Scans & Tests
Scan & Tests can confirm your pregnancy and also monitor your baby’s development in the womb
Ask anything about scans & tests
Hello Momm!es....Today i have done my Anomoly scan. Heart rate of baby is 156/mnt, weight is 261gm and Placenta postion is Anterior, Upper segment. Is it Normal ???
I m continuing 4 weeks pregnancy.my sac has formed bt no embroy seem.when I will see baby in my sonegraphy
Second Trimester Anomaly Scan
The anomaly scan or ultrasound level II scan is the most common scan of the second trimester. This scan can show – · how your baby is growing and check the fetal movements · make sure your baby's internal organs are developing well · detect certain birth defects in your baby · estimate the amount of amniotic fluid · check the umbilical cord and position of the placenta · check for markers of chromosomal abnormalities. · check your cervix and measure the birth canal All pregnant women have a scan at this point because if a problem is detected, the necessary precautions need to be taken. The anomaly scan is done between 18 and 20 weeks. Your doctor may ask you to have more scans during your second trimester if: You are carrying twins or more. Your anomaly scan showed a low lying placenta. You've had spotting or bleeding from the vagina. The anomaly scan revealed problems in your pregnancy that need to be monitored. You have a medical condition such as diabetes or hypertension. You have a history of premature labour or late miscarriage. You do not need a full bladder for this scan. At this stage, your baby is big enough and high enough in your abdomen to be seen very clearly.You will need to expose your tummy, so it is a good idea to wear loose or two-piece clothing such as a salwar kameez or maternity pants and a top. This will allow the ultrasound doctor to access your tummy easily. You may be more comfortable too as you will not have to bother about removing your clothing. Nearly all second trimester scans are done abdominally. The ultrasound doctor applies (usually very cold) gel to your tummy and moves the probe or transducer over it to obtain images of your baby. As sound waves from the transducer bounce off your baby's features or organs, images are formed on a computer screen. The doctor will try his best to get as many angles of the baby in your tummy. When the doctor is able to get a clear picture of the baby, she/he will take measurements. Most hospitals or diagnostic centers allow you to watch the scan being done. It may be hard for you to make out your baby's organs, because the doctor will look at them in cross-section. Your baby's bones will appear white on the scan and soft tissues look grey and speckled. The amniotic fluid surrounding your baby will look black. The doctor will look at: The number of babies you are carrying. Twins are sometimes not found until 20 weeks. The shape and structure of your baby's head. It is possible to detect severe brain problems at this stage, but fortunately these are very rare. Your baby's face to check for a cleft lip. Cleft palates inside a baby's mouth are hard to see and are rarely picked up. Your baby's spine, both along its length and in cross-section. This is done to make sure all the bones align and that the skin covers the spine at the back. Your baby's abdominal wall, to make sure it covers all the internal organs at the front. Your baby's heart. The top two chambers (atria) and the bottom two chambers (ventricles) should be equal in size. The valves should open and close with each heartbeat. The doctor will also examine the major veins and arteries which carry blood to and from your baby's heart. Your baby's stomach. Your baby swallows some of the amniotic fluid that he lies in, which is seen in his stomach as a black bubble. Your baby's kidneys. The doctor will check that your baby has two kidneys, and that urine flows freely into his bladder. If your baby's bladder is empty, it should fill up during the scan and be easy to see. Your baby has been passing urine every half an hour or so for some months now! Your baby's arms, legs, hands and feet. The doctor will look at your baby's fingers and toes. In addition to this detailed look at how your baby is growing, the doctor will check: the placenta the umbilical cord the amniotic fluid The placenta will be described as low if it reaches down to or covers the neck of your uterus (cervix). If the placenta is lying low in your uterus, you'll have another scan in the third trimester to check its position. By then, it's likely the placenta will have moved away from your cervix. About 15 per cent of scans will need to be repeated for one reason or another. But this does not necessarily mean there is something wrong with your baby. Try not to panic in case something out of the normal routine shows up. Discuss it in detail with your doctor. Usually, your doctor will be able to reassure you. Feature Image Scan
Can repeated scans affect the baby?
