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POSTED WHEN 35 WEEKS PREGNANT

A healthy meal plan for your 2-year-old

It is very vital to have your baby's meal plan chalked out to avoid last-minute confusion on what to make. The meal plan needs to have healthy options so that your baby grows the right way during his initial years. A good meal plan will also help you in avoiding unnecessary junk consumption by your baby. Food options available are unending and in such a scenario, it becomes absolutely difficult to draw a plan for your baby! Here’s some help...

Must have elements in your baby's diet:

A few nutrition boosters are necessary for your baby and, hence, must be incorporated into their routine. Here is a list!

  • Dairy products: Milk, curd, paneer, yogurt need to be an irreplaceable part in your child's meal plan!

  • Healthy Oils: Walnuts, flaxseeds, soybeans, and other nuts are rich in minerals and Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs).

  • Vitamin A: Carrots, Kale, and Spinach

  • Citrus Fruits: Lemons, oranges, guavas, mangoes, bananas and tomatoes.

  • VItamin D: Loads of sunshine

Here is a mock meal plan that you can follow for your 2-year-old:

Monday:

Breakfast

  • Oats Meal/Oats upma with ghee

  • A glass of milk

Mid-morning

  • Half cup of watermelon pieces(deseeded)

Lunch

  • Kadhi(yellow or white)

  • Cabbage sabzi

  • Rotis

  • Curd

Evening Snack

  • Boiled corn with salt and butter

Dinner

  • Moong dal khichdi

  • Raita

Tuesday:

Breakfast

  • Idli, chutney and Sambhar

Mid-morning

  • A glass of milk

Lunch

  • Aalu paratha

  • Curd

Evening Snack

  • Any seasonal fruit (1 cup)

Dinner

  • Soya Curry

  • Chapati/rice

Wednesday:

Breakfast

  • Ragi dosa

  • A glass of Buttermilk

Mid-morning

  • Any vegetable soup

Lunch

  • Okra sabzi

  • Moong dal

  • Roti

  • White rice

Evening Snack

  • A glass of milk

Dinner

  • Peas sabzi

  • Small Coin Parathas

Thursday:

Breakfast

  • Toast Sandwich

  • A glass of milk

Mid-morning

  • A bowl of mixed fruits

Lunch

  • Rajma curry

  • Potato sabzi(dry)

  • Paratha

  • Curd

Evening Snack

  • Paneer/Aalu cutlet

  • Fresh fruit juice

Dinner

  • Pav Bhaji

Friday:

10Comments

MOTHER

Top 5 working ways to prevent Diabetes in young children 

All parents want to protect their kids from as many ailments as possible. Still, it’s so easy to overlook your child’s state of intruding on one of the life-threatening diseases i.e., Diabetes. As we all are aware that Diabetes is a disease that can affect various organs of the body like the eyes, heart, kidney, feet, and nerves because of the presence of an excess of sugar in the blood. People who are diagnosed with diabetes are either unable to produce insulin or the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas doesn’t work as it should. Earlier diabetes used to occur only in adults but now-a-days due to obesity and sedentary lifestyle diabetes is commonly found in kids and teens. It gets tougher to protect your child when Diabetes is already in the family history. Being a parent, you can help, guide, and support your child so that he/she may never get Diabetes. Here are some important ways to prevent diabetes in young children:

  • Mealtime makeover- Always offer sensible portion size to your munchkin. Encourage your child to eat nutrient-rich foods like lean proteins, fresh fruits, seasonal vegetables, dried fruits, nuts, seeds, low-fat dairy products, whole-grain cereals, and slices of bread. Serve at least 5 healthy small meals to your child. Instead of deep-frying the food items you must prefer steaming, grilling, boiling, and roasting. Avoid offering junk foods, processed foods, sugary and oily foods to your child.

  • Getting physical- Instead of wasting hours sitting in front of the television, laptop, or tablet, you must make sure your child is indulging in some sport or some physical activity. You can ask your child to take the pet out for a walk. Encourage your child to help you in daily chores like gardening, vacuuming, and arranging the table for the meal. No matter how hectic the day is you should not compromise on your child’s physical activity session. Try new things and make physical activities more fun.

  • Activity choices- Limit the visits to fast-food restaurants. Encourage your child to go for regular medical checkups. Connect with a certified nutritionist/dietician to create a healthy balanced meal plan for your child. Do not let your child sit in one place for too long. Plan active outings with family instead of going to cinema halls. Arrange parent and kid fitness classes together. Ask your child to join you for grocery shopping and lift some light bags. Calm your child and guide him/her on how to undergo a blood glucose level checkup.

  • Maintain a moderate body weight- If your child is obese or overweight, losing weight can automatically reduce the risk of diabetes in him/her. Ask your child to keep television, smartphones away from the dining table. Do not let your child drink aerated beverages or packaged juices as they are harmful to your child’s fragile digestive system.

  • Plenty of fluids- Along with water you must encourage your child to drink buttermilk, fresh fruit juices and avoid sugary drinks. Avoid drinking anything along with the meals as that slows the metabolism.

0Comments

MOTHER OF 7 MONTHS

Are TV and screen time wrong for my toddler? 

We are living in the primetime of technology. The internet and media are some of the best sources of learning, and they also manage to keep your toddler hooked with fascination. But along with knowledge, maintaining a balance is vital for a healthy lifestyle!

About the effects of screen time

Screen time refers to the amount of time you spend optimizing your gadgets. Excessive screen time has many side effects; some of them are -

  • Content genres

It is not possible to constantly monitor the content shown on a toddler’s device. This creates the possibility of wrong genres like violence being suggested, and this kind of content can be really harmful to a toddler's mental growth.

  • Sedentary lifestyle

Gadgets are always used in passive mode. If your child uses devices for a long time, they can get addicted to them and may want to stop playing physical games or activities.

  • Radiation

Any electronic device has radiation that is not suitable for the human body. A toddler's body is even more vulnerable to this radiation, and thus, various physical problems may arise.

  • Eye damage

High brightness, continuous hours of staring at a screen can sure damage the young eyes of your toddler. This may result in a bad prescription for glasses.

