Pregnancy Journey

Pregnancy journey, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman

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Your pregnancy in weeks and months

Calculating your pregnancy in weeks, months and trimesters can be pretty confusing for some mothers-to-be, especially if it is their first pregnancy. However, here are a few FAQs to help you understand this simple pregnancy math and calculate exactly how far you are in your pregnancy.     How many weeks, months and trimesters does a pregnancy have? A pregnancy has 40 weeks. The count of these weeks starts from the first day of your last period. Essentially, you do not come to know about week 1-4 as a pregnancy is usually detected in week 5, when mothers-to-be realize that they have missed their period. Though, there are other signs earlier on, this one is the most decisive one. A pregnancy is referred to as nine months. Four weeks is 28 days and each month, except February, is either 30 or 31 days, making it approximately 4.3 weeks long. So, if you divide 40 weeks by 4.3, you get approximately 9 months. A pregnancy has three trimesters of 13 or 14 weeks each. The first trimester is week 1-13; the second, week 14-27; and the third trimester, weeks 28-40. All pregnancies might not complete the designated 40 weeks. However, a baby born anywhere between week 37-41 would be considered a full-term baby. Why is the pregnancy counted from the first day of the last period? If possible, all pregnancies should be counted from the exact day when the baby was conceived, no? But this is not possible as most women do not know when they ovulate and on which date they had conceived the child. However, what they do know is the day when their last period began. Therefore, to simplify and universalize the count, this method of counting pregnancy weeks was adopted. What if my periods are irregular or I do not remember the date of my last period? In both these cases, the exact due date would then be provided by the first ultrasound scan, which would happen between week 10 and 12. The doctor would measure the growth of the baby to predict how far along you are in your pregnancy. Based on this, your due date would be calculated.   How is my due date calculated? The doctor counts 280 days or 40 weeks from the first day of your last period to arrive at your due date. However, remember that the due date is just an estimate and less than 5 percent of babies are actually born on their due date. Babies usually make an appearance between weeks 37 and 42. My doctor says that I am 14 weeks pregnant and my scan doctor says that I am in the 15th week of my pregnancy. Who is right? Actually, both are right. When you are in the 15th week of pregnancy, you have completed 14 weeks and are yet to complete the 15th week. Therefore, both, being 14 weeks pregnant and being in the 15th week of pregnancy, are correct. Featured Image Source

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South Indian (Third Trimester) - Non-Vegetarian Diet Chart

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South Indian (Third Trimester) - Vegetarian Diet Chart

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North Indian (Third Trimester) - Non-Vegetarian Diet Chart

