Natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently.
Ask anything about miscarriage
Guys a few days back some one posted that at 31 weeks she had abortion but nothing was clear from her side as scan huya k nh doppler huya ya nh and aise kaise dr ne kaha 6 months se growth nh ho rahi....m really scared aisa bhi ho sakte hai...if anybody has understood that post pls explain...
What causes low amniotic fluid during pregnancy
The amniotic fluid is part of the baby’s life support system. It protects your baby and aids in the development of muscles, limbs, lungs and digestive system. Amniotic fluid is produced soon after the amniotic sac forms at about 12 days after conception. It is first made up of water that is provided by the mother, and then around 20 weeks fetal urine becomes the primary substance. As the baby grows he or she will move and tumble in the womb with the help of the amniotic fluid. In the second trimester the baby will begin to breathe and swallow the amniotic fluid. In some cases the amniotic fluid may measure too low or too high. If the measurement of amniotic fluid is too low it is called oligohydramnios. If the measurement of amniotic fluid is too high it is called polyhydramnios. What is oligohydramnios? Oligohydramnios is the condition of having too little amniotic fluid. Doctors can measure the amount of fluid through a few different methods, most commonly through amniotic fluid index (AFI) evaluation or deep pocket measurements. If an AFI shows a fluid level of less than 5 centimeters (or less than the 5th percentile), the absence of a fluid pocket 2-3 cm in depth, or a fluid volume of less than 500mL at 32-36 weeks gestation, then a diagnosis of oligohydramnios would be suspected. About 8% of pregnant women can have low levels of amniotic fluid, with about 4% being diagnosed with oligohydramnios. It can occur at any time during pregnancy, but it is most common during the last trimester. If a woman is past her due date by two weeks or more, she may be at risk for low amniotic fluid levels since fluids can decrease by half once she reaches 42 weeks gestation. Oligohydramnios can cause complications in about 12% of pregnancies that go past 41 weeks. What causes low amniotic fluid? Birth defects – Problems with the development of the kidneys or urinary tract which could cause little urine production, leading to low levels of amniotic fluid. Placental problems – If the placenta is not providing enough blood and nutrients to the baby, then the baby may stop recycling fluid. Leaking or rupture of membranes –This may be a gush of fluid or a slow constant trickle of fluid. This is due to a tear in the membrane. Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) can also result in low amniotic fluid levels. Post Date Pregnancy– A post date pregnancy (one that goes over 42 weeks) can have low levels of amniotic fluid, which could be a result of declining placental function. Maternal Complications– Factors such as maternal dehydration, hypertension, preeclampsia, diabetes, and chronic hypoxia can have an effect on amniotic fluid levels. What are the risks of having low amniotic fluid? The risks associated with oligohydramnios often depend on the gestation of the pregnancy. The amniotic fluid is essential for the development of muscles, limbs, lungs, and the digestive system. In the second trimester, the baby begins to breathe and swallow the fluid to help their lungs grow and mature. The amniotic fluid also helps the baby develop muscles and limbs by providing plenty of room to move around. If oligohydramnios is detected in the first half of pregnancy, the complications can be more serious and include: Compression of fetal organs resulting in birth defects Increased chance of miscarriage or stillbirth If oligohydramnios is detected in the second half of pregnancy, complications can include: Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) Preterm birth Labor complications such as cord compression, meconium stained fluid and cesarean delivery What treatments are available if I am experiencing low amniotic fluid? The treatment for low levels of amniotic fluid is based on gestational age. If you are not full term yet, your doctor will monitor you and your levels very closely. Tests such as non-stress and contraction stress test may be done to monitor your baby’s activity. If you are close to full term, then delivery is usually what most doctors recommend in situations of low amniotic fluid levels. Other treatments that may be used include: Amnio-infusion during labor through an intrauterine catheter. This added fluid helps with padding around the umbilical cord during delivery and is reported to help lower the chances of a cesarean delivery. Injection of fluid prior to delivery through amniocentesis. The condition of oligohydramnios is reported to often return within one week of this procedure, but it can aid in helping doctors visualize fetal anatomy and make a diagnosis. Maternal re-hydration with oral fluids or IV fluids has shown to help increase amniotic fluid levels. content source