Ultrasound scans are used more frequently today than even just 10 years ago. It is quite normal for a mum to have five scans even if she has a completely normal, uncomplicated pregnancy. This is because scans are more accessible and affordable now and doctors use them to gather information more accurately on all points of your pregnancy, from the due date to the position and growth of your baby. That being said, the long term effects of repeated ultrasound exposure on a fetus are not fully known. It is therefore best to only have as many scans as your doctor feels necessary for medical reasons. The ultrasound probe emits high frequency sound waves that bounce off your baby to produce an image. These waves also produce heat. Scientists say that increasing the temperature of the tissues being scanned by 4 degrees C - for example, from 36 degrees C to 40 degrees C - may cause harmful effects. In practice however, ordinary 2D, 3D or 4D scanning that is used to get images of your baby produces very little heat (less than 1 degree C). This is because the ultrasound intensity used is low, and spread over a large area. Your baby is further protected from the heat by the amniotic fluid he is floating in. The fluid helps distribute any heat that is produced so that no single part of your baby's body is exposed to the heat. Your baby is also moving around which helps distribute the heat more evenly. When does the Doctor Advice to Perform Scans Multiple Times and Why can't they be avoided? You may require more frequent ultrasounds if you: Carry twins or multiples Have an existing medical condition that may complicate your delivery Are over 35 years of age Have a problem that has been detected in your previous scans Have a history of miscarriages or stillbirth Are ultrasounds safe? There’s no evidence that scans are harmful, if used according to the guidelines. Ultrasound scans have been used in pregnancy for decades. The person carrying out the scans (sonographer) will follow all the right guidelines to ensure that you and your baby are safe. Will the way ultrasound works affect my baby? No, having an ultrasound won't affect your baby. Ultrasound sends sound waves through your womb (uterus), which bounce off your baby's body. The echoes are turned into an image on a screen, so your sonographer can see your baby’s position and movements. The frequency or length of the sound waves depends on how far along your pregnancy is and the type of scan being carried out. Studies have found no link between ultrasound and birth weight, childhood cancers, dyslexia, or problems with eyesight or hearing. Almost all women want a scan during pregnancy, so it's hard to find women who haven't had one to make a comparison. That in itself may reassure you. During an ultrasound scan, the equipment generates a small amount of heat which is absorbed by the part of the body that's being scanned. Antenatal scans produce less than one degree C. This means they're fine for you and your baby. It's only if the temperature of the scanned body tissue rises by four degrees C that harm may be caused. Ultrasounds are a medically endorsed way to look into the pregnancy and see how your little one is coming along. The benefits of the ultrasounds weigh out the possible risks in cases where your pregnancy requires monitoring. However, it is safe to address any concerns you may have about this with your doctor.
