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Vaginal infections durng pregnancy
Pregnancy is the time when your body undergoes significant hormonal changes. Due to these changes, women often find their immunity levels dipping, making them susceptible to an array of infections. Infections in the vaginal region such as the yeast infections, Trichomoniasis, and Bacterial Vaginosis are a common occurrence during pregnancy. However, one may encounter other kinds of vaginal infections as well. If left untreated they may harm the foetus too. Therefore, it is best to stay well informed about the causes and symptoms of the different vaginal infections during pregnancy in order to identify and treat them at the earliest. Vaginal Infections To Watch Out For During Pregnancy #1. Bacterial Vaginosis One of the most common vaginal infections during pregnancy, Bacterial Vaginosis or BV is seen in every one out of five pregnant women. Cause: BV is caused when the vagina’s naturally existing bacteria start multiplying excessively due to hormonal imbalances, leading to unpleasant symptoms. Symptoms: Pain and burning sensation during urination Inflammation, irritation, and itchiness inside and around the vagina Thin, watery, greyish white vaginal discharge, which has a very foul odour Diagnosis: Your doctor, through a pelvic examination, can diagnose BV. She may take a swab sample of the discharge to observe it microscopically and even send it to the lab for a vaginal culture for further confirmation. Treatment: Antibiotics are a good line of treatment for Bacterial Vaginosis. Your doctor will prescribe you a dosage safe for use during pregnancy. However, if you are in your first trimester, she may avoid giving any medication at all. Points to remember: If detected early BV may go away on its own without medication. However, if left untreated for long it may lead to serious problems such as – low birth weight of the baby, preterm delivery, pelvic inflammatory disease in the mother, eventual damage to the fallopian tubes, increase in risk of contacting Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), and even infertility. What you can do: In order to prevent BV during pregnancy you must – Drink at least 2-3 liters of water daily Keep your vagina clean and dry to prevent bacterial build-up Do not use bath oils or thick applications in the vaginal region. These may block pores and lead to infections. Maintain good hygiene and wash yourself dry twice or thrice a day Wear cotton undergarments and change your underpants twice a day to prevent the area from being sweaty. Wear loose pants and avoid tights to prevent sweat buildup. Sleep without your underpants to prevent infections. Adopt safe sex practices and avoid having intercourse with multiple partners during your pregnancy. While using toilet paper, wipe from front to back to avoid infections from anal bacteria to spread to the vagina. Avoid frequently douching the vagina in an attempt o clean it. This may worsen the infection. #2. Yeast Infection A yeast infection is commonly seen during the second trimester of pregnancy. It features an overgrowth of the naturally existing vaginal fungus – Candida. Causes: A spike in the levels of progesterone and estrogen in your body cause yeast infections during pregnancy. This hormonal imbalance disrupts your vaginal pH, thus, causing fungal infections. An antibiotic or steroid treatment during pregnancy may also cause a yeast infection. Some other causes include – excessive douching, having intercourse, having STD, or diabetes. Symptoms: Burning pain while passing urine or during intercourse Appearance of whitish brown discharge from the vagina that looks like cottage cheese. Yeast like foul smell from discharge Inflammation, irritation, and redness in the labia and vulva. Diagnosis: Your doctor can easily diagnose a yeast infection upon a vaginal examination. To further confirm the possibility she may take a swab sample of the discharge and check it under the microscope or send it to a lab for further testing and conclusive results. Treatment: A yeast infection can be treated using an anti-fungal cream prescribed by your doctor. The cream must be applied to the infected area as suggested on a regular basis. You may alternatively be prescribed an oral anti-fungal medication or an ovule to insert in the vagina. Points to remember: If undetected or untreated yeast infections get transferred to the baby at the time of delivery. They infect the baby’s mouth in the form of an oral condition called thrush. What you can do: In addition to the above mentioned tips you must - Reduce your intake of sugar as it is inflammatory and may worsen the fungal infection. Add complex carbohydrates to your diet to improve your digestion and immunity. Eat yogurt. It is probiotic and helps improve the gut and vaginal pH. #3. Trichomoniasis This vaginal infection results from a parasitic protozoan microbe known as the Trichomonas