertility

      Testicular Pain: Don't Ignore, Know When to Seek Medical Attention

      Updated on 28 August 2023

      Mohit was experiencing a rather unusual pain- testicular pain- but he felt a sense of unease in discussing it with his family or friends. As the discomfort steadily escalated over the past few days, he turned to the vast expanse of the internet to seek out testicular pain treatment at home. The article gives you comprehensive information about causes of testicular pain, signs, types, when to see a doctor and testicle pain relief methods.

      What is testicular pain?

      Testicular pain is a condition where a man experiences discomfort or pain in one or both testicles. It can range from mild to severe and may be caused by various factors such as injury, infection, or inflammation. Such pain should be taken seriously and evaluated by a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.

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      What are the signs of testicular pain?

      The signs of testicular pain may include:

      • Pain or discomfort in one or both testicles

      • Swelling or tenderness in the scrotum

      • Redness or warmth in the scrotal area

      • Pain or discomfort during urination

      • Pain or discomfort during sexual activity

      • Fever or chills (if the pain is due to an infection)

      • Nausea or vomiting (if the pain is severe)

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      What are the causes of testicular pain?

      Testicular pain can be caused by various factors, including:

      1. Testicular torsion

      A medical emergency where the spermatic cord twists, cutting off blood flow to the testicle.

      2. Epididymitis

      Inflammation of the epididymis, a coiled tube behind the testicle, often due to infection.

      3. Orchitis

      Infection or inflammation of the testicle, commonly caused by a viral or bacterial infection.

      4. Inguinal hernia

      A condition where a part of the intestine protrudes through the abdominal wall into the inguinal canal.

      5. Kidney stones

      If a kidney stone passes into the ureter, it can cause referred pain in the testicle.

      6. Trauma or injury

      Direct trauma to the testicles can lead to pain and swelling.

      7. Varicocele

      Enlarged veins in the scrotum that can cause discomfort.

      8. Hydrocele

      Accumulation of fluid around the testicle, leading to swelling and pain.

      9. Testicular cancer

      In rare cases, testicular pain can be a symptom of testicular cancer.

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      What are the types of testicular pain?

      Testicular pain can be categorized into different types based on its underlying causes. The main types of testicular pain include the following:

      1. Chronic testicular pain

      Chronic testicular pain refers to persistent or recurring discomfort in one or both testicles that lasts for an extended period, typically for three months or more. Unlike acute testicular pain, which is sudden and severe, chronic testicular pain may be less intense but can significantly impact a man's quality of life.

      Management options may include pain relief medications, lifestyle modifications, physical therapy, or, in some cases, surgical intervention.

      2. Left testicle pain

      Left testicle pain refers to discomfort or pain specifically localized in the left testicle. This type of pain can have various underlying causes, and it is essential to identify the exact reason for accurate diagnosis and treatment

      3. Pain in right testicle

      Pain in the right testicle refers to discomfort or pain specifically localized in the right testicle. It can be caused by various factors. Prompt medical attention is crucial if you experience pain in the right testicle, as some conditions, like testicular torsion, require immediate intervention. A healthcare professional can conduct a thorough examination and possibly order tests or imaging to identify the cause and provide appropriate treatment for relief.

      4. Lower stomach and testicle pain

      Lower stomach and testicle pain refers to the simultaneous discomfort or pain experienced in both the lower abdomen and the testicles. This type of pain can be caused by various factors, and it is essential to identify the underlying cause for appropriate diagnosis and treatment.

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      How to provide testicle pain relief?

      Testicular pain treatment at home depends on the underlying cause of the pain. Here are some general measures that may help alleviate testicle pain:

      1. Rest and elevation

      If the pain is due to an injury or trauma, resting and elevating the affected area can help reduce swelling and discomfort.

      2. Ice pack

      Applying a cold pack or ice wrapped in a cloth to the affected area for 15-20 minutes may help reduce inflammation and provide pain relief.

      3. Supportive underwear

      Wearing supportive underwear, such as briefs, may help reduce discomfort by providing extra support to the testicles.

      4. Over-the-counter pain relievers

      Over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can help relieve mild to moderate testicle pain.

      5. Warm bath

      Taking a warm bath may help relax the muscles and reduce tension, providing some relief from testicle pain.

      6. Avoiding triggers

      If certain activities or movements worsen the pain, try to avoid them until the discomfort subsides.

      7. Hydration

      Ensuring adequate hydration can help prevent or manage testicle pain associated with conditions like kidney stones or urinary tract infections

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      When to seek a doctor

      You should seek medical attention promptly if you experience any of the following concerning symptoms related to testicle pain:

      1. Sudden and severe testicle pain

      If you experience a sudden and intense pain in the testicles, it could be a sign of testicular torsion, which is a medical emergency requiring immediate attention.

      2. Swelling or redness

      If you notice significant swelling or redness in the scrotum or testicles, it may indicate an infection or inflammation that needs medical evaluation.

      3. Fever and chills

      If you have a fever along with testicle pain, it could be a sign of an infection that requires medical treatment.

      4. Nausea or vomiting

      Testicle pain accompanied by nausea or vomiting may indicate a serious condition that needs medical attention.

      5. Pain after injury or trauma

      If you experience testicle pain after an injury or trauma, it is essential to get it checked by a doctor to rule out any serious damage.

      6. Urinary symptoms

      If you have difficulty urinating, blood in urine, or other urinary symptoms along with testicle pain, seek medical help as it could be related to a urinary tract issue.

      7. Lump or mass in the testicle

      If you notice a lump or abnormal mass in the testicle, it is crucial to get it examined by a doctor to rule out the possibility of testicular cancer.

      8. Pain lasting more than a few days

      If testicle pain persists for more than a few days, it is essential to seek medical evaluation to identify the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.

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      1. Is testicle pain common?

      Testicle pain is relatively common and can occur in males of all ages. It may be caused by various factors, including injuries, infections, inflammation, and other medical conditions. In many cases, testicle pain is mild and temporary, and it resolves on its own or with simple home remedies.

      2. Can sperm build up cause testicle pain?

      Yes, sperm build-up or congestion in the testicles can sometimes lead to testicle pain. This condition is known as epididymal congestion or spermatocele and can cause discomfort or a dull ache in the testicles.

      3. Does testicle pain heal itself?

      In many cases, testicle pain may heal itself without specific medical intervention, especially if the pain is due to minor injuries or temporary conditions. Rest, avoiding triggers, and using home remedies like ice packs or over-the-counter pain relievers can often help alleviate mild testicle pain.

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      Closing Thoughts

      In conclusion, testicular pain is a common issue that can be caused by various factors, ranging from minor injuries to more serious medical conditions. While some cases of testicle pain may heal on their own with rest and home remedies, it is crucial to seek medical attention if the pain persists, worsens, or is accompanied by concerning symptoms. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help ensure a safe and effective recovery and prevent potential complications.


      1. Gossman, W., Boniface, M. P., & Mohseni, M. (2020). Acute Scrotum Pain. PubMed; StatPearls Publishing.

      1. Leslie, S. W., Sajjad, H., & Siref, L. E. (2020). Chronic Testicular Pain. PubMed; StatPearls Publishing.

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      Written by

      Madhavi Gupta

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