Nuchal Translucency Scan (NT): 11-14 Weeks, To Check Chances of Abnormalities in the Fetus
There are several tests to understand if your fetus is developing as expected. One such test is the Nuchal Translucency Scan which is used to check for any abnormality in the cardiovascular system of the fetus. It is conducted between the 11th and 16th week of pregnancy. What is Nuchal Translucency Scan? First let us understand, 'What is Nuchal Translucency?' Under the baby’s neck, a collection of fluid is found just below the skin. This is called the Nuchal Translucency. The volume of this liquid is measured using the Nuchal Translucency Scan. This scan is usually conducted when: · The fetus is between 11 to 14 weeks old, or · When the size of the fetus is between 45 and 84mm. What does the test establish? The amount of Nuchal Translucency can indicate the chances of any abnormalities in the fetus. For instance, in the case of babies with Down’s syndrome, the volume of Nuchal Translucency is higher in comparison to a normal baby. Why is the Nuchal Translucency Scan required? The primary purpose of the Nuchal Translucency Scan is to check if the fetus has Down’s Syndrome. This test is only used to estimate the chances of the fetus developing this condition. For instance, your results may say that your fetus has a 1 in 1000 chance of developing this condition. The chances are considered high when it is equal to or less than 1 in 150. To know for sure whether your fetus has Down’s Syndrome, you need to undergo diagnostic tests such as Chorionic Villus Sampling or Amniocentesis. How does the Nuchal Translucency Scan work? The timing of the Nuchal Translucency Scan is very important, as mentioned above. This is when the rump of the crown of your fetus is also large enough. Usually, this test is conducted along with your routine dating scan. You cannot have this scan earlier than 11 weeks as your fetus is too small to detect any abnormality. During this phase, the lymphatic system of the fetus is also developing and is likely to absorb most of the Nuchal Translucency fluid. This test is carried out using your ultrasound equipment. Some gel is applied on the tummy and a hand-held transducer is moved all over the belly. While you may feel some pressure, this procedure is not really painful. If the ultrasound is not about to give you a good image, you may also have to undergo a vaginal scan to check the Nuchal Translucency fluid. This might be required if the mother is overweight or if the womb is tilted slightly backward. This is also a safe procedure that will not harm your fetus. With this test, you will be able to see the limbs, spine, and head of your fetus quite clearly. Is the Nuchal Translucency test accurate? Records show the in almost 77% of babies, the Nuchal Translucency scan alone is enough to detect Down ’s syndrome. This test only has an inaccuracy rate of 5%. At the given gestational stage, an NT that is less than 3.5mm is considered to be normal. Feature Image Source
Scans that are needed after second trimester
Knowing the number and types of scans that a pregnant woman needs to undergo during their pregnancy can help them prepare mentally for it. Though the most important scan during your pregnancy is the anomaly scan that is offered at 20 weeks or half-way through your pregnancy, one might have to undergo further scans if they have had complications in their previous or present pregnancy. Usually, a doctor keeps a track of the growing baby by measuring the fundal height, the distance between the front of your pelvis to the top of your womb, your weight, and the baby bump. They would record your blood pressure regularly. They would measure your insulin levels once in the starting and if you are not prone to developing diabetes or gestational diabetes, then once towards the end. However, they might opt for blood and urine samples to keep an eye on blood levels and infections. If they do detect a problem with any of these tests, they might ask you to undergo a scan, but only as a secondary level test to check on something particular. Growth Scan If your doctor feels that the measurement of the baby bump and the fundal height do not match or are not as expected, then they might ask you to take the growth scan. You might also be asked to take a scan, if your doctor feels that there is more amniotic fluid than normal. Other reasons for asking you to opt for a scan could include: Gestational diabetes Hypertension Monitoring position of the baby (especially if breech), placenta, and umbilical cord Checking on twins, triplets or other multiple births Screening the working of the heart and placenta A point to note here is that your doctor would not ask you to take the growth scan if the baby seems bigger, but the rest of the symptoms of the pregnancy are normal. This is because once the third trimester starts, the baby takes on an individualistic shape and size. They no longer conform to general rules and develop as per their genes. Also, as they grow, it becomes more and more difficult to measure them. A growth scan shows how the baby is growing, by measuring their blood flow, checking their movements and measuring them. Baby movements include things like stretching, flexing, moving arms and legs, wiggling toes and fingers, opening and closing hands and moving tongue and lips. Inability to do these indicates a lack of oxygen, increasing the chances of a premature delivery. What a growth scan would not show is the baby weight, source of bleeding, if any, or the correctness of the due date. Though ultrasound scans are absolutely normal, with no side effects for either the mother or the baby, be assured that your doctor would recommend these only when they are medically absolutely essential. Featured Image Source
Don't even think of missing the First Trimester Scans if you care for your baby!