vaginalis. Causes: A pregnant woman may contact this infection from a sexual encounter with an infected partner. The disease also spreads through infected pool water, towels, or toilet seats. Symptoms: Yellow/white/clear discharge from the vagina Fish-like foul smelling discharge Redness, inflammation, and irritation in the vaginal area Pain while passing urine Diagnosis: Besides identifying the evident symptoms, your doctor can diagnose Trichomoniasis by taking a swab sample of the vaginal discharge. This can either be studied under the microscope to visually identify the parasite or can be sent for a lab culture to get a confirmed result. Alternatively, a urine test may also reveal Trichomoniasis infection. Treatment: Trichomoniasis is treated with a course of oral antibiotics. Make sure to take only prescribed drugs in recommended dosage only so that your baby is not harmed by the medication. Points to remember: If detected and treated timely the Trichomoniasis infection can be completely cured. It is one of the most easily curable vaginal infections. What you can do: In addition to the above mentioned precautions related to proper hygiene and safe sex practices, one must avoid using swimming pools, shared bath towels, and public toilets during pregnancy.
Are you having some strange dreams? Here's why?
Managing sleep during pregnancy can be extremely tough. You have to get up to pee, you’re tossing and turning on the bed, and you can' find a comfortable sleeping position.Now to add to all this, heart-pounding and vivid dreams make things even more difficult and stressful. But there are various reasons for this: Particularly in the third trimester women complain of vivid dreams. The medical reasons for this are: 1. Hormonal changes- When pregnant, your body produces more progesterone and estrogen. These hormonal changes impact how your brain processes information and emotions, which can disrupt sleep. Because of similar hormonal shifts, PMS has a similar affect on your ability to sleep. (source) 2. Changes in REM cycle- As your pregnancy progresses, the amount of deep sleep you get decreases and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep increases. According to Dr. Sears, REM cycle affects your dreams because: This state of sleep encourages more dreams, because your brain is more active. Since you’re more aware of your environment and arouse from sleep more easily during REM cycles, you’re more likely to remember your dreams. 3. Stress- You’ve got a lot on your mind, mama! Stress is a natural part of pregnancy as you adjust to so many new changes, but it can lead to insomnia and interrupted sleep. Studies show that daily stress can affect our ability to get a good night’s sleep and that people who feel stressed report more frequent dreams. 4. Heightened emotions of pregnancy- There are a lot of reasons your emotions are heightened during pregnancy—after all, you’re bringing a new life into this world! Even if you’re not stressed or fearful, excitement can send your mind spinning in a million different directions. And research proves that lack of sleep compromises our brain’s ability to regulate emotions. Since dreams help us work through our emotions, you’re more likely to have more dreams when you feel overwhelmed. Pregnancy Dreams Decoded Now that you know why your pregnancy dreams are more vivid, you’re probably wondering what those dreams mean. Does a positive pregnancy test dream really mean you’re pregnant? If you dream you’re having a girl, is that really predictive of the baby’s sex? Is there any truth to common interpretations of pregnancy dreams? Dreams about conceiving If you’re dreaming about being pregnant or conceiving, but haven’t yet gotten your BFP, it could be your mind’s way of clueing you in. (Though there are no studies to support this theory!) A dream about conceiving could also symbolize a new project or phase in your life that you’re thinking of starting. Dreams about the sex of the baby In one study, women were more likely to correctly guess their baby’s gender if the prediction was based on psychological criteria (feelings or dreams), as opposed to old wives’ tales (lack of morning sickness or belly shape, for example). Dreams about the baby’s sex aren’t foolproof—they can be influenced by social and cultural factors—but there could be some accuracy to them. Dreams about labor Dreams about being in labor could mean you’re anxious or worried about giving birth. It could also mean that you’re ready for changes in your life, or are actually on the verge of giving birth. A dream about labor could also symbolize bringing a new project to fruition. Dreams about something happening to the baby Pregnancy dreams can be a result of heightened emotions, so it makes sense that you may dream about something happening to the baby, both in utero and after birth. Pregnant women’s nightmares often involved miscarriages or still births, Dr. Sheldon Roth, a