Salt craving during pregnancy
Salt is the main source of dietary sodium for us. Here is why it is important to consume salt during pregnancy: In the absence of salt, your nerves, muscles, and organs would not be able to function properly during pregnancy. In pregnancy, your body’s fluids increase in order to support your growing baby and sodium plays an important role in that. The presence of iodine in table salts is essential for the development of your baby’s brain and nervous system. Iodine deficiency during pregnancy may lead to stillbirths, abnormal brain development, miscarriage, and other medical complications. In a study, it was established that inadequate salt intake during pregnancy resulted in low birth weight infants. Inadequate salt intake during pregnancy increases the chances of foetal death. The daily sodium intake for pregnancy should be around 3.8 grams of table salt per day; however, the upper limit may extend up to 5.8 grams. Here are some side-effects of high sodium intake during pregnancy: Consumption of more salt in pregnancy may make you feel bloated. High salt intake may lead to water retention. More salt in your diet may cause excessive swelling of ankles, legs, feet or face. Increased amounts of salt in your diet may lead to high blood pressure or preeclampsia. Taking more amounts of salt may lead to loss of calcium (through urination) from the body. Content Source Featured Image Source
Abdominal pain during pregnancy
Abdominal pain during pregnancy can happen quite often and can become very uncomfortable at times. But how do you decide what pain is acceptable and when it indicates something more serious? Here’s everything you need to know about abdominal pain during pregnancy. Is abdominal pain during pregnancy normal? Abdominal pain is a common occurrence during pregnancy and is normal in a healthy pregnancy. Carrying a baby puts pressure on your muscles, joints, veins. As your baby grows, the uterus tilts to the right which causes pain in the right side. The ligaments on both sides of your body grow to accommodate your growing baby so you may feel pain on both sides of the stomach. Having sex may sometimes trigger abdominal pain and cramping, especially during the third trimester. It might be a good idea to keep the sex soft at this time. How to deal with normal abdominal pain during pregnancy? Getting some rest is the best way to deal with the cramps. Other methods include sitting down with your feet up, lying on the side opposite to the one which hurts, taking a warm bath, and using a hot water bottle or a heated wheat bag on the area which hurts. When can abdominal pain mean something more? Abdominal pain can be an indicator of something more under the following circumstances. Abdominal pain unrelated to pregnancy This could be gas, bloating, UTI, kidney stones or even appendicitis. You should contact your doctor if the pain is accompanied by pain or burning when you pee, spotting or bleeding, vomiting, unusual vaginal discharge, tenderness and pain, chills and fever. Abdominal pain during an early miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy If abdominal pain is accompanied by bleeding in your first trimester it could be an early miscarriage. You may also have painful cramping and dark, watery blood if you have an ectopic pregnancy in your first trimester. In either case, it’s best to go to the doctor immediately. Abdominal pain during a late miscarriage Abdominal pain in the second trimester is usually nothing to worry about. In rare cases, it may indicate a late miscarriage only if it’s accompanied by bleeding. It usually occurs between 12 and 24 weeks. Abdominal pain in the third trimester Severe abdominal pain in the third trimester could be an indicator of premature labour. In this case, you would feel pain in your pelvic or lower tummy area, backache, mild tummy cramps and diarrhoea. You may even have your water breaking, and regular contractions, or uterus tightening. This may happen between 24 weeks and 37 weeks of pregnancy and your doctor should be consulted immediately.
Helo friends....PCOD me pregnancy ho skti h kya plz btao the but tension h..2 seal ho bye h marriage ko..