First Trimester Scans The first trimester scans are important as they offer a lot of early information about how the baby is developing, their health and if they are suffering from any congenital or chromosomal deficits. Typically, a mother-to-be has two scans in the first trimester. The first scan is ideally done between week 6 and week 9 and the second is done between week 11 and week 13. While the first scan is called the dating and viability scan, the second is called a nuchal translucency scan. First scan The dating and viability scan confirms the pregnancy. It also helps determine if the baby has Down syndrome or Trisomy 18. Down syndrome is a congenital disorder that causes lifelong impairment in social and physical development of the child. On the other hand, Trisomy 18 causes severe delays in developmental growth and often proves to be fatal by age 1. This is caused by the presence of an extra chromosome called Chromosome 18. The first scan also checks for the following: Presence of heartbeat: Heartbeat is one of the first signs that confirms the viability of a pregnancy. It can usually be heard from around week 6 and the first scan can help you hear this. Position of baby: This scan helps check the position of the baby in the uterus. It ensures that the fetus has not implanted itself in the tubes or anywhere else except for the uterus. Due date: As it is not possible to ascertain the due date basis the menstrual cycle (some women may have irregular periods or may not remember the exact date of their last period), this scan helps determine the time elapsed since the pregnancy and the likely due date. Number of babies: The first scan also determines the number of babies you are carrying. The date and viability scan might either be a transvaginal scan (TVS) or an abdominal scan. If the scan is performed before you complete 10 weeks, then a TVS would be performed, as the baby is too small and too low for the abdominal ultrasound to detect. Second scan A lot of mothers-to-be may miss the first scan if they realize that they are pregnant at a later date or because they have irregular periods. In this case, the nuchal translucency scan is performed. This is an abdominal scan and measures the clear space in the tissue at the child’s nape. This particular scan also checks for the following: Placenta position Presence and length of nasal bone Fetal spine and limbs Fetal stomach and any defects in the abdominal wall Urinary bladder Blood circulation Cervix of the mother-to-be Crown to rump length of the baby Why are first scans important? The first scans are important in the following cases: Irregular periods Previous miscarriage Spotting or bleeding Two or more pregnancies Maternal age more than 35 years Any other pregnancy complications First scans in the pregnancy are necessary to help you prepare for the course of your pregnancy, further tests, medical treatment and how to manage a child with special needs, if you have one. It prepares you mentally and physically for the upcoming challenges of a pregnancy. Featured Image Source
Regular urine tests during pregnancy may be as important as all the other scans.
Urine tests help your doctor find early warning signals that can help her diagnose certain serious conditions. These conditions may cause problems during your pregnancy for both you and your baby. That’s why your doctor will ask you to get a urine test and take the report to every antenatal appointment. How to get a urine test done? You will have to give your urine sample to the lab which will conduct the test. You need to use a sterile container to collect your urine. You can get it from the lab or at any chemist shop. It’s also better to pee for a few seconds before you collect the sample. The lab conducts the test and generally gives you the report within one day. It may take some more time if your doctor has asked for something more than the standard test. What does a urine test help to diagnose? A urine test can diagnose a number of disorders based on the levels of protein, nitrite and sugar in your urine. Here are some of the most common disorders that can be diagnosed through a urine test. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) A UTI can be diagnosed when there is an unusually high level of protein in your urine combined with nitrites and white cells. You may need further tests to determine if it is a UTI and which kind. You may then need to have antibiotics to get rid of the infection. UTI may be linked to premature birth so it’s important to diagnose and treat it on time. Gestational Diabetes (GD) This is a kind of diabetes that happens only when you’re pregnant. It may lead to certain complications like premature labour and birthing problems. It may lead to Type 2 diabetes and obesity in the child in the future. An early diagnosis of GD is very important. High sugar in urine sometimes alerts the doctor to a possibility of GD. If the doctor suspects you have GD, she will recommend a GTT(Glucose Tolerance Test) to make a definitive diagnosis. Pre-eclampsia This occurs in the second half of the pregnancy and is related to high blood pressure. It can result in pregnancy complications including poor growth of the baby can result from pre-eclampsia. If diagnosed on time, pre-eclampsia can be managed effectively. This can be done through regular urine tests as well as blood pressure check-ups. This is because symptoms of pre-eclampsia like intense headaches, sudden swelling of your face, hands and feet, and vision problems, such as blurring or flashing don’t usually appear until it’s too late. Urine tests perform a key role in helping the doctor diagnose certain important disorders. It’s therefore critical to get your tests done in time for your antenatal appointments.