  • Addiction

The videos, applications, games, etc., available on devices can be fascinating for a toddler. This fascination can quickly escalate into addiction and the refusal to keep a device away.

  • Bad social life

While growing up, a toddler learns how to make friends and mingle with people so they can do the same when they are an adult. But this stage can be skipped or spoiled because of excessive screen time.

  • Other learning methods

Over time due to device addiction, children might start finding other learning methods unappealing or unpleasant. Reading books, doing actual experiments, etc., may seem pointless to them.

  • Poor family relationships

Toddlers may experience disconnection from their surroundings due to indulging too much in devices. This may affect their bonding with their family members for the worse.

  • Sleep deprivation

If your child gets addicted to screen, it may result in a reduction in their sleep time. This is extremely bad for your toddler because your baby needs a good amount of sleep as these are their primary years.

  • Low IQ

Radiations of mobile phones and other devices are harmful. This radiation can physically damage and stop the brain development of the child.

So, in a nutshell, screen time and televisions are indeed bad for toddlers if they are allowed to use them unsupervised. A toddler's day should be balanced with playing, bonding, eating, sleeping, and learning. The methods used to complete these activities should be decided by the parents after researching them. A healthy childhood goes a long way in a toddler's life!

0Comments

MOTHER OF 7 MONTHS

How to include dates in your toddler's diet? 

Dates are high in energy and a fantastic meal to introduce to your child's diet when they first start eating. They contain iron, calcium, sodium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, and zinc. Additionally, they are rich in vitamin B6, B12, thiamin, and riboflavin.

In addition, dates are a good source of sugar and fiber, and they also include simple sugars such as fructose and dextrose, which are known to boost energy instantly.

It becomes vital for you to ensure a well-balanced diet for your little one. Dates can be a great addition to your toddler's diet, and you can start as early as six months or whenever your child has begun solid or semi-solid food.

Benefits of dates for children
Benefits of dates are many, few are mentioned below:

  • Helps in the development of the brain.

  • Prevents indigestion.

  • Protects liver.

  • It acts as a remedy for gastric ulcers.

  • Strengthens the teeth.

  • Provides nourishment during smallpox and fever.

  • It is a remedy for dysentery.

  • It improves the levels of hemoglobin in your baby's blood.

How to make dates a part of your baby's diet?

Dates should be given either steamed or boiled if your baby doesn't have the teeth to chew them. Here are a few recipes you can try!

Date puree

  • Soak the dates overnight.

  • Strain the water and keep the water aside.

  • Using a blender or mixer, puree the dates.

  • Now, add the soaked water to the puree so that the date paste becomes thick!

Dates juice

  • Soak dates in hot water for 30 minutes.

  • After the dates have soaked, drain the water and keep it aside.

  • In a high-speed blender, add filtered water and lemon juice and blend it for a minute.

Dates and Rice Porridge

  • After soaking a cup of dried and fresh dates for an hour, blend it by adding some water.

  • Now, add 2 cups of cooked rice with some more water and blend it. The consistency of the porridge can be adjusted according to your baby's choice.

Dried dates and banana puree

  • Take 1/3rd cup of dried dates and soak them in water overnight or for 4-5 hours.

  • In the mixer, add dates, water, and one chopped banana.

  • Blend the mixture to form a thin puree.

Apart from the above recipes, dates can also be served in the following ways:

  1. Add milk to dates soaked in warm water for a couple of hours. Blend them to make a dates milkshake.

  1. You can also bake date muffins for your little one.

  1. You can also make a smoothie or use it as a topping for yogurt.

0Comments

MOTHER OF 7 MONTHS

Toddler teething: How can I soothe my toddler's gums? 

Teething is the process where teeth emerge from their gum line. Also known as Odontiasis, this whole process can be a painful one for your toddler. Teething in kids usually starts between 5-7 months but for some kids, can begin a little later. However, there's nothing to stress about if your baby's teething milestone is a little different from the others! Each child has their own pace and speed.

Some usual symptoms of teething in your baby are:

  • Fever.

  • Irritability and crankiness.

  • Swollen and tender gums.

  • Rubbing cheeks or pulling their ear.

  • Trying to bite anything and everything.

  • Changes in sleeping and eating cycle.

These are common symptoms but if your baby begins to exhibit diarrhoea, vomiting, rashes all over their body or extremely high temperatures, call a doctor immediately.

At a time when your child is in pain, there's nothing more you want to do than making their pain go away. Since teething is a natural process, you can't really stop the pain altogether, but you can try and ease it a bit. How? Here are a few suggestions:

  1. Give your baby teething toys but make sure that they're completely washed and sanitized.

  1. Give your baby something cold to chew on and eat like cucumber, carrot, banana- straight out of the fridge. Stay with your baby while they're trying to bite and eat these things so that they don't swallow and choke on big pieces.

  1. Anything cold like a cold pacifier, a clean wet muslin cloth, or hard teething rings may help your child relax a little.

  1. Use your clean finger to massage your baby's aching gums.

  1. Try immersing your fingers in cold water and massage your baby's gums before each feed. That may deter them from biting your nipple.

  1. Refrain from using teething gels as there is no real evidence that they can provide relief to your child. If you still want to use it, consult a pediatrician and take their opinion.

  1. If you choose to go the homeopathy route, choose a good and a certified doctor.

  1. There are certain teething granules available that may provide some relief when put into your toddler's mouth.

  1. A teething necklace whose pendant is made up of 5 metals in certain quantities is usually tied around a child's neck, arm, or legs. This has no scientific evidence of giving any relief, but traditional moms swear by it.

  1. Lastly, if your baby is under excruciating pain and the pain becomes intolerable, you can give them the prescribed dose of toddler paracetamol.