Sex during and after pregnancy
One of the most common doubts that pregnant mothers and their partners have is whether and how pregnancy will affect their sex life. Is it normal and healthy to have sexual intercourse or does it adversely impact your unborn child? Here’s everything you need to know about sex during and after pregnancy. Sex During Pregnancy In the case of a normal pregnancy, it is perfectly okay to have sex right up until the very end. Your uterus has strong muscular walls along with the amniotic sac which provides protection for your baby. It makes sure the penetration of your partner’s penis cannot harm the baby in any way. If you are worried about infection, then rest assured; the cervix is sealed by a thick mucus plug that prevents any infections. Your baby may thrash about when you orgasm, however, it is only reacting to your heart rate and does not experience any discomfort. Different women react differently to the idea of sex during pregnancy. Some feel less sexual desire, while others feel more interested in sex than before. In either case, it is important to talk openly with your partner about what you are going through and to experiment with different positions and arousal techniques. If you are not 100% sure about your partner’s sexual history, be especially careful to use condoms during pregnancy. Not only do you continue to risk getting an STD when you’re pregnant, but you also risk harming your baby in the process. When Not to Have Sex During Pregnancy Your doctor may advise you to refrain from having sex under the following special circumstances. If you have a history of miscarriages. If you have a history/tendency towards preterm labour. If your placenta is lying low in your uterus. If your cervix has opened too early in the pregnancy. If you’re expecting more than one baby. If you have undergone fertility treatment. If you or your partner has a sexually transmitted disease. If you’re having vaginal bleeding without any known cause. Sex After Pregnancy During the postpartum period, around 6 weeks after the birth of your child, sexual desire in new mothers is almost zero. This is due to a number of reasons. Postpartum bleeding usually lasts between 4 to 6 weeks. Recovering from incisions (vaginal or abdominal depending on the kind of delivery). Sore breasts from continuous breastfeeding. Emotional issues that arise from stress, sleep deprivation, fatigue, and postpartum depression. Most doctors recommend waiting at least 6 weeks after the birth of your child in order to have sex because it takes some time for the vaginal incisions to heal. At the same time, your emotional and mental readiness to have sex is also important. It is essential for both you and your partner to be patient with each other and to realize that it takes most couples a year after childbirth to get their sex lives on track. Featured Image Source
Dear friend ,this app shows me 6week pregnant but today in my report means ultrasound show only sac not fetal , I had face one miscarriage before ,I m really worried about it plz help me ,I m upset today
Dream dekhne ki to limits hi cross ho ja rahi h...kal maine apne miscarriage ki dream dekhi...ab batao kya karu...very much scared @ 4.30 clock...😰
Is implantation bleeding the same when you have IVF treatment?
Among the concerns of people undergoing IVF or any other assisted fertility treatment is the question of whether the symptoms of pregnancy will be the same in the event of successful embryo transfer and implantation. In a word, yes. Although some of the stages of IVF are stimulated by the administration of medication, and in spite of the fact that the actual joining of egg and sperm takes place in the laboratory, the end result is identical. Let’s look at a brief summary of the steps that lead up to the all-important embryo implantation. The first step is ovarian stimulation which causes the ovaries to produce a number of oocytes. Next, when the oocytes have reached a suitable stage of maturity, they are extracted so that they can be mixed in the laboratory with prepared sperm. This is the point at which fertilization takes place and embryos are formed. These are observed as they develop in the laboratory and undergo any tests which are necessary. The most sound and viable embryo are then inserted into the woman’s uterus. That, in a nutshell, is the end of the process. The implantation of the embryo into the wall of the womb, once it has been placed inside the woman’s uterus, is not part of the assisted reproduction process; it is something that occurs naturally in exactly the same way as in normal sexual conception. This final stage is not guaranteed to take place as a result of IVF treatment, any more than unprotected sex at a fertile time is guaranteed to result in pregnancy. This explains how, in terms of the symptoms that you can expect, including any implantation bleeding, they are exactly the same in the case of assisted reproduction. How heavy can implantation bleed be? Can implantation bleeding have clots? Usually bleeding which occurs as a result of the implantation of an embryo is either spotting or light bleeding. It is not normally heavy and does not have clots in the way that a normal period can. If you suspect you may be pregnant and do experience heavy bleeding or clotting, then you should get medical advice as it could signal a problem or even the start of an early miscarriage. On the other hand, if you have no other reason to suspect that you’re pregnant, this type of bleeding is much more likely to be simply the start of your period. Content Source Featured Image Source
Can repeated scans affect the baby?