Why and how CVS test is done?
The Chorionic Villus Sampling or CVS Test is prescribed between the 10th to 12th weeks of gestation. It is a prenatal test, which helps detect genetic diseases, birth defects, and any other issues related to the pregnancy. What happens in the CVS Test? In the CVS test a tiny bit of Chorionic villi is drawn out from the placenta as sample. This sample is taken from the place where the placenta is attached to the uteral wall. The Chorionic Villi are taken because they possess the same genes, which will be present in the baby eventually. Therefore, they make the best sample to ascertain whether the baby is at risk of developing any genetic diseases or birth defects. This test helps detect any such conditions early in the pregnancy. Diseases and Disorders Easily Identifiable Via The CVS Test Here are some diseases that the CVS test helps detect timely and with 98% accuracy – Chromosomal disorders such as - Down syndrome Genetic diseases like - cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Tay-Sachs disease, and sickle cell anemia. Gender specific disorders such as - muscular dystrophy commonly seen in male babies. This test is also used to identify the gender of the foetus as well. Who is suggested the CVS Test? Experts advise that the CVS test may only be suggested to women who are at a greater risk of having babies with genetic defects and disorders. These include - Couples where one partner already has a genetic disorder or carries a genetic disease/chromosomal abnormality. Couples with a family history of birth defects either in a previous pregnancy or a family member who has birth defects. A pregnant woman 35 years or older on her due date. Higher the age of the woman, greater is the risk of the offspring having chromosomal defects such as Down syndrome. A pregnant woman who displays abnormal results in genetic tests. It is, however, a couple’s choice whether to get the test done or not. Advantages of the CVS Test CVS takes place very early in the pregnancy. It is done even before amniocentesis. Therefore, it informs about defects and diseases quite early allowing timely action and appropriate choices. The results of the CVS test come within 10 days. Termination of pregnancy upon receipt of abnormal test results is much safer for the woman since the same is done early in the pregnancy. Disadvantages of the CVS Test The CVS poses a little higher threat of miscarriage as compared to amniocentesis, as it is done very early in pregnancy. Risk of infection too is higher at this stage. The CVS Test Procedure Counseling - When someone is recommended a CVS test, she is given elaborate genetic counseling that involves detailed information of the advantages and disadvantage of taking the test. The risks involved are clearly communicated to the patient so that an informed decision can be made. Ultrasound - After the counseling an ultrasound examination is done to ascertain the gestational age of the foetus and to identify placental location. This is because it is best to perform the CVS test 10 to 12 weeks from the last menstrual period of the woman. Collection of the chorionic villi - The chorionic villi are collected from the placenta either via the abdomen or the vagina. A quick test, it takes hardly 30 minutes in all. The procedure might be slightly painful to some women. There are two ways of collecting the sample. These are - The abdominal collection - This is done using a needle. This needle is inserted into the placenta through the mother’s abdomen. The vaginal collection - This is done using a speculum, which is inserted in the vagina. Then, a small portion of the placenta is removed by inserting a thin tube of plastic into the cervix via the vagina. Ultrasound imaging is used to guide the whole process. Laboratory sample testing - The collected sample is sent to the lab. Here it is cultured for in a fluid for further testing after a few more days. Results - The results are made available to the patient in two weeks. Precaution to take after the CVS Test Take it slow and easy once the test is over. Get off the bed slowly and take assistance while you steady yourself. Avoid driving yourself back home. Make sure someone assists you to the hospital and back. Rest well the rest of the day and preferably put pillows under your feet for added comfort. It is normal for doctors to advise abstinence from exercise, strenuous work, and sex for the next three days to avoid any stress. Experiencing minimal bleeding and some cramps are normal. However, the same must still be reported to the doctor. Any discharge or fluid leaks from the vagina must immediately be reported to the doctor without any delays. The test when suggested is in your best interest. It is therefore advised that if your doctor feels the need for a CVS test, you must consider it to ensure you have a healthy baby.