clinical assistant professor of psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School and a dream expert, told NBC. “People use dreams as a way of problem solving and adapting to new circumstances. These parents are simply using their dreams to mentally sort out a huge life change.” Dreams about forgetting the baby The same sleep researcher found that expectant and new mothers commonly have dreams about forgetting or losing the baby, because new memories are organized and stored during sleep.These dreams don’t indicate anything about your ability to parent, they’re just a sign that your brain is still connecting all of the dots. Dreams about you or the baby as an animal “Animals almost invariably represent instincts when we meet them in dreams,” Jungian analyst Barbara Hannah told Psychology Today. Dreaming of your baby as an animal reflects your instinctual role as mama bear, and dreaming of yourself as an animal reflects your protective instincts. Dreams about love affairs with an ex or another partner These types of dreams don’t mean you have any desire or intention to be unfaithful. Much more likely, they’re a sign that you fear how your relationship with your partner may change once the baby is born. These dreams could also be about feeling uncomfortable with your expanding body during pregnancy and wanting to still feel desirable. So What Do These Dreams REALLY Mean? Dreams are our mind’s way of working through fears and anxiety. Some say bits and pieces of dreams can be attributed to intuition or can even feel transcendent, but that doesn’t mean the scarier dreams are foreboding premonitions.However, what you can take care of is listed here: You Should Avoid: Stimulants such as caffeine, chocolate, or tea too close to bedtime Violent movies and TV shows Exposure to any screens within two hours of bedtime (The blue light is too stimulating) Heated discussions close to bedtime Exercise within a few hours of going to sleep Eating a large meal within three hours of bedtime You should try: Taking a bath Spraying your pillow with lavender mist Meditating Light stretching Content Source Feature Image Source
Why Linea Nigra line occurs on your belly during pregnancy?
Pregnancy causes a lot of changes in the body. From beautiful, shiny hair to swollen ankles, nearly every part of your body is affected. And in the midst of all these changes, when you are about five months pregnant, you might notice a dark line running down your belly. This is called the linea nigra and is a normal part of pregnancy. Though it seems to appear out of nowhere, one cannot prevent it from appearing and it disappears after the delivery. Here is all that you would want to know about the linea nigra. What exactly is the linea nigra? The linea nigra or the pregnancy line is a dark line that appears in the fifth month of your pregnancy. The line starts from the pelvis and extends till the top of the uterus. Dark brown in color, the linea nigra is ½ to 1/4th inch wide and darkens as the pregnancy progresses. It is more visible in women with darker skin. What causes the linea nigra to appear? The line that seems to have appeared from nowhere has actually always been there but is too light to be noticed. At this stage, it is called the linea alba. But, when you become pregnant, and your body starts producing a larger amount of melanin, which darkens the skin. This makes the linea alba darker and thus visible. Is the linea nigra harmful? No. the linea nigra is not harmful at all and does not need any kind of medical treatment. Can I prevent the linea nigra from appearing? Not exactly. As mentioned earlier, nothing can be done to prevent the linea nigra from appearing. When will the linea nigra go? The linea nigra starts fading once the baby is delivered. It slowly fades away in a few months post-delivery but makes a reappearance in subsequent pregnancies. How can I make the linea nigra disappear? You cannot do anything to make the linea nigra disappear. However, you can make the line less pronounced by following certain tips. As the linea nigra is a result of pigmentation, take steps to protect your skin against it. Pigmentation during pregnancy is linked with the deficiency of folic acid. Therefore, ensure that you are eating a healthy diet that contains a healthy proportion of folates from green leafy vegetables. Additionally, apply sunscreen every time you expose your belly to the sun as sunlight can increase pigmentation, making the line more prominent. If the linea nigra really bothers you, you can either use makeup to cover it up during your pregnancy or after it. You can also use a bleaching agent to help it fade away faster. However, do not use a bleaching agent during your pregnancy or breastfeeding period as it may harm the baby. Also, always remember to consult your doctor, before using any skin creams during your pregnancy. Featured Image Source
How and when will you start feeling your baby movements?