0Comments

MOTHER OF 7 MONTHS

Essential tips to transition baby from potty to toilet

Once you have crossed the hurdle of potty training your baby, you can probably relax for a while until your toddler starts showing signs that he is ready to take the next leap, that is, do poop and peep the adult way! Even if your child does not show signs, it becomes important for you to transition your toddler from potty to toilet as they grow a little older. This is because they have a preschool to attend, traveling and running errands becomes easier, and of course, your job of cleaning the mess reduces! So, how exactly should you teach your baby to ditch their favorite potty seat and move to the toilet? Here are a few steps to help you from the beginning until the end:

Take it slow

You don't have to master the transition in a day. Take it slow and wait for your baby to pick up. If your child is habituated to using the potty seat in spaces other than bathrooms, you need to take this process to the bathroom first. Once your baby is used to using the potty chair in the bathroom, you can slowly start teaching them how to sit and use the toilet seat.

If you don't show, how will they know?

Toilet training becomes easier when you come out as an example to your kids. Teach both girls and boys to use the toilet in a sitting fashion. Show them how to remove their pants, sit on the seat, wipe, flush, and then wash their hands. After mastering how to defecate sitting down, boys can learn how to pee standing up.

Follow a routine
Sit your toddler on the toilet at the same time every day, such as after dinner or before bed. The routine of going to the toilet at the proper time will aid them even if they don't go.

Read toilet-training books

There are many books available that talk about how interesting characters pee and poop! Learning through fun and books has a better impact on children.

Let your toddler decide.

Let your toddler determine when they are ready to graduate from potty chair to toilet. Allowing your toddler to pick between the potty chair and the big toilet is a terrific approach to offer them more control over their potty training.

Make the toilet kid-friendly.

Your toddler may struggle to use the toilet since it is often larger and higher than the potty seat they are used to. Get a step stool to put in front of the toilet. This will make it easier for your baby to get on the potty.

Reward them

Toilet training can be difficult for toddlers. Support, affection, and stickers can help children make the huge jump to using a grown-up toilet. A toilet training chart can help. Give them a sticker for every potty visit. If they have older siblings, encourage them to congratulate their younger siblings whenever they use the bathroom.

0Comments

MOTHER OF 7 MONTHS

Can watching mythological shows harm my child? 

Contrary to popular belief that watching shows which picturize Gods and mythology instill good values in children, it isn't as accurate. Such shows also have violent scenes which only harm your baby's innocence. It is best to keep your child away from such shows as children subconsciously follow what they see.

Following are the effects your baby may have if they are watching anything violent on the screen, be it mythological shows or just regular cartoon shows.

  • Any form of violence that your baby comes across will only make them believe that violence is normal, which will only negatively impact your child.

  • Your child is too innocent at this point. They do what they see because they don't understand the content and the context in which violence is shown.

  • In mythological shows, there are many deaths, wars, and battles which is definitely not a good sight to watch for your little one.

  • Also, the sound effects have quite an impact on your little one. Screams, body damage, the sound of punches, cries, etc., are too much for your baby to take. This may scare your baby internally, and they may even start dreaming about it!

What can you do?

As a parent, there is a lot you can do to save your child from unnecessary habits. Here are a few tips:

  1. Honestly, do not expose your child to any form of screen. If you have to, make sure that the time is limited.

  1. Keep an eye on your baby when they are watching something. Choose programs that are appropriate for your baby's age and grasping power.

  1. Before showing anything to your baby, it's recommended that you watch it first, and then, if you find it good enough, you and your child can watch it together!

  1. Instead of showing mythological serials or movies, even if it's in a cartoon, read out storybooks about the same. That will have a better impact on your child.

  1. You can get mythological audio CDs that are as per your child's age.

  1. Mythological shows are not the only way of keeping your child in touch with your culture. You can always sing devotional songs to your baby and explain the meaning of the song too.

  1. Last but not least, make sure that the rule you make is followed by everybody in the house. If different people in the family have different approaches towards the same thing, your child will get confused and do the opposite!

0Comments

MOTHER OF 7 MONTHS

Is your child's future secure? Find the best reasons for choosing Bharti AXA Life Shining Stars Plan to give them stress-free life.  

Bharti AXA life insurance is one of India's leading life insurance companies that always launch different premium plans for their customers to lead stress-free lives. Recently the company has launched the Bharti AXA shining star plan for kids. The benefit of this plan is that it provides parents flexibility to choose between the maturities payouts: Annual and Flexi payout.

Furthermore, this plan allows the parents to get life cover protection for their family and children from various financial disabilities. If you are planning to invest in your children's future, then Bharti AXA shining star is a perfect plan you should look into.

Here, we are sharing some major reasons to buy this plan immediately.

  1. Offers flexibility: You will get nine combinations of policy terms and premium payment options under the policy. It is perfect for a single child.

  1. Flexibility to choose between two payout methods: This plan offers you flexible payout options such a Flexi and annual payout. Further, the payout options can be modified as per the requirements of children. You can choose to receive the payout at the end of the year during the maturity period.

  1. Benefits after the death: With this plan, your children's future is in safe hands if you are not alive. In such a case, no premiums are to be paid. The maturity benefits shall continue to be payable at the time of maturity.

  1. Taxation benefits: You can avail the benefits of taxation over your policy. However, tax benefits can change as per the change in tax policy.

Bharti AXA shining Star Plan specifications:

  • Buy age- minimum 18 - maximum 60 years.

  • Payout options: Flexi and annual

  • Death Benefits: Available with 105% of all premiums paid on the date of death.

  • Tax benefits- available only on premium plans

Payouts Details

  • Get 105% Flexi payout at one year after the maturity

  • Get 110% after the two years maturity

  • Get 116% after three years of maturity

  • Get 122% after the four years of maturity

The Bottom Line

So, you can see and calculate how much the Bharti AXA Shining star plan is beneficial for you and your children. In a nutshell, it is a true way to keep your future secure even after your death or any unfortunate condition that happens to you.

0Comments

MOTHER

What to do if toddler hates bathtime?

If your toddler has developed a fear of baths, it's important that you try to accept it. As irrational as the fear may seem to you as an adult, it's only too real for your toddler.

Small children can't think logically yet, so explaining that baths are safe is unlikely to stop her being scared of them. While you know that a bath would do her more good than harm, she may not believe it!

Fortunately, toddlers' fears often disappear as quickly as they arrive. Here are a few things you can try:

Make your bathroom toddler-friendly
You may want to put up a picture or a sticker of something she loves on your bathroom wall. You could replace your buckets and shower curtain with more colourful options or get something with her favourite cartoon characters. This may help make the bathroom a lot more inviting for her.