What is triple marker test? When is it done
What is the triple Marker test? when is it done? The triple Marker test is done on a pregnant woman where samples of her blood are taken and tested. Along with the triple Marker test, the pregnant woman also has to undergo the triple marker screening. The triple Marker test is useful in indicating the existence of any potential genetic abnormalities in the fetus within the Mother's Womb. Once the abnormality is detected in the baby, further tests are done in order to diagnose the abnormality detected during the triple Marker test. During this test, every factor of the pregnant mother is taken into consideration and it includes the age of the pregnant mother, the weight, height, ethnicity, history of ailments and diseases in the family, and whether the mother is pregnant with twins, multiple fetuses, etc. What is the triple Marker test? It is a prenatal test done to analyze and examine any defects that exist in the baby within the womb or a possibility of future defects. It is important for every pregnant woman to undergo the Triple marker test in the following cases: the existence of diabetes, use of insulin and other such medications. genetic disorders running in the family. a family history of chromosomal disorders. a pregnant woman who is 35 years of age and more. viral infections during pregnancy. high exposure to radiation. down syndrome. Generally, during the second trimester of pregnancy, this triple marker blood test is performed on the pregnant women which carefully analyses 3 hormones and their levels in the pregnant woman's body. The following are the three hormones which are examined during this test: human chorionic gonadotropin. Alpha-fetoprotein. conjugated estriol. This test is commonly done in the early detection of a chromosomal disorder known as the down syndrome in the fetus within the womb of the pregnant mother. How it is performed? The triple marker test does not require a pregnant woman to perform the test without any food or drink. There is no risk to minimal risk as it requires a simple blood sample to be taken from the mother. The triple Marker test is similar to the common blood tests taken: The following is the procedure for the simple marker test: step 1: the pregnant women will be asked to extend her arm and fold her fingers into a fist so as to be able to trace out the vein. step 2: the doctor then puts a strap and binds the arm around so that the spot is secured firmly. step 3: the area just below the binding his cleaned well with an antiseptic and antibacterial medicine so as to prevent any infection from entering into the body. step 4: the doctor Will then insert a needle and draw out the blood sample. step 5: once the blood is fully connected in the syringe, the needle is then inserted into a vial taken for the storage of blood. step 6: once the vial is full of the blood sample, the doctor then cleans the area from which the blood was drawn out, with another antiseptic and antibacterial medicine. Step 7: the sample of the blood in the vial is then sent to a laboratory for examination where it is evaluated by a biochemist and the results of the sample are then sent to the doctor. On your next appointment with the doctor, you will be informed about the results and the indications that the blood test has provided. The triple Marker test does not have any negative side effects, however, if you have any concerns in regard to it, it should be taken up with your doctor. When it is performed? The triple Marker test is generally done during the 15th and 22nd week of pregnancy. The doctor recommends a pregnant woman to undergo the Triple Marker test during the 16th and 18th week of pregnancy as this is the time when the test gives the most accurate result. Once the triple Marker test has been completed, its results are available within a period of 4 days. Risks associated with the mother and baby due to this test: Generally, there are no side effects or risk associated with the triple Marker test, to the mother and baby within the womb. the triple Marker test makes use of a small amount of blood drawn out from the body of the mother to analyze and determine any abnormalities