A lot of women get worried because they feel their baby movements, and suddenly these movements stop – they question this action, and are usually worried if something wrong has happened. This article is going to elaborate on your baby’s movements and when one should and should not be worried Once you start feeling a certain movement in your tummy – a lot of questions arise: was that gas? Or did my baby just move? Is my baby kicking too hard? Or was that a really light kick? These questions laid down here are going to be answered one by one in this article. Get ready to understand your baby’s moves! Most women start to feel their baby move between 18 to 22 weeks. It has also been noticed that women who are thinner end up feeling more prominent kicks, and faster than others. It is obvious that after you feel your child kick once, you want to feel it more and more - you probably won't be feeling it consistently until he or she is bigger and packing a more powerful punch. When it comes to how a kick feels some women describe it as - flutters, butterfly wings flapping, gas bubbles, growling stomach, twitches, light tapping, and like a little fish swimming. However, if as a going to be mother, you feel nothing like that – there is no reason to worry! Before long, those little movements will turn into bigger ones, leaving no doubt in your mind about what's going on inside your belly. Apart from just how the baby movement feels, a lot of women also question how often should they feel their baby move. It has been noted that by the end of the second trimester, the kicks should become stronger and more frequent. Babies tend to move around a certain period of the day -they are usually most active between 9 p.m. and 1 a.m., right as you're trying to get to sleep Once your baby has been kicking good enough, doctors suggest that one should monitor their baby's movements. Keeping track of all those little punches, jabs, and kicks to make sure your baby is still developing normally. Apart from this, it is also necessary to keep visiting your doctor about your baby’s movements! To count movements, pick a time when your baby is usually most active. Get into a comfortable position either sitting down in a comfortable chair or lying on your side. There are various opinions laid down as to how one should track a baby's movement – However, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends noting the time it takes for your baby to make 10 movements. You should feel at least 10 movements within a two-hour period. If you don't feel your baby move 10 times by the end of two hours, try again later in the day. Then if you still can't feel 10 movements in two hours, or your baby is much less active than normal, call your health care provider, who can check your baby's heart rate and movements. A lot of women are worried about the idea that what if they don’t feel their baby move at all? This is a very worrisome situation for most mothers! We suggest that if you still haven’t reached 25 weeks, and are not feeling your baby move, then don’t panic. Give it time, and you’ll be able to feel your baby move, apart from just that you’ll also be able to figure out the time your baby is the most active! A lack of movement also may mean that your baby is asleep. You may feel fewer kicks and jabs after the 32nd week as your baby gets bigger and has less room to move around in the uterus. However, it is time to call your doctor if your baby has started moving regularly and still you don’t feel at least 10 movements within a span of two hours. We will also provide you with a guideline defining how baby movements occur depending on the weeks of pregnancy. Do give it a read, it will be very helpful: Week 12: Your baby should start to move, but you probably won't be able to feel anything, because the baby is still so small. Week 16: Some pregnant women will start to feel tiny butterfly-like flutters. The feeling might just be gas, or it might be the baby moving. Week 20: By this point in your baby's development, you may start to really feel your baby's first movements, called "quickening." Week 24: The baby's movements are starting to become more established. You might also begin to feel slight twitches as your baby hiccups. Week 28: Your baby is moving often now. Some of the kicks and jabs may take your breath away. Week 36: Your uterus is getting crowded as the baby grows, and movements should slow down a bit. However, alert your healthcare provider if you notice significant changes in your baby’s usual activity. You should feel consistent movement throughout the day. We hope that this article has provided all going to be mothers and fathers ample information on baby movements, how to monitor the baby movements, and when one should visit their doctor! Thank you for taking out your precious time and reading this article! Content Source Featured Image Source