UTI

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that affects part of the urinary tract.

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Vaginal infections durng pregnancy

Pregnancy is the time when your body undergoes significant hormonal changes. Due to these changes, women often find their immunity levels dipping, making them susceptible to an array of infections. Infections in the vaginal region such as the yeast infections, Trichomoniasis, and Bacterial Vaginosis are a common occurrence during pregnancy. However, one may encounter other kinds of vaginal infections as well. If left untreated they may harm the foetus too. Therefore, it is best to stay well informed about the causes and symptoms of the different vaginal infections during pregnancy in order to identify and treat them at the earliest. Vaginal Infections To Watch Out For During Pregnancy #1. Bacterial Vaginosis One of the most common vaginal infections during pregnancy, Bacterial Vaginosis or BV is seen in every one out of five pregnant women. Cause: BV is caused when the vagina’s naturally existing bacteria start multiplying excessively due to hormonal imbalances, leading to unpleasant symptoms. Symptoms: Pain and burning sensation during urination Inflammation, irritation, and itchiness inside and around the vagina Thin, watery, greyish white vaginal discharge, which has a very foul odour Diagnosis: Your doctor, through a pelvic examination, can diagnose BV. She may take a swab sample of the discharge to observe it microscopically and even send it to the lab for a vaginal culture for further confirmation. Treatment: Antibiotics are a good line of treatment for Bacterial Vaginosis. Your doctor will prescribe you a dosage safe for use during pregnancy. However, if you are in your first trimester, she may avoid giving any medication at all. Points to remember: If detected early BV may go away on its own without medication. However, if left untreated for long it may lead to serious problems such as – low birth weight of the baby, preterm delivery, pelvic inflammatory disease in the mother, eventual damage to the fallopian tubes, increase in risk of contacting Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), and even infertility. What you can do: In order to prevent BV during pregnancy you must – Drink at least 2-3 liters of water daily Keep your vagina clean and dry to prevent bacterial build-up Do not use bath oils or thick applications in the vaginal region. These may block pores and lead to infections. Maintain good hygiene and wash yourself dry twice or thrice a day Wear cotton undergarments and change your underpants twice a day to prevent the area from being sweaty. Wear loose pants and avoid tights to prevent sweat buildup. Sleep without your underpants to prevent infections. Adopt safe sex practices and avoid having intercourse with multiple partners during your pregnancy. While using toilet paper, wipe from front to back to avoid infections from anal bacteria to spread to the vagina. Avoid frequently douching the vagina in an attempt o clean it. This may worsen the infection. #2. Yeast Infection A yeast infection is commonly seen during the second trimester of pregnancy. It features an overgrowth of the naturally existing vaginal fungus – Candida. Causes: A spike in the levels of progesterone and estrogen in your body cause yeast infections during pregnancy. This hormonal imbalance disrupts your vaginal pH, thus, causing fungal infections. An antibiotic or steroid treatment during pregnancy may also cause a yeast infection. Some other causes include – excessive douching, having intercourse, having STD, or diabetes.   Symptoms: Burning pain while passing urine or during intercourse Appearance of whitish brown discharge from the vagina that looks like cottage cheese. Yeast like foul smell from discharge Inflammation, irritation, and redness in the labia and vulva. Diagnosis: Your doctor can easily diagnose a yeast infection upon a vaginal examination. To further confirm the possibility she may take a swab sample of the discharge and check it under the microscope or send it to a lab for further testing and conclusive results. Treatment: A yeast infection can be treated using an anti-fungal cream prescribed by your doctor. The cream must be applied to the infected area as suggested on a regular basis. You may alternatively be prescribed an oral anti-fungal medication or an ovule to insert in the vagina.  Points to remember: If undetected or untreated yeast infections get transferred to the baby at the time of delivery. They infect the baby’s mouth in the form of an oral condition called thrush. What you can do: In addition to the above mentioned tips you must - Reduce your intake of sugar as it is inflammatory and may worsen the fungal infection. Add complex carbohydrates to your diet to improve your digestion and immunity. Eat yogurt. It is probiotic and helps improve the gut and vaginal pH. #3. Trichomoniasis This vaginal infection results from a parasitic protozoan microbe known as the Trichomonas vaginalis. Causes: A pregnant woman may contact this infection from a sexual encounter with an infected partner. The disease also spreads through infected pool water, towels, or toilet seats. Symptoms: Yellow/white/clear discharge from the vagina Fish-like foul smelling discharge Redness, inflammation, and irritation in the vaginal area Pain while passing urine Diagnosis: Besides identifying the evident symptoms, your doctor can diagnose Trichomoniasis by taking a swab sample of the vaginal discharge. This can either be studied under the microscope to visually identify the parasite or can be sent for a lab culture to get a confirmed result. Alternatively, a urine test may also reveal Trichomoniasis infection. Treatment: Trichomoniasis is treated with a course of oral antibiotics. Make sure to take only prescribed drugs in recommended dosage only so that your baby is not harmed by the medication. Points to remember: If detected and treated timely the Trichomoniasis infection can be completely cured. It is one of the most easily curable vaginal infections. What you can do: In addition to the above mentioned precautions related to proper hygiene and safe sex practices, one must avoid using swimming pools, shared bath towels, and public toilets during pregnancy.