Ultrasound scans are used more frequently today than even just 10 years ago. It is quite normal for a mum to have five scans even if she has a completely normal, uncomplicated pregnancy. This is because scans are more accessible and affordable now and doctors use them to gather information more accurately on all points of your pregnancy, from the due date to the position and growth of your baby. That being said, the long term effects of repeated ultrasound exposure on a fetus are not fully known. It is therefore best to only have as many scans as your doctor feels necessary for medical reasons. The ultrasound probe emits high frequency sound waves that bounce off your baby to produce an image. These waves also produce heat. Scientists say that increasing the temperature of the tissues being scanned by 4 degrees C - for example, from 36 degrees C to 40 degrees C - may cause harmful effects. In practice however, ordinary 2D, 3D or 4D scanning that is used to get images of your baby produces very little heat (less than 1 degree C). This is because the ultrasound intensity used is low, and spread over a large area. Your baby is further protected from the heat by the amniotic fluid he is floating in. The fluid helps distribute any heat that is produced so that no single part of your baby's body is exposed to the heat. Your baby is also moving around which helps distribute the heat more evenly. When does the Doctor Advice to Perform Scans Multiple Times and Why can't they be avoided? You may require more frequent ultrasounds if you: Carry twins or multiples Have an existing medical condition that may complicate your delivery Are over 35 years of age Have a problem that has been detected in your previous scans Have a history of miscarriages or stillbirth Are ultrasounds safe? There’s no evidence that scans are harmful, if used according to the guidelines. Ultrasound scans have been used in pregnancy for decades. The person carrying out the scans (sonographer) will follow all the right guidelines to ensure that you and your baby are safe. Will the way ultrasound works affect my baby? No, having an ultrasound won't affect your baby. Ultrasound sends sound waves through your womb (uterus), which bounce off your baby's body. The echoes are turned into an image on a screen, so your sonographer can see your baby’s position and movements. The frequency or length of the sound waves depends on how far along your pregnancy is and the type of scan being carried out. Studies have found no link between ultrasound and birth weight, childhood cancers, dyslexia, or problems with eyesight or hearing. Almost all women want a scan during pregnancy, so it's hard to find women who haven't had one to make a comparison. That in itself may reassure you. During an ultrasound scan, the equipment generates a small amount of heat which is absorbed by the part of the body that's being scanned. Antenatal scans produce less than one degree C. This means they're fine for you and your baby. It's only if the temperature of the scanned body tissue rises by four degrees C that harm may be caused. Ultrasounds are a medically endorsed way to look into the pregnancy and see how your little one is coming along. The benefits of the ultrasounds weigh out the possible risks in cases where your pregnancy requires monitoring. However, it is safe to address any concerns you may have about this with your doctor.
Pros of getting pregnant in your early 20's
If you're trying to get pregnant in your 20s, time is on your side and biology is, too. Your body is ready for pregnancy, and probably will be for a while if you decide to wait to start your family. That said, pregnancy at any age has advantages and disadvantages. Pros Experts say the average woman's fertility peaks in her early 20s. So, from a strictly biological perspective, this is the best decade for conceiving and carrying a baby. Like every woman, you're born with all the eggs you will ever have about 1 to 2 million. By puberty, the number of your eggs about 300,000 to 500,000, but your ovaries release only about 300 during your reproductive years. As you get older, your ovaries age along with the rest of your body and the quality of your eggs gradually deteriorates. That's why a younger woman's eggs are less likely than an older woman's to have genetic abnormalities that cause Down syndrome and other birth defects. The risk of miscarriage is also far lower: It's about 10 percent for women in their 20s, 12 percent for women in their early 30s, and 18 percent for women in their mid to late 30s. Miscarriage risk jumps to about 34 percent for women in their early 40s, and 53 percent by age 45. Pregnancy is often physically easier for women in their 20s because there's a lower risk of health complications like high blood pressure and diabetes. You're also less likely to have gynecological problems, like uterine fibroids, which often become