Change the way you bathe her
If you have been giving her bath using a mug and bucket, try using a shower instead. You may find that she's happy to have a shower, especially if you join her.

Many toddlers don't like getting water or soap on their face so adjust the shower head accordingly. You could let the water fall on her back first and then slowly encourage her to go completely under the shower. When using a hand shower, hold the shower head below her shoulder height. In the long run, take a gradual approach to get her used to water.

On the other hand, if she has been using the shower, switch to a bucket and mug bath. Many toddlers love pouring water in and out of the bucket. Slowly encourage her to pour the water on her feet while you handle other parts of her body. If you prefer, let her sit on a plastic stool while you bathe her.

Play games
Your toddler may be more inclined to give bathtime a go if you turn it into a game. Singing songs about water can help lighten the mood, and bath toys or stickers make a great distraction for a worried toddler.

You could ask her to give her favourite doll a bath while you wash her. Most children enjoy role-playing, and this may well be a good way to explain the importance of staying clean and maintaining good hygiene habits.

You can also help matters by having lots of water-based fun that's nothing to do with having a bath. If she still loves to go swimming, or likes splashing in a paddling pool, she'll soon come back to bathing.

If you're concerned that your toddler's fears seem to be overwhelming her, or if she doesn't get more confident with time, talk to your doctor. She'll be happy to reassure you.

It may be that your toddler's fine with baths until you get the shampoo out. If so, read our tips on toddler hair-washing.

9Comments

POSTED WHEN MOTHER OF 1 YEAR

How to transition toddler from potty to toilet?

Like many toddlers your child may prefer to use a potty instead of a toilet. That's because a potty may be easier for him to sit on, as it's the right size for him. Or he may be frightened of sitting on the toilet in case he falls in.

You can help encourage him to use the toilet when he's ready by making sure the toilet is comfortable and easy for him to use. Keep the following in mind:

  • Have a footrest ready. A box, stool or footstep will help him climb up and stop him from settling on the edge of the seat.
  • Choose a steady training seat. Some designs are a bit wobbly and no more comfortable than sitting on the proper seat. If not installed correctly, some may pinch your child’s bottom or thighs.
  • If he doesn't like the training seat, you could try a different one, or see if he'd prefer to sit on the seat without it instead.


For the first few times he uses the big toilet, your child will probably want you nearby but when he gets the hang of it, he might prefer total privacy. Ask him. Let him practise sitting on the loo while he has his clothes on, without the pressure to pee or poo.

If he's scared to sit on the seat, encourage him first to sit on the covered toilet with the seat lid down. Then encourage him to sit with the seat lid raised, but still with his clothes on. Praise and reward him for doing this.

You may find that your child is happier to use the toilet if you distract him while he's on it. Try blowing bubbles, or reading a story, or playing a game.

4Comments

POSTED WHEN TRYING TO CONCEIVE

How to cure ringworm in toddlers

What is ringworm?

Ringworm is a contagious fungal infection of the skin that has nothing to do with worms. It's called ringworm because the infection appears as a rash in a ring or round shape.

It can be itchy, but it's not painful or dangerous. It's the same fungus that causes athlete's foot. It's common in children and usually affects only the body or scalp.

What does a ringworm rash look like?

If your baby has ringworm, she will have a rash of one or several red rings on her chest, stomach, thighs, or back. The rings will be crusty or scaly on the outside and smooth in the middle. They may also feel itchy. As the fungus grows, the rings get larger, ranging in size from a few millimetres to a few centimetres.

Ringworm can also affect your baby's scalp. It usually appears as dandruff or bald patches. It can be dry and crusty, or moist and filled with pus. It is easy to confuse ringworm with dandruff or cradle cap.

See a photo of ringworm in our rashes and skin conditions gallery.

How did my baby get ringworm?

The ringworm fungus would have entered your baby's body through broken skin, such as a cut or scratch, or a patch of eczema. Your baby probably got it from an infected person or pet, or from touching contaminated sheets, towels, toys, or clothes. Your baby could also have got it from infected soil if she was crawling around in the garden or park.

Scalp ringworm is much more likely to have been passed to your baby from another person, from sharing a hairbrush, towels, bed linen, or hat. Shared public facilities, such as swimming pools, public toilets, or changing room showers, are also potential sources of ringworm infection.

How should I treat my baby's ringworm?

For any unusual rash on your baby, start by talking with his doctor. She will decide the best treatment for you baby. This could include:

Antifungal cream
Your baby's ringworm should clear up if you treat it with an antifungal cream, the same type of cream used for athlete's foot. Look for a product with one per cent or two per cent of clotrimazole or miconazole. Ask your paediatrician for advice.

Put a small amount of the cream over and a little bit beyond the infected area twice a day. Carry on treating it for a further one week to two weeks once the rash has cleared. Remember to wash your hands thoroughly afterwards.

Some children are sensitive to these creams, so try using only a little bit of the cream first to see how your baby's skin reacts.

If a rash develops in response to the cream, take your baby to the doctor. Your doctor will suggest alternative creams.

Ringworm should get better with treatment in about four weeks. If your baby's ringworm carries on for longer than this, take her to the doctor.

If your baby has a stubborn case of ringworm, the doctor may prescribe something stronger than the over-the-counter cream. And in some rare cases (rarely), an oral medication is also necessary.

Medicated shampoo and oral antifungal
If your baby has ringworm on her scalp, this can be more difficult to treat using a cream. See your doctor, who will probably prescribe antifungal tablets and a medicated shampoo.

Your child might also develop an area of inflammation, called a kerion, in response to the fungus. It'll appear as a moist, swollen area on the scalp, with pustules (little pimple-like bumps). This will clear up when you treat your toddler's scalp for the ringworm.