North Indian (Third Trimester) - Vegetarian Diet Chart

Pregnancy diet plans: trimester by trimester

If you're looking for ideas on what to eat to have a healthy pregnancy, you've come to the right place. These meal plans, also called pregnancy diet plans or diet charts. They are made using foods that have the nutrients you need at your stage of pregnancy. You can pick and choose from the delicious dishes suggested to further adapt the meal plan to your tastes. How to use our pregnancy diet charts Our diet charts are a general guide to help you plan your weekly meals better. The aim is to help you identify foods that you like, which are good sources of the nutrients you need at your stage of pregnancy. Keep in mind that The plans are made with fruit and vegetables available in all seasons so that no matter what season you are in, you will find food sources in the market for the nutrients you need. If a fruit or vegetable is not available for you, replace it with any other that is in season and offers the same nutrients. A single food can be a source of multiple nutrients. So you might find the same food source is recommended in one trimester for a certain nutrient, and in another trimester for a different one. For example, lentils (dal) are a good source of folic acid, omega 3 fatty acids and iron, particularly for vegetarians. What else do I need to know? If you have any medical condition, allergies or follow a special diet plan please check with your doctor first before changing your diet. If you have gestational diabetes, please refer to our gestational diabetes meal plan. While using our meal plans, stay hydrated with eight to 12 glasses of water a day. First-trimester pregnancy diet plans (4 - 13 weeks) Although you need a variety of nutrients all through your pregnancy to keep yourself and your baby healthy, we have selected a few which are particularly important for your baby's development in your first trimester. The most important nutrients you need during the first trimester are folic acid, iron, and vitamin B6. Folic acid protects your baby from neural tube disorders such as spina bifida and other birth disorders like cleft palate. Iron is essential to make healthy red blood cells that carry oxygen around your body. Not having enough iron can leave you tired and breathless. Iron deficiency anaemia (low Hb) is common in India so this nutrient is important throughout pregnancy. Morning sickness might leave you feeling queasy and unable to eat much. There is some evidence to suggest that vitamin B6 might help to ease nausea.     Second-trimester pregnancy diet plans (14 - 27 weeks) In the second trimester, your baby's bones are growing and so is his brain. You need plenty of calcium and vitamin D for growing healthy bones and omega 3 is essential for your baby's brain development. Another nutrient we have marked in our meal planners for the second trimester is betacarotene, a form of vitamin A that helps give us healthy blood and skin. We have also continued to highlight iron-rich foods since anaemia (low Hb) is so common in India, especially among vegetarians.     Third-trimester pregnancy diet plans (28 - 40 weeks) In the third trimester, your baby’s growth will speed up as he gains weight and prepares for life outside the womb. Because of this, you'll find that you’re gaining weight rapidly. Try not to worry too much about the extra kilos, as long as you're eating a well-balanced and healthy diet. Your energy requirement will increase as your baby is building layers of fat. Vitamin K is essential for blood to clot, which is important after childbirth. So it is recommended that in your third trimester you eat plenty of food rich in vitamin K so that your body is not low on this vital nutrient at birth. As in the first and second trimesters, iron continues to be an important nutrient in your third trimester to prevent anaemia. If you are anaemic, and the condition goes untreated, you are at higher risk of having premature labour.     Content Source Feature Image Source

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Maternity fashion: How to dress for your trimester