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Urinary Tract Infection During Pregnancy: Symptoms & Prevention

A urinary tract infection (UTI), also called bladder infection, is a bacterial inflammation in the urinary tract. Pregnant women are at increased risk for UTI’s starting in week 6 through week 24. Why are UTI’s more common during pregnancy? UTI’s are more common during pregnancy because of changes in the urinary tract. The uterus sits directly on top of the bladder. As the uterus grows, its increased weight can block the drainage of urine from the bladder, causing an infection. What are the signs and symptoms of UTI’s? If you have a urinary tract infection, you may experience one or more of the following symptoms: Pain or burning (discomfort) when urinating The need to urinate more often than usual A feeling of urgency when you urinate Blood or mucus in the urine Cramps or pain in the lower abdomen Pain during sexual intercourse Chills, fever, sweats, leaking of urine (incontinence) Waking up from sleep to urinate Change in amount of urine, either more or less Urine that looks cloudy, smells foul or unusually strong Pain, pressure, or tenderness in the area of the bladder When bacteria spreads to the kidneys you may experience: back pain, chills, fever, nausea, and vomiting. How will the UTI affect my baby? If the UTI goes untreated, it may lead to a kidney infection. Kidney infections may cause early labor and low birth weight. If your doctor treats a urinary tract infection early and properly, the UTI will not cause harm to your baby. How do I know if I have a UTI? A urinalysis and a urine culture can detect a UTI throughout pregnancy. How is a Urinary Tract Infection During Pregnancy treated? UTI’s can be safely treated with antibiotics during pregnancy. Urinary tract infections are most commonly treated by antibiotics. Doctors usually prescribe a 3-7 day course of antibiotics that is safe for you and the baby. Call your doctor if you have fever, chills, lower stomach pains, nausea, vomiting, contractions, or if after taking medicine for three days, you still have a burning feeling when you urinate. How can I prevent a UTI? You may do everything right and still experience a urinary tract infection, but you can reduce the likelihood by doing the following: Drink 6-8 glasses of water each day and unsweetened cranberry juice regularly. Eliminate refined foods, fruit juices, caffeine, alcohol, and sugar. Take Vitamin C (250 to 500 mg), Beta-carotene (25,000 to 50,000 IU per day) and Zinc (30-50 mg per day) to help fight infection. Develop a habit of urinating as soon as the need is felt and empty your bladder completely when you urinate. Urinate before and after intercourse. Avoid intercourse while you are being treated for an UTI. After urinating, blot dry (do not rub), and keep your genital area clean. Make sure you wipe from the front toward the back. Avoid using strong soaps, douches, antiseptic creams, feminine hygiene sprays, and powders. Change underwear and pantyhose every day. Avoid wearing tight-fitting pants. Wear all cotton or cotton-crotch underwear and pantyhose. Don’t soak in the bathtub longer than 30 minutes or more than twice a day. content source

Abdominal pain during pregnancy

Abdominal pain during pregnancy can happen quite often and can become very uncomfortable at times. But how do you decide what pain is acceptable and when it indicates something more serious? Here’s everything you need to know about abdominal pain during pregnancy.   Is abdominal pain during pregnancy normal? Abdominal pain is a common occurrence during pregnancy and is normal in a healthy pregnancy. Carrying a baby puts pressure on your muscles, joints, veins. As your baby grows, the uterus tilts to the right which causes pain in the right side. The ligaments on both sides of your body grow to accommodate your growing baby so you may feel pain on both sides of the stomach. Having sex may sometimes trigger abdominal pain and cramping, especially during the third trimester. It might be a good idea to keep the sex soft at this time.   How to deal with normal abdominal pain during pregnancy? Getting some rest is the best way to deal with the cramps. Other methods include sitting down with your feet up, lying on the side opposite to the one which hurts, taking a warm bath, and using a hot water bottle or a heated wheat bag on the area which hurts. When can abdominal pain mean something more? Abdominal pain can be an indicator of something more under the following circumstances.   Abdominal pain unrelated to pregnancy This could be gas, bloating, UTI, kidney stones or even appendicitis. You should contact your doctor if the pain is accompanied by pain or burning when you pee, spotting or bleeding, vomiting, unusual vaginal discharge, tenderness and pain, chills and fever.   Abdominal pain during an early miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy If abdominal pain is accompanied by bleeding in your first trimester it could be an early miscarriage. You may also have painful cramping and dark, watery blood if you have an ectopic pregnancy in your first trimester. In either case, it’s best to go to the doctor immediately.   Abdominal pain during a late miscarriage Abdominal pain in the second trimester is usually nothing to worry about. In rare cases, it may indicate a late miscarriage only if it’s accompanied by bleeding. It usually occurs between 12 and 24 weeks.   Abdominal pain in the third trimester Severe abdominal pain in the third trimester could be an indicator of premature labour. In this case, you would feel pain in your pelvic or lower tummy area, backache, mild tummy cramps and diarrhoea. You may even have your water breaking, and regular contractions, or uterus tightening. This may happen between 24 weeks and 37 weeks of pregnancy and your doctor should be consulted immediately.    