It is also important to follow these hygiene measures to help remove the ringworm fungus from around your home:

  • Gently wash and dry the areas of ringworm on your baby's body. Take care with the areas between the toes and skin folds. Wash your hands thoroughly afterwards.
  • Wash your hands after applying antifungal cream or shampoo to your baby's skin.
  • Dress your child appropriately for the weather so that he doesn't overheat and sweat too much.
  • Don't let others (like siblings) share towels, hairbrushes, pillows, clothing, or similar items with your baby.
  • Dress your baby in full-length, loose-fitting cotton clothes that cover her legs and arms. If she's walking, have her wear sandals at pool areas, in locker rooms and when she is playing in the garden or park.
  • Keep your baby's fingernails short to prevent her scratching and spreading the infection to other parts of her body.

You may have heard that there are some herbal remedies for treating ringworm. However, it's best to consult your doctor before starting any other treatment for your baby.

Can ringworm cause any complications for my child?

Occasionally ringworm can spread to another part of your baby's body. If it appears on her scalp, there's a small possibility it could cause slight scarring or hair loss.

Ringworm can sometimes lead to a secondary infection by bacteria or another fungus. Your baby may need antibiotics if she develops another infection. Take your baby to the doctor if your baby develops other rashes or symptoms.

Can I do anything to make sure my baby doesn't get ringworm again?

It's hard to protect your baby from ringworm, but there are a few things you can do to keep it from spreading further:

  • If other family members or anyone caring for your baby shows symptoms, make sure they get treated immediately.
  • Check pets to make sure that they don't have any scaly, hairless patches. If they do, take them to the veterinarian for treatment. Animals can sometimes carry the fungus without showing any signs of it. In fact, it's a good idea to take your pet for a check-up if your baby keeps getting re-infected.
  • Make sure everyone in your household follows good hand hygiene.
  • If your baby has ringworm on her scalp, treat all family members with antifungal shampoo.
  • Wash bedding, towels, and clothes in hot water. If you suspect any hairbrushes, combs or clothes may be infected, throw them away.

Should I keep my baby or toddler away from his daycare, playschool or crèche?

Generally speaking, you don’t need to keep her away from his usual activities. Ask your daycare provider what the centre’s policy is on children attending when they have ringworm. Once your baby has started treatment, it should be no problem, but until then, they may or may not want you to keep her at home.

2Comments

MOTHER

Should we cook food in iron vessels for our kids?

Iron deficiency is a widespread problem throughout the world, especially in children aged 9 to 36 months. Children are particularly prone to iron deficiency anemia due to a low intake of iron-rich foods. Mild to severe iron deficiency is common in children, and it can have a variety of consequences, including failure to thrive, poor academic performance, and recurrent infections. Therefore, it is a common thought to combat iron deficiency by introducing iron-rich food into your baby’s diet. But can iron-rich food itself be enough to keep up with the iron requirements of your baby?

Cook Food In Iron Vessels

The cooking equipment used to prepare the meal significantly impacts the food’s final iron content. Multiple studies have demonstrated that most meals (90 percent) contain considerably more iron when cooked in iron cookware. Another study shows that eating food cooked in iron pots for four months increased the hemoglobin levels in children.

How Can This Help?

When you cook food in iron vessels, the ingredients in the food react with the metal surface. As a result, the iron in the vessel gets secreted into the food, and your food becomes iron-rich.

Cooking in iron vessels has its benefits, but there are a few things that you should know and keep in mind. Here is a list:

  • Do not make cooking in an iron vessel a regular ritual. It is recommended to use iron vessels 2-3 times a week, not more than that.

  • Foods that are sour or acidic may react with the iron, resulting in an unpleasant metallic taste. Prepare tomato-based curries such as kadhi, rasam, sambhar in a stainless-steel pot instead.

  • You can use mild dishwashing detergents to wash the iron vessels. Remember to dry the vessels immediately. Use only non-abrasive kitchen scrubbers and sponges, such as steel wool to clean your kitchen.

  • Apply a thin layer of vegetable oil to the vessel before storing it to keep it from rusting. Maintain a clean and dry environment for the pan, keeping it away from water and other sources of moisture.

  • Water and other liquids aren't meant to be stored in iron vessels because when iron reacts with moisture, rust is formed. If this happens, your drinking water may get contaminated.


What is important to note is that whatever food you cook in the iron vessel should be immediately moved to a glass or enamel dish to avoid food contamination.

16Comments

MOTHER

What to do if my toddler is underweight

Well, we're pretty sure that you'd do anything that it takes to keep your baby healthy and to grow! Mothers always only want to feed their children, almost all the time. If your baby is underweight, it becomes incredibly stressful for you to handle it because you start feeling guilty about whether you are doing your job the right way or not. But before diving into such conclusions, you must be sure whether your baby is actually underweight or not.

When is your child qualified as Underweight?

The doctor will consider your baby's growth pattern and height and weight since your baby was born. All these numbers are then put on a growth chart, and your pediatrician will now tell you whether your baby is growing well or not.

Ways to help your toddler gain weight the healthy way:

Here is a list of some elementary solutions that you can follow to ensure that your toddler gains weight!

  1. Increase the calorie count in the meal

Getting your baby to eat more food when he's already ignoring food isn't ideally the best option. However, what can be done is that you introduce a high-calorie diet that is nutritious as well. This way, your baby gets the proper nutrition and puts on weight as well. Full-fat dairy products like cream cheese, paneer, milk puddings are a few options.

  1. Set a routine for your toddler's mealtime.
    It is best to set a routine for your baby as early in life as possible. This will help you monitor your baby's eating habits and fix a proper timetable for your baby. A routine will also ensure that hunger strikes your child at the right time, and hence, he'd be able to eat correctly at every meal.

  1. Make sure that a relaxed atmosphere is created for your baby.

Today's life has become so hectic that we can't focus on one thing at one point, no matter how much we want. Kids are easily distracted if they find something attractive, like screens. Anything that could divert your child from eating should be kept away. Similarly, if you keep all your work and distractions aside too, it creates a peaceful environment for your baby to concentrate on his food.

  1. Try some weight gain supplements.

On the pediatrician’s advice, some weight gain supplements for your toddler can be a good idea. Vitamin A, C, and D are the most crucial vitamin supplements that your child should be getting at this age.

  1. Healthy Snacks

Don't ban snacks completely. Junk can be prohibited, but instead of junk snacks, healthy options such as granola bars, peanut crackers, etc., can be given to ensure that your child gets attracted to food!

