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    Second Trimester

    The List of Essential Things Every Pregnant Woman Must Do in Their Second Trimester

    Updated on 1 November 2022

    Pregnancy is a beautiful and exciting phase in every woman's life. As a woman steps into the second trimester of her pregnancy, things begin to settle down a little, making her feel more comfortable. But when does the second trimester start? The second trimester starts in the third month of your pregnancy and ends in the sixth month. Women feel quite different during this period and begin to show their baby bump to the world.

    Your body also goes through several hormonal changes, such as increased appetite, energy, etc. But the second trimester usually comes as a great relief for mothers after the incredibly challenging first trimester. One may have to go through irregular bouts of morning sickness, cramping, or even mood swings during their first trimester. But let's discuss the second trimester and its do's and don'ts.

    Do's of Second Trimester

    Your second trimester weeks may be comparatively a bit different. Thus, this is because, during this phase, your baby bump is significantly visible. Apart from that, you may be prescribed a few supplements or medicines depending upon your pregnancy conditions. Analyzing your pregnancy on a weekly basis can indeed help you play way ahead of time!

    However, on entering the second trimester, women may have to list out a few important things to do. Thus, these essential things can help a pregnant woman have a safe and healthy delivery. A few of the essential things are listed below.

    1. Continuing Prenatal Vitamins

    Prenatal vitamins are supplements made for pregnant women to give their bodies the vitamins and minerals required for a healthy pregnancy. During this phase, it is advised that you consider booking an appointment with your doctor every two weeks. Your doctor may prescribe you folic acid supplements or conduct second trimester screening.

    2. Exercising Every Day

    Exercising daily will help mothers to keep their bodies fit and strong. Yet again, you will need to make sure that you do not perform any type of heavy exercise. Stick to light activities such as kegel exercises(that can provide quick relief from pelvic pain during pregnancy second trimester) or half squats.

    Performing heavy exercises during pregnancy can put a lot of pressure on your legs. Thus, these may then lead to other joint problems and muscle tears. It is also advised that you also take as much rest as possible.

    You may prefer watching the recommended exercises:

    3. Eat A Healthy Balanced Diet

    Pregnant women should eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables, low-fat forms of protein, and fiber. This will help the baby to become healthy and grow properly. Taking nutritious and healthy diets will help you stay fit and fight some common issues related to pregnancy too.

    Apart from that, make sure to never starve during pregnancy. Thus, this is because dieting or starving during pregnancy can restrict numerous nutrients that are supposed to reach the developing baby in your womb. Gaining weight during pregnancy is normal, however, dieting or starving to see a difference in your weight gain may lead to a disastrous result.

    4. Drink Lots Of Water

    Drinking a lot of water can save you from numerous dehydration problems and other health conditions. For example, drinking at least 9 glasses of water a day can decrease constipation, reduce swelling, soften skin, increase energy, keep your body temperature low, and decrease the risk of urinary tract infections and preterm labor or birth.

    5. Women Should Consume High Calories

    As you step into the second trimester, women might notice that their appetite has increased as their baby needs more nutrients to develop. About 2,200 calories per day during the second trimester are required for women to remain healthy and for the baby to grow properly.

    6. Keep Your Teeth And Gums Healthy

    Follow good oral hygiene practices to prevent and reduce oral health problems, including brushing at least twice a day, and flossing once a day. Having poor oral hygiene may lead to numerous mouth diseases, foul breath, or even indirectly affect the development of your baby.

    7. Ensure High-Calorie Intake

    High-calorie intake during pregnancy is one of the most important ways to ensure that the baby gets all the nutrients required. The baby requires a high-nutrient diet for optimal growth. As the baby absorbs the nutrient a mother eats, mothers must consume a high-caloric and nutritional diet during the second trimester.

    8. Take A Lot Of Rest

    Yes! This is indeed one of the most important things that need to be on your list. Resting can help your body feel more relaxed and refreshed. Besides, having a good night's sleep for 8 hours can prevent numerous health problems. Yet again, it is important that you do not stay inactive for too long. Consider performing light physical activities in between your rest schedule. Taking enough rest is also one of the best ways to relieve lower back pain during pregnancy's second trimester.

    What Are A Few Things To Avoid During Pregnancy?

    A few of the things that you may have to avoid during your pregnancy include the following list of items.

    1. Avoid performing high-intensity workouts. Thus, this is because strenuous exercise can lead to unexpected injury to the stomach or put a lot of burden on your legs.

    1. Quit smoking as well as alcohol. Continuing to smoke or drink alcohol can affect your baby’s developing immune system, leading to various health conditions including a weak liver.

    1. Make sure to cut down on caffeine as much as possible. You can drink not more than a single cup of coffee a day.

    1. Pregnancy is indeed a high time to say a big ‘NO’ to illegal drugs. Consuming drugs directly affects the normal functioning of your baby’s organs, resulting in visible impairment. However, it may be important for you to say no to drugs regardless of whether you are pregnant or not.

    1. Avoid consuming uncooked meat or raw fish. Besides, it may also be important for you to avoid eating fish that have considerably high levels of mercury. For example, fish like sharks, mackerel, and white snapper have high amounts of mercury in them.

    1. Completely avoid unpasteurized milk and other odd dairy products in case you wish to prevent digestive problems.

    1. Cut down on streetside food and hot dogs. This is because the overall hygiene may be jeopardized when you look out for satisfying your cravings. You would want to know if the one preparing your food is meeting the hygiene standards or not.

    1. During pregnancy, you may have to completely stop using various medicines such as Accutane, tretinoin, or isotretinoin, which is commonly used for acne. Make sure to consult your doctor before starting any new medicines or lifestyle routine.

    1. Do not overwork during office hours or take unnecessary stress. Make sure to opt for flexible working hours or opt for maternity leave.

    You may like: Why is the Second Trimester Anomaly Scan Important During Pregnancy? (


    Following these things during pregnancy will help pregnant mothers to stay strong and have a comfortable as well as relatively easier delivery. All these steps are equally important when it comes to the well-being of your child too. By religiously following the above-mentioned tips, you are more likely to have a safe as well as a healthy baby delivery.

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