during the pregnancy. the loss of blood is negligible that it does not cause any side effects to the health of the mother and the baby, to be concerned about. However, a pregnant woman or her family needs to ensure that the needle through which the blood is drawn out from the body is well sterilized and not used to draw out blood from her body after usage on another patient. If the same needle is used over and over again, by multiple patients, then there are chances of both the mother and the baby being affected by HIV/AIDS and other diseases transferred through the blood. It is always best to buy a new needle, sterilize it and then use it to take blood from the body of the pregnant woman. What if your triple marker test results turn abnormal? If the results of the triple Marker test turn off normal then your doctor will ask you to undergo further tests to determine the accuracy or you will be referred to a specialist. Commonly, after the results of a triple Marker test, the doctor will subject a pregnant woman to a complete ultrasound exam. During this examination of your fetus, the doctor will be able to find out the age of the baby, any abnormalities or defects, the Parts of the body of the fetus such as the brain, kidney, lungs, heart, spinal cord, hands, feet, and the genital areas. In addition to this, the doctor will also request the pregnant woman to undergo the amniocentesis test that examines and analyses the amniotic sac that protects the baby as well as the components of the amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus in the Mother's Womb. The results obtained as a result of the amniocentesis test will indicate whether your baby has certain health complications like that of the down syndrome or any other major complications. Any abnormality is detected in the 3 hormonal levels on which the triple marker test analysis will indicate the presence of: infection in the urinary tract. defects in the neural tube, Abnormalities in the spinal cord, brain and other parts of the body. Spina bifida Anencephaly. Twins, triplets or multiple fetuses within the womb. improper pregnancy timeline. down syndrome, in which there is excess genetic material in the 21st chromosome. Edward syndrome, Which is also known as trisomy 18 and it is an abnormality in the chromosomes of the fetus. life-threatening complications for the mother and the baby. The benefits of such a test: The triple marker test enables the parents to decide whether they want the pregnancy or not, prepare themselves and consider the options that are available to them. The triple Marker test also enables the doctor to carefully monitor the growth and development of the fetus and to identify any further signs of complications. The triple marker test is highly beneficial for those women who want to deliver babies, at or above the age of 35 years. One of the main benefits of the triple Marker test is that you can easily predict any birth defects that your baby what exhibit and it prepared you well in advance to face these complications. The triple marker test is also beneficial for women who are pregnant with multiple babies in a single pregnancy period, though it is not a critical condition, it enables the doctor to monitor and to plan the dietary intake, nutrition levels as well as the vitamins medications. Results of such a test include: The triple Marker test indicates in the probability of the existence of genetic disorder in the fetus within the womb, the existence of down syndrome or spina bifida. It can also indicate as to whether a pregnant woman is required to undergo further additional testing. The doctors also give consideration to other factors that affect the test results such as the age of the mother, whether the mother is diabetic, a high blood pressure patient, the existence of multiple pregnancies, ethnicity proper diet and how far the mother is into the pregnancy. The triple marker test enables the parents of the baby to be well prepared and informed so as to enable them to understand the diagnosis or to seek a second opinion. It enables them to brave themselves and to tackle possible challenges and to prepare themselves for their life together with their baby.