If done the right way, there is nothing in this world that a mother can't do! Making sure that your baby gains weight is just another thing if you'd let it be!

23Comments

MOTHER

Easy & light recipes to feed your sick child

Feeding a child is difficult enough for parents but feeding a sick child might be even harder. Babies and toddlers can be fussy eaters and when they are sick might get even pickier.

Here are a few recipes that are light on the stomach and nutritious for babies over nine months and toddlers and that might go down well when your child is sick.

Hot soup recipes

Vegetable dal soup

Ingredients

  • ½ cup Mung bean (moong dal), cleaned and soaked in water for half an hour
  • 2½ cups filtered water
  • 1 small potato (aloo), peeled and chopped
  • ½ cup of finely chopped vegetables such as carrots (gajar), beans (beens), pumpkin (kadhu), cabbage (bund gobhi)
  • 1-2 cloves chopped garlic (lehsun)
  • Salt and pepper to taste


Method
Pressure cook all ingredients on medium flame for about 4-5 whistles.
Cool and blend the mixture well. Serve warm.

Tomato rasam

Ingredients

  • 3 tomatoes (tamatar)
  • 2 cloves of garlic (lehsun)
  • 2-3 black peppercorns (sabut kali mirch)
  • ½ tsp of cumin (jeera) seeds
  • 1 cup filtered water
  • ½ teaspoon oil
  • Salt to taste


Method
Heat oil and add cumin seeds, peppercorns and garlic. When the cumin seeds start crackling add tomatoes and water. Boil for about 10 minutes.
Remove from flame and allow to cool.
Mash well and strain the mixture to remove tomato skins.
Feed as soup or mixed into well mashed plain rice.

Rice gruel or kanji

Ingredients

  • 2 tablespoons rice
  • 5 cups of filtered water
  • Salt to taste


Method
Roast the rice lightly and then allow to cool. Next, grind the rice to a coarse powder.
Boil the powder in water till well cooked. Add salt before removing from flame.
This can be served as plain gruel water after straining the rice, or along with the rice as a thin porridge.

Paya or Aatu Kaal soup (lamb trotter soup)

Ingredients

  • 3-4 lamb trotter (paya) pieces
  • 1 big onion (pyaaz)
  • 1 tsp fennel (saunf)
  • 1 tsp cumin (jeera) powder
  • 2-3 peppercorns (sabut kali mirch)
  • 2 cloves grated garlic (lehsun)
  • 1 teaspoon grated ginger (adrak)
  • ¼ teaspoon cinnamon (dalchini) powder (optional)
  • 1 whole cardamom (elaichi) (optional)
  • 5 cups of filtered water
  • Salt to taste


Method
Pressure cook all the ingredients together for about 20 minutes on low flame. Remove from the stove after three whistles.
Allow to cool. Strain the mixture to get a clear soup. Serve warm.

Mixed vegetable soup

Ingredients

  • 1 chopped onion (pyaaz)
  • 1 bay leaf (tejpatta)
  • 1 grated carrot (gajar)
  • 1 grated potato (aloo)
  • 1 tomato (tamatar)
  • ½ cup peas (matar)
  • ½ cup chopped beans (beens)
  • 1 clove of garlic (lehsun)
  • ½ tsp grated ginger (adrak)
  • 1 tsp of oil
  • 4 cups of filtered water
  • Salt to taste
  • Pinch of pepper (kaali mirch) powder


Method
Saute the onion, bay leaf, vegetables, ginger and garlic in oil.
Add the water and cook till the vegetables are soft and well done.
Remove the bay leaf and run the mixture through a blender till smooth.
Put it back on the stove, add some salt and a pinch of pepper and cook for a few minutes.
Remove from the flame and allow to cool. Serve warm with soft bread or chapattis.

Note: You can use any seasonal vegetables of your choice.

Clear vegetable soup

Ingredients

  • 1 chopped onion (pyaaz)
  • ¼ cup peas (matar)
  • ¼ cup diced carrot (gajar)
  • ¼ cup diced potato (aloo)
  • ¼ cup chopped cabbage (patta gobhi)
  • ¼ cup beans (beens)
  • ¼ cup chopped tomatoes (tamatar)
  • 4 cups of filtered water
  • Salt to taste
  • Pinch of pepper (kaali mirch)


Method
Pressure cook all ingredients together in water for two whistles.
Strain the mixture and serve clear soup seasoned with salt and pepper.
For a thick soup, blend all the ingredients together once cooked. Serve warm.

Variation: you use any seasonal vegetables of your choice.

Clear chicken soup

Ingredients

  • 100 g boneless chicken, cleaned well
  • 5 cups of filtered water
  • 3-4 cloves chopped garlic (lehsun)
  • ½ teaspoon grated ginger (adrak)
  • 1 onion (pyaaz) finely chopped
  • Salt and pepper to taste


Method
Pressure cook all the ingredients on high flame for about 10 min, and then cook for another 15-20 min on low flame.
Cool and strain the broth and serve as a warm clear soup.

Variation: For a thick filling soup, add 1 small potato (aloo), peeled and chopped or any other seasonal vegetable of your choice. Pressure cook along with the above ingredients. Blend to a thick puree and serve warm.

Light and easy cool drinks

Fruit lassi

Ingredients

  • ½ cup chopped fruit (bananas, pineapple, strawberries or mangoes work best)
  • 1 cup yoghurt/curd
  • ¼ cup boiled and cooled water (optional)


Method
Chop the peeled, washed and de-seeded fruit and blend together with curd.
Do not add any sugar, the fruits have enough flavour and natural sugar.

Tip: If you want a more free flowing lassi add ¼ cup water (boiled and cooled).

Nimbu paani

Ingredients

  • Juice of 1 lemon (nimbu)
  • 1 glass water (filtered or boiled and cooled)
  • 1 tsp sugar
  • Pinch of salt
  • Pinch of chaat masala (optional)
  • a few mint (pudina) leaves (optional)


Method
Add lemon juice to the glass of water. Next, add sugar, chaat masala and salt and stir well. Serve at room temperature.