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I m 12 week pregnant nd muje har 15 min bad bathroom jana pr rha hai ..is it normal?

Gudmrng moms actually mje aj mrng se white discharge bht ho rha h means penty wet ho gyi h so ye amniotic fluid h kya pls help me mje ND mri MIL ko stress ho gya h bht czn phle b mje complications aa chuki h pregnancy me abi sb normal hua h ND this is my 7 mnth running plss help me

11 Safe Herbs That Pregnant Women Can Consume

Here is a list of safe and healthy herbs women should include in their diet during pregnancy. 1. Dandelion Dandelion is famous for its body balancing properties. It avoids water retention, regulates blood flow and has anti-inflammatory properties that avoid bloating and swellings. It is recommended that no more than a cup of dandelion tea or a half teaspoon of dandelion is consumed per day. 2. Eucalyptus Eucalyptus is commonly a great cure for the common cold. Using it in a steam bath ensures all your pores are open and clear of toxins. A drop of the same essential oil on your forehead can help alleviate migraines and headaches. A drop on sore muscles can ease low-level muscle pain as well. As with any herb use eucalyptus in small and controlled quantities based on your doctor’s recommendations. 3. Cranberry Cranberries are magnificent for urinary health – a common problem for pregnant women. Eating a handful of cranberries increases the body’s hydration, fills it up with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that are essential for body functions. Drinking a cup of cranberry juice is also a great way of clearing your body of UTI or urinary tract infections. 4. Chamomile Chamomile is possibly the most famous type of tea for the anxious and stressed. This is because chamomile is rich in antioxidants and has body relaxing properties. It helps pregnant women manage their stress levels and anxiety. Chamomile also helps relax the joints, lower back, and muscles, all of which are under immense strain during pregnancy. An additional boost to chamomile consumption during your pregnancy is that it regulates blood pressure and blood flow. Make sure you don’t consume more than a cup of chamomile tea during your pregnancy. 5. Red Raspberry Leaf The red raspberry leaf is full of iron, zinc and other essential minerals. This amazing herb alleviates labor pains by reducing inflammation, improving the overall red blood cell count of your body, improving blood circulation and managing blood pressure. It also has vitamins that help maintain your body’s chemical balance, reduce nausea and it is recommended for women suffering from anemia during pregnancy. 6. Tulsi Tulsi is a natural antiseptic that has anti-inflammatory properties, anti-oxidants, healthy minerals like iron and is a natural digestive aid. This herb helps combat anemia, the common cold, infections, swelling, bloating, water retention and helps digestion amongst its endless benefits. Eating a handful of tulsi leaves is considered extremely healthy, but you shouldn’t overdo it. 7. Mint Mint helps combat anemia, keeps your blood pressure in check, eases digestion, helps combat nausea and has anti-inflammatory properties. You can talk to your doctor about the quantity of mint permissible during pregnancy. 8. Lavender Amongst the major hurdles of pregnancy, anxiety, muscle tension, stress, and headaches are some of the hardest issues to deal with. Lavender is a herb that helps combat all these ailments and more. Drink a glass of lavender tea or sleep with lavender essential oil burning in a diffuser or take a sniff of lavender per day to help you relax and breathe better. Lavender has so many benefits to the anxious amongst us that almost 9/10 psychologists recommend it to those who have anxiety disorders. 9. Ginger Apart from having anti-inflammatory properties, immune system boosting minerals and vitamins, the ginger root is also great for beating sore-throats, the common cold, fever and bloating. It also helps with easing water retention and keeps infections at bay. Discuss with your doctor about the benefits of ginger during pregnancy to get a more in-depth idea of this herb. 10. Garlic Like with ginger, garlic has become a great root for its immense health benefits. It is rich in many minerals and vitamins that help keep infections at bay. Garlic also increases your immune system and helps reduce bloating. It also helps regulate blood flow throughout your body, helps digestion, keeps your blood sugar in check and improves your blood pressure. Eating moderate amounts of garlic per meal is beneficial for women who are pregnant because of these reasons. 11. Turmeric Turmeric is known to help blood clot faster, increase healthy blood circulation and improve your body’s energy levels too. This root herb is such a strong antiseptic in fact that some Asian countries use it on open wounds to keep infections at bay. Content Source Featured Image Source