Pregnancy ultrasounds: When and why they are needed
For many expectant mothers, the first ultrasound scan is very exciting. That’s because it allows them to get the first glimpse of their baby. But ultrasounds serve a very important purpose, which is to make sure your baby is safe and healthy. How does an ultrasound work? An ultrasound sends high-frequency waves through the tummy and into the uterus. Hard tissues like bones show up as white areas while soft tissues appear grey and fluids like the amniotic fluid appear black. This combination of colours allows the doctor to determine if all is well with the baby by interpreting the ultrasound. Ultrasounds have been in use for over 40 years and are supposed to be completely safe for the child. Nonetheless, every scan should be justified and only the minimum scans needed to make a correct diagnosis should be undertaken. Who does the ultrasound? It is done by doctors who have special training in ultrasound and a certificate registered under the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act. The ultrasound can only be performed in a clinic that follows the guideline under the Act. How does the scan work? You need to drink a lot of water so that your uterus can be seen easily in the scan. The doctor will put some cold gel on your stomach move a small hand-held transducer or probe over your tummy to get views of the baby. If the picture isn’t clear enough, especially in the early days, you may need a vaginal scan. The vaginal transducer will fit comfortably inside your vagina. The doctor will use a lubricated condom to cover the transducer so that it slides in easily. The probe does not go in very deep, so it will not harm you or your baby in any way. Ultrasounds are not painful in any way although the abdominal one may feel slightly uncomfortable on a full bladder. When and why are scans undertaken? The regular scans, generally between 4 and 5 if you have a healthy pregnancy include the following. Dating and viability scan between 6 and 9 weeks. This helps to confirm where the fertilized egg has embedded itself which is where the placenta will grow. This scan also helps to make sure that your baby has a heartbeat and whether you have one baby or multiples. This can also detect an ectopic pregnancy, where the embryo implants in the Fallopian tube, not the uterus. It also helps to accurately date your baby by measuring the fetus. Nuchal translucency (NT) scan between 11 and 13 weeks. This helps to assess the risk of Down's syndrome by measuring the fluid at the back of the baby's neck. Anomaly scan (ultrasound level II) between 18 and 20 weeks. This helps to find out why a blood screening test was abnormal. Growth scan or fetal wellbeing scan between 28 and 32 weeks. This helps to examine the baby to check that all her organs are developing normally. Growth scan and colour Doppler studies between 36 and 40 weeks. Featured Image Source
Fetal Movements: is your baby kicking?
Nothing reassures you more about the baby growing in your womb than the first kick. These tiny movements keep you guessing about what the baby would be doing at that time. Was what you felt actually a kick or just gas bubbles coursing through your body. Every pregnant woman waits for that moment when they would feel the first kick of their babies. When would I feel my baby kick? Most women feel their baby kick between week 18 and week 22, though some may report feeling it as early as week 13. Usually, second-timers feel it earlier as they know a kick when they feel a kick. Another reason why they might feel the kicks earlier is that their abdominal muscles are laxer. Further, thinner mothers also tend to feel a baby kick earlier as they lack the fat to cushion the movements. Actually, a first-time mother-to-be might have already felt the baby move but was unable to recognize the movement. Does this mean that the baby moves only at the time I feel the kick? No. The baby moves all the time in the amniotic fluid. But, because it is very small, one may not feel its movements. As the baby grows and becomes stronger, it is able to make more distinguishable movements and these are the ones you feel. What do the baby kicks feel like? Most mothers-to-be define the first movements of their babies as gas bubbles, butterflies flying or soft flutters. Medically, this is known as quickening. It would take some time for the quickening to graduate to firmer movements. Is it true that I would feel the baby moving less as my pregnancy progresses? Not exactly. There would definitely be down times when the baby is sleeping or resting and you might not feel any movements. However, the bigger the baby gets, the lesser the space it has to move and the more you should feel its movements. Once you have determined a pattern and understood their sleep cycle, you would be able to predict their movements and rest time. How often should I feel the baby kick? Before week 28, there is no need as such to record baby movement. At times, up to three days may pass between movements. Once you cross the 28th-week mark, you need to keep a watch on fetal movements. Your doctor would give you a rough estimate of how much movement you should feel. A healthy baby kicks around a lot. Apart from their sleep time, if you notice the baby’s activity levels reducing or weakened movements, talk to your doctor. Pregnancy is a beautiful time for any mother-to-be, therefore, sit back, relax and enjoy yours to the fullest. Featured Image Source
Muje puchna tha k Mai jb bhi Dr. K pass jati hu check up k liye toh muje Dr. Yahi bolte hai k apka bacha week hai app ka pet bht kum hai itna pet to 6 or 7 mnth mein hota hai or Mera abhi 8 month chl RHA Mai muje Kya krna chaiye baby k health k liye Kya diet leni chaiye jis se Mera baby healthy ho JB is bar Dr. Ne muje ye sb kha to muje bht tention ho gyi thi Mai bht royi ghr aa k Kya kru Mai pls koi btado