When it comes to dressing during pregnancy, comfort and style are key. But what feels right in week 9 may feel downright wrong by week 14. And what perfectly flatters your curves during the second trimester may become rather indecent by the tail end of your pregnancy. First Trimester Mum's the word The challenge: Keeping your pregnancy under wraps. Many people don't want to divulge their growing secret until at least the second trimester. What to do: Go into your closet and put aside anything that's too tight or clingy. Stick with silhouettes that flow over belly, hips, and thighs that can camouflage the few pounds you may gain in the first months. Wear soft knits, A-line skirts, Empire-waisted tops and frocks, wrap shirts and dresses. Another great piece for the first trimester: a "blouson" style top – that is, one that has a fitted waistband at the bottom but some roominess above the band. The fabric falls loosely over your belly while the fitted waistband keeps the look more tailored, less muumuu. Throw on a pair of boot-cut stretch jeans for a comfortable, pulled-together look. Not ready for maternity wear The challenge: Most maternity clothes have too much fabric for your barely there bump, but you've grown enough in other places that your pre-pregnancy clothes just don't fit. What to do: Stretch your wardrobe with a couple of key additions. Buy one of those stretchy bands (i.e., a Belly Band) that you can place at the top of your jeans, over the waistband that will no longer button or zip. The band will keep your pants up, and no one will know they're unbuttoned. In a pinch, you can also use a rubber band looped over the button and through the buttonhole to do the same thing, minus the smoothing effect of the band. Stock up on layering tanks. Wear them under tops that no longer button all the way. Throw one or two on under an oversize cardigan or blazer. The dumpy dilemma The challenge: You're worried about looking like you've simply let yourself go. No cute bump yet, just an overall thickening. What to do: Steer clear of too tight, loaded-with-Lycra clothes. While these curve- hugging tops will show off your bump later, right now you'll feel too much like a sausage in a tight casing. Avoid tops that are too billowy and tent-like, as well. Look for ones that flow gracefully over the extra pounds beneath while still having a bit of shape. Tunics are a great choice.  While fitted across the shoulders and arms, a tunic flows gracefully across the middle, disguising extra weight. An exception to the anti-cling rule: tank tops and other garments with built-in shaping panels, which can help smooth out the sudden pooch or contain your growing breasts. Top these tanks with a body-skimming top or cardigan made of a smooth jersey fabric. Second Trimester On a budget The challenge: You feel like every few weeks you're a new size and don't want to blow your budget on new clothes every month. What to do: Invest in a few items that will grow with you. Look for pieces that have details like ruching, tie-backs, buttons or gathering at the sides, and wraps, which will all let you adjust your clothing as your body grows and changes. What's more, they will let you flatteringly flaunt your bump, which usually pops out during this time. Busting out The challenge: Your boobs are busting out all over. What to do: If you haven't already, now's the time to invest in a few great bras. While you may choose to go for bigger sizes of your favorite bra, you might want to consider the comfort and expandability of maternity or nursing bras. Most women find that not only do their cups runneth over, but their band size (the circumference around your back) will grow too. Besides moving up a band size (or two), you can also find inexpensive bra extenders at most lingerie stores. From work to weekend The challenge: You need a few workhorse items that will go from work to weekend without sacrificing comfort. What to do: Embrace the wrap dress. Or rather, let the wrap dress – in a sleek solid color or a color-blocked pattern – embrace your curves. You'll look perfectly pulled together for the office and be comfortable and stylish for running weekend errands.  As your bump gets bigger and higher, simply change where you place the tie, eventually making the frock into an Empire-waisted garment, giving much-needed definition between bosom and belly. Another faithful, versatile item to choose: a pair of dark denim maternity boot-cut jeans with the stretchy fabric built right into the waistband. The cut and color will flatter you throughout the entire pregnancy and work for almost any work or social situation. Third Trimester Laboring through the last months The challenge: You feel huge and uncomfortable. Buttons, zippers, and even waistbands are increasingly torturous. What to do: Try an Empire-waisted maxi dress – an ankle-length flowing knit dress that you can wear even after the baby has arrived. Added benefit: it's so easy – throw it on and you're good to go! Pair a tunic in a comfy knit fabric over maternity leggings. You'll feel comfy and stylish. A case of the doldrums The challenge: You've embraced the monochromatic look (blacks, grays, etc.) because it's slimming and easy – but you want to add a bit more oomph to your look. What to do: Match your accessories to the bravado of your bump! As your belly grows, swap out the demure studs for a bigger, bolder earring. Add a scarf that has a bold, funky pattern. Don't be afraid to add a little drama to your look – have fun dressing around your belly! Try an animal-print bag, a thick stack of skinny gold bracelets, or a bright chunky necklace and matching cocktail ring. The homestretch The challenge: You're getting bored with your clothes, but it's the last leg of your pregnancy and you don't want to buy more. What to do: Give your wardrobe a boost with something you can wear later and that will punch up any outfit you're currently sick of: shoes! Whether you choose a ballet-style flat or a mule with a sliver of a kitten heel, you'll slip in and step out in style and comfort. Plus, no laces or buckles mean no bending over your burgeoning belly. Look for a pair in a fabulous animal print or bold color to snap you out of your wardrobe woes. Choose shoes that have a slightly pointy toe instead of a rounded one, which can make your legs look shorter. Feature Image Source  

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Third trimester sleep: A distant memory!

Most women, who have been through pregnancy, find it troublesome to sleep during some stage of their pregnancy term. A good night’s sleep gradually becomes a distant memory as the mother moves closer to the date of delivery. Here is a guide on what to expect in terms of sleep during the third trimester of pregnancy. Trouble being Comfortable As you move closer to the end of your pregnancy term, getting sleep becomes a hazy memory. The baby bump just gets bigger and by the third trimester it’s big enough to not let you lie on the bed comfortably. Try sleeping on your left side with pillow fit between your knees and behind your back. If this doesn’t help, settle in a comfortable chair. When you are due by four to six weeks, you will realise that the best sleep that you get is when you sit up. Pressure on the Bladder Do you remember having spent more time in the bathroom than outside during the first trimester? Well, that phase will be back by the time you are approaching or are already in your last trimester. This time, however, it is the baby that is putting pressure on your bladder. To cut the number of trips you make to the loo, you may reduce the number of fluids you take, especially in the late afternoon so you can have a peaceful sleep at night. Heartburn When you are in the third trimester of pregnancy, you are likely to experience heartburn, leg cramps, snoring, restless leg syndrome and the baby’s kicking and squirming at night. Several studies have shown that pregnant women in their last trimester experience only few periods of deep sleep and are more likely to wake up in the middle of the night than they did before. It is during the third trimester that a pregnant woman’s sleep pattern takes a nose dive. Tips Once you have crossed the 28th week, it is advisable that you sleep on either side. Avoid lying flat on your back when you are beyond 28 weeks or in labour as the pressure of the womb that is carrying the baby, the amniotic acid and placenta may add strain on blood veins and block blood circulation to your brain and heart.  This may also lead to a decline in the blood pressure and thereby cause you to be dizzy apart from causing other negative impact on the baby and its heart pulse. Content Source  

