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    The Ultimate Guide to Consuming Mushroom in Pregnancy

    Pregnancy Best Foods

    The Ultimate Guide to Consuming Mushroom in Pregnancy

    Updated on 24 January 2024

    Mushrooms are a popular ingredient in many dishes due to their unique taste and texture. However, when it comes to pregnancy, many women are unsure about whether it is safe to consume mushroom in pregnancy. In this article, we will explore the nutritional value of mushrooms, discuss whether they are good during pregnancy, identify safe types of mushrooms to consume, highlight their benefits and address any potential risks.

    Nutritional value of mushrooms

    Mushrooms are not only delicious but also packed with essential nutrients such as:

    • Vitamin D: Mushrooms can be a natural source of vitamin D, especially when they are exposed to sunlight or UV light during growth.
    • B vitamins: Mushrooms contain various B vitamins such as riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), and biotin (B7).
    • Selenium: Mushrooms are one of the best non-animal sources of selenium, an essential mineral with antioxidant properties.
    • Potassium: Mushrooms are a good source of potassium, which is important for heart health and muscle function.
    • Copper: They also contain copper, which is necessary for producing red blood cells and maintaining healthy bones and nerves.
    • Protein and Fiber: Mushrooms are a source of dietary fiber and provide a small amount of protein as well.
    • Antioxidants: Mushroom is rich in ergothioneine, a naturally occurring antioxidant that may help protect the body's cells.
    • Carbohydrates and Low Calories: Mushrooms are low in calories and carbohydrates, making them a good option for those on a low-calorie or low-carb diet.

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    Is mushroom good in pregnancy?

    Many women wonder can I eat mushroom during pregnancy. The good news is that mushrooms are generally considered safe to eat during pregnancy. However, it is essential to ensure that they are properly cooked to eliminate any potential harmful bacteria or parasites that may be present.

    Raw or undercooked mushrooms can pose a risk of foodborne illnesses, so it is recommended to cook them thoroughly before consumption. By cooking mushrooms until they are tender and fully cooked, you can enjoy their nutritional benefits without worrying about any potential risks.

    Safe types of mushroom during pregnancy

    While mushrooms, in general, are safe to consume during pregnancy, it is important to be aware of certain types that may not be suitable. For example, some wild mushrooms can be toxic and should be avoided altogether. It is best to stick to commercially cultivated mushrooms that are readily available in grocery stores.

    Common types of mushrooms that are considered safe for consumption during pregnancy include button mushrooms, cremini mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, and oyster mushrooms. These varieties are widely used in cooking and are less likely to cause any adverse effects during pregnancy.

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    Mushroom benefits during pregnancy

    Eating mushroom during pregnancy can provide numerous benefits for both the mother and the baby. Here are seven notable benefits of mushroom during pregnancy:

    1. Rich in essential nutrients

    Mushrooms are a great source of vitamins and minerals necessary for the healthy development of the baby, such as folate, iron, and zinc.

    2. Boosts immune system

    The immune system can be weakened during pregnancy, but mushrooms contain compounds that help strengthen the immune system, protecting both the mother and the baby from harmful infections.

    3. Maintains healthy digestion

    Mushrooms are high in dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and prevents constipation, a common issue during pregnancy.

    4. Regulates blood sugar levels

    The low glycemic index of mushrooms helps regulate blood sugar levels, reducing the risk of gestational diabetes.

    5. Supports brain development

    The presence of B vitamins, particularly vitamin B6, in mushrooms promotes healthy brain development in the fetus.

    6. Improves mood

    Mushrooms contain compounds that have been linked to improved mood and reduced feelings of anxiety and depression.

    7. Helps prevent birth defects

    The high folate content in mushrooms plays a crucial role in preventing neural tube defects and other birth defects.

    Risks of eating mushroom in pregnancy

    While there are numerous mushroom benefits during pregnancy it is important to be aware of potential risks associated with their consumption during pregnancy. Here are five risks to consider:

    1. Foodborne illnesses

    Raw or undercooked mushrooms can harbor harmful bacteria or parasites, posing a risk of foodborne illnesses and food poisoning.

    2. Allergic reactions

    Some individuals may be allergic to mushrooms, and allergic reactions during pregnancy can be particularly concerning. If you have a known mushroom allergy, it is best to avoid them altogether.

    3. Toxic wild mushrooms

    Certain wild mushrooms can be toxic and may cause severe health issues if consumed. It is crucial to avoid foraging for wild mushrooms during pregnancy and only consume commercially cultivated varieties.

    4. Potential pesticide exposure

    Conventionally grown mushrooms may contain pesticide residues. To minimize exposure, opt for organic or locally sourced mushrooms whenever possible.

    5. Interaction with medication

    If you are taking any medication during pregnancy, it is essential to consult your healthcare provider to ensure that consuming mushrooms does not interfere with the effectiveness or safety of your medication.

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    Tips for selecting and preparing mushroom during pregnancy

    When it comes to selecting and preparing mushrooms, here are five important tips to keep in mind before eating mushroom during pregnancy:

    1. Choose fresh and firm mushrooms

    Look for mushrooms that are firm to the touch and have a fresh appearance. Avoid those with bruised or slimy spots.

    2. Clean them properly

    Rinse the mushrooms under cool running water to remove any dirt or debris. Avoid soaking them, as mushrooms tend to absorb water, which can affect their texture and taste.

    3. Cook them thoroughly

    To eliminate any potential bacteria or parasites, cook mushrooms thoroughly until they are tender and fully cooked. Avoid eating raw or undercooked mushrooms during pregnancy.

    4. Store them properly

    Keep mushrooms refrigerated and consume them within a few days of purchase. Discard any mushrooms that show signs of spoilage, such as a foul smell or sliminess.

    5. Experiment with different recipes

    Incorporate mushrooms into a variety of dishes to enjoy their unique flavor and texture. From stir-fries to soups and pasta dishes, the possibilities are endless.

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    1. Can I eat mushroom during pregnancy?

    Consuming properly washed and thoroughly cooked mushrooms in moderation as part of a well-balanced diet is advisable during pregnancy. However, it's best to consult a doctor for personalized dietary guidance regarding any dietary restrictions during pregnancy.

    2. Is it safe to eat button mushroom during pregnancy?

    Yes, it is safe to consume button mushrooms during pregnancy. They are a common variety found everywhere and can be recognized by their pale white shoot with a spotted top. Button mushrooms are flavorful and can be used to make delicious dishes to add to a healthy diet.

    Key Takeaways

    In conclusion, consuming mushroom in pregnancy can be a healthy and delicious addition to your diet. They are packed with essential nutrients, support the immune system, aid in digestion, and promote healthy brain development in the fetus. However, it is important to choose safe types of mushrooms, cook them thoroughly, and be aware of any potential risks or allergies. By following these guidelines and consulting with your healthcare provider, you can safely enjoy the benefits of mushroom during pregnancy.


    1. Sun L, Niu Z. (2020). A mushroom diet reduced the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension and macrosomia: a randomized clinical trial. Food Nutr Res.

    2. Kenny LC; SCOPE Consortium; Brown LW, Ortea P, Tuytten R, Kell DB. (2023). Relationship between the concentration of ergothioneine in plasma and the likelihood of developing pre-eclampsia. Biosci Rep.

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    Written by

    Anupama Chadha

    Anupama Chadha, born and raised in Delhi is a content writer who has written extensively for industries such as HR, Healthcare, Finance, Retail and Tech.

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