Variation: Top with crushed mint (pudina) leaves for a refreshing mint flavoured drink.

Plain lassi

Ingredients

  • ½ cup curd
  • 1 glass of boiled cooled water
  • Salt and sugar to taste
  • Chaat masala (optional)
  • A few mint (pudina) leaves


Method
Blend the curd and water to a smooth mixture. Add sugar and salt and run blender for about half a minute. Pour in a glass and serve at room temperature.

Variation: For a salty version, don't add the sugar. Season with a pinch of ground cumin (jeera) or chaat masala and top with a few crushed mint (pudina) leaves

Light solid foods

Moong dal khichdi

Ingredients

  • ½ cup rice
  • ¼ cup Mung bean (moong dal)
  • ¼ tsp turmeric (haldi)
  • 2-3 cloves chopped garlic (lehsun)
  • ¼ tsp cumin seeds (jeera)
  • 1 tsp oil
  • 3 cups filtered water
  • Salt to taste


Method
Mix the moong dal and rice and then soak together in water for about 15 minutes.
Heat oil in a pressure cooker and add cumin seeds. When the cumin seeds splatter add chopped garlic to the tempering.
Add the dal and rice and fry together for one minute on low flame.
Add water, salt and haldi and pressure cook on low flame for 15 minutes.
Cool the khichdi. Serve warm with plain curd or raita.

Note: If the khichdi is too thick, you can add a few teaspoons of filtered water to make it runny or semi-solid.

Scrambled eggs

Ingredients

  • 1 egg (well beaten)
  • ½ tsp oil or butter
  • 2-3 tablespoons milk
  • Salt to taste
  • a pinch of pepper
  • 1 slice of soft bread
  • 1 teaspoon grated cheese (optional)


Method
Heat half a teaspoon of oil/butter in a pan.
Pour in the well beaten egg. Slowly add the milk to the eggs.
Keep stirring and cook till the eggs are soft and fluffy.
Sprinkle grated cheese over the eggs.
Season with salt and pepper and serve with soft bread or toast.

Boiled potato salad

Ingredients

  • 2 boiled potatoes (aloo) chopped into small pieces
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • Chaat masala optional
  • 1 tsp lemon (nimbu) juice
  • 1 tsp chopped coriander (dhaniya)


Method
Take a large bowl and add chopped potatoes. Sprinkle the salt, chaat masala, pepper and lemon juice and mix well. Top the salad with freshly chopped coriander. Serve chilled or at room temperature.

Variation: You could also roast the potatoes lightly in the oven or on the gas before making the salad.

Plain suji upma

Ingredients

  • ¼ cup semolina (suji)
  • ¼ tsp mustard (rai) seeds for seasoning
  • ¼ tsp oil
  • 1-2 cups filtered water
  • Salt to taste


Method
Dry roast the suji in a clean pan till it turns golden brown. Keep stirring constantly to avoid burning.
In a separate pan add oil and rai seeds. When the seeds splutter add the suji and salt.
Add water and bring to a boil.
Cook the mixture on a low flame till the time suji grains absorb all the water.

Tip: To make upma of pouring consistency add more water.

Vegetable suji upma

Ingredients

  • ¼ cup semolina (suji)
  • ¼ tsp mustard (rai) seeds for seasoning
  • 1-2 cups filtered water
  • 1 tsp butter or ghee
  • ½ cup steamed finely chopped/diced vegetables of your choice
  • Salt to taste
  • Curry leaves (kadhi patta) for seasoning


Method
Dry roast the suji in a clean dry pan till it turns golden brown.
Keep stirring constantly to avoid burning. Keep aside.
In a separate pan add about 1 tsp of butter/ghee.
When the butter/ghee melts, add vegetables and fry. Add water and suji.
Cook the mixture on a low flame till the time suji grains absorb all the water.
Keep stirring so that lumps do not form. Serve after checking the temperature of the food.

Note: If you want suji upma to be of pouring consistency, then don’t let the water dry completely. If you want the upma to be thicker and creamier, then let the water be absorbed completely.

Vegetable Sago (sabudana) khichdi

Ingredients

  • 2 tablespoons sago (sabudana)
  • 1 cup filtered water
  • ¼ tsp cumin (jeera) seeds
  • Steamed finely chopped/diced vegetables
  • ¼ tsp lemon juice (optional)
  • Salt to taste


Method
Wash and soak the sabudana in 1 cup of water till the time it doubles in size and the grains become soft.
Heat oil/ghee in a pan and add few cumin (jeera) seeds.
When the seeds start crackling add the steamed vegetables and stir well.
Next, add sabudana and mix gently. Sprinkle some lemon juice over it (optional) and serve.

Other options

  • Cornflakes with warm milk
  • Boiled potatoes mashed well with a little milk and salt
  • Bread or biscuits dipped in warm milk
  • Mashed bananas
  • Oatmeal porridge
  • Dalia porridge without milk
  • Stewed apples
  • Baked vegetables
20Comments

MOTHER

7 easy ways to cheer up your child

If it were in your power, you would never let your child shed a single tear. However, there are times when situations get out of hand, and your baby gets upset. The best thing with kids is that they never hold on to emotions. They could be sad and crying one moment and start laughing and jumping the next. So how do you change a sad baby to a happy one? Here are a few easy steps for you to make your child happy in no time!

  1. Try to distract your baby.

One of the best things you can do is make your baby forget the reason behind crying and being upset. When your baby is upset, just start talking to your kid about any damn incident or person or even animals. Make sure that the story is an interesting one!

  1. Sing and dance

You could just hug your child and sing their favorite song, lullaby or even a devotional song! If your baby is fond of dancing on some beats, play the music and start dancing both of you!

  1. Take your baby outdoors.

If your baby is sad and just not listening to you, offer to take them outdoors. You could just go for a walk or just to a park, even! Your baby will get distracted looking at different things around and will turn into a happy, normal child.

  1. Drop everything and pay attention.

One of the most important things that we often fail to do is keep calm and ask our baby what went wrong! Be close to your baby and make them comfortable enough to share their worries with you!