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Eating well in your third trimester: 37-40 weeks

Some women do not prefer eating at all at this stage but there are women who face the first stage for very long period; so, they need snacks and drinks from time to time. Here are few tips that can help you through. Eating Healthy With Your Baby In The First Two Weeks Once the baby is born, it’s not over yet. You still need to continue to have healthy food to recover and to breastfeed your baby. However you cannot cook alone; so, take help of your relatives or cook and keep it in your fridge. You can use it for a week and eat in batches. If you don’t have enough support or you are living just with your husband then you may want to hire a cook and a maid. Let them look after the kitchen till you recover and are able to do the household works. Some also prefer to order food from reputed restaurants. So, think about it and choose an option appropriate for you. Breakfast As always keep your breakfast simple yet healthy. Prefer a bowl of milk with cereal like cornflakes or sandwiches with lots of veggies. Salads are also good to start but make sure to have a glass of milk for energy. Keeping your breakfast simple will help you a lot by saving time and energy. Lunch Soups can be a good idea to go for. Beetroot is rich in folate, magnesium, potassium. Avoid adding cream or yogurt while preparing beetroot juice and freeze it so that you have it in batches. You need beetroot, carrot, celery, potato, onion, olive oil, vegetable stock, bay leaves, etc. to prepare this. Once you peel the beetroot grate it or process it and cut carrot into small pieces. Add celery and potato pieces and blitz it. Heat some olive oil in a saucepan and stir in some chopped onion. Once it turn light brown add vegetables, stock and bay leaves. Boil and cover the lid. Let it boil over low flame for 25 minutes and then blend it to smooth liquid using food processor. If you add cream or yogurt then do not store it. Snack Try having fruity flapjacks in the evening as oats present in it is rich in fibre. It can be stored in the freezer for few days. You will need sunflower margarine, demerara sugar, golden syrup, porridge oats and chopped dates. Preheat the oven to 200 degrees C and heat margarine and sugar till they melt completely. Stir in the golden syrup, oats, dates and mix the ingredients well. Take a greased baking tin and press into it and bake for 12 to 15 minutes until it turns golden brown. Remove and keep it aside to cool down. Cut the flapjacks and leave it to cool down. You can also have fresh fruit juice, smoothies like mango smoothie, tomato apple juice, baked banana chips, etc. Dinner Have you ever tried ragu sauce before? On freezing it, ragu sauce will can be stay for a couple of days. Have it with pasta, lasagne sheets and cheese sausage. You need lean minced beef, finely chopped onion, crushed garlic clove, smoked bacon pieces, chopped tomatoes, sundried tomatoes, red wine and oregano. Take the beef in a non-stick pan and heat it; keep stirring while breaking up this mixture. Add chopped onion, bacon, garlic and heat it to fry. Keep stirring and cooking till onions turn soft. Chop the sundried tomatoes and add them to the pan along with chopped canned tomatoes, herbs and some wine. Let this boil for some time and then reduce the flame. Cover the lid and leave it for 35 to 40 minutes and then stir well. Alcohol in the wine you added will cook off slowly. Take it out and let it cool down before you have it. This was easy to prepare this; similarly, you can try many simple yet healthy recipes to get nutrients from the food.   Feature Image Source  

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