  1. Act funny and make your baby laugh.

This is one of the best ways to get your baby to laugh instantly. You can choose to act like a clown, play a fun game or just make funny faces. We bet that your baby can't just resist laughing out loud!

  1. Try bubbles

Bubbles are instant mood rectifiers for kids. For some reason, they just love bubbles. If you don't have the bubbles ready at home, you can make it at home in no time. Mix any liquid soap and water, and boom, your bubbles are ready!

Children are simple to deal with; all you need is some great ideas and, of course, patience!


12Comments

MOTHER

When is the best time to plan for Second Baby?

When should we have another baby?

The World Health Organisation recommends waiting for two years after your baby's birth before trying for another baby. This means ideally spacing your babies by two years and nine months apart, for example.

In India, the Government's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare recommends ideally spacing births by three years. This is to reduce the risk of health problems for babies, and also to slow down population growth.

However, the decision lies with you as there might be circumstances in your family that mean it's sensible to wait less or more time before trying for another baby. It's up to you to work out what length of gap may suit your family best.

A small or a large gap between babies?

You may believe that having children as close together as possible is best, and that your children will be better friends as a result. Or there may be other reasons why a smaller gap seems like a good idea.

Perhaps:

  • you're worried about your or your husband's fertility
  • getting pregnant took a long time previously
  • you have had a miscarriage before
  • you are over 35

But if you're worried about managing with another child when this one is still so exhausting, it probably makes sense to wait a while.

You may prefer a two or three-year age gap, or feel that a much longer space between children will reduce sibling rivalry. Different age gaps have pros and cons, and what may work for your family may not work for others.

What would a gap of a year or less be like?

If you imagine your children growing up together and have enough energy to cope, you may decide that a small gap is ideal.

It may be a busy few months and years, but you may enjoy having all the messy, noisy, tiring nappy years concentrated into one reasonably short period.

Your toddler may love being a big girl and show new self-reliance. She may insist on feeding herself and dressing herself, and become more independent as a result.

As the new baby becomes more interesting to her and is able to play, she may happily share her games. Because they are so close, after about 18 months they are likely to have similar interests. So, it probably would be easier to plan similar activities and manage school holidays better as they're more likely to want to do the same sorts of things.

Depending on their characters, and with positive help from you, your husband and family members, this early bond should trump sibling jealousy or rivalry.

As your children grow up, there will be arguments, but their friendship is likely to weather this. Siblings who know they need each other to continue their games are motivated to sort out their disagreements.

Having your children close together can help career and childcare choices too. If you're working it can be easier to organise childcare for children of a similar age, rather than having years of juggling different childcare arrangements or crèche timings.

Despite all this, having another baby before your first or youngest child is 18 months old is going to be hard work, especially to begin with. The early years may pass in a blur. It will be an all-consuming experience of sleepless nights, nappies, breastfeeding, pureed food and plenty of cleaning up. This means you may not be able to find enough time enjoy your babies as individuals.

Your toddler may not be sleeping through the night regularly and may only be having one daytime nap before your new baby appears. You will then have the demands of two babies with different needs and routines at the same time.

During those early years, you and your husband are likely to be exhausted with two little ones to care for at once. Looking after a baby while you're pregnant is very tiring, so your husband's help may make him feel more involved. Caring for a newborn and a toddler is demanding, and you'll sometimes need to hand over some control if you're going to get through it.

In the future, there may be a hefty chunk of education expenses due within a short space of time.

What would a gap of two or three years be like?

If you want to have time to enjoy each child's baby years, a two or three-year gap may suit you.

By the time your second baby arrives you should have caught up on sleep. Your first child will have become increasingly independent too.

Your first or oldest child may be out of nappies and be happily feeding and dressing herself. She may also be making her needs clear with an extensive vocabulary. You may therefore have the energy to return to the world of sleepless nights, breastfeeding and umpteen nappies and outfits a day.

Your older child is perhaps confident and secure enough in herself to welcome a new addition. And you can imagine how she'll love being a big sister and playing with her sibling.

By now your body will have had the chance to recover from pregnancy, birth and breastfeeding. You'll have made the most of those baby years. You'll possibly have been able to keep up your career too.

While your older child is at playgroup or preschool, you'll be able to enjoy individual time with your new baby.

Even so, having this age gap is still going to mean a few years before your children want to play together. The games of a five-year-old are very different from the games of a two-year-old. But a seven-year-old and a 10-year-old could have lots of fun together.

As the world of your older child expands, your newborn has to fit in with her hectic social life. There will be interrupted feeds and sleeps, as your baby will probably need to come along when you take your toddler to playgroup or other activities.

Taking a baby along to toddler classes isn't always easy and like many mums you may need to make alternate childcare arrangements for your baby if things get too hectic.

What would a gap of five years or more be like?

Like some parents, you may feel that if you want to cherish the baby and preschooler years of your individual children, a gap of five or more years could be perfect. The baby years of your oldest will be long gone and she'll be settled into her school.

It's likely that you'll be more relaxed this time and less likely to worry about the little things. Your older children have left nappies, sleepless nights, teething and tantrums far behind. You'll probably have more time and energy to enjoy a baby. You'll be able to give your new baby lots of individual time if your eldest is busy at school and with their social life.

Your older child may enjoy being involved with a baby, though be careful not to treat your eldest as a mini-parent. When they do play together, your heart will probably burst while you watch them. And returning to mum and toddler activities can be wonderful and help you re-live all the fun.

Even so, having one child followed by a long gap before another child can be like having two singletons. They may grow up having little in common and the eldest may even have left home for college by the time your youngest is still at school.

Your older child may find it difficult to suddenly have to share your attention. And there will be days when your toddler has a tantrum when you are trying to help your older child with homework. Or days when you feel torn in two when your baby is fussy due to teething and your eldest wants to call her group of friends over for a party.

There is no perfect gap that suits absolutely everyone and every age gap has its pros and cons. So it's up to you and your family to decide when the time is right for you. And remember, however much you think ahead, babies don't always turn up as planned!

3Comments

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Breakfast

  • Moong dal dosa with veggies crushed in it

  • A glass of buttermilk

Mid-morning

  • Half cup almonds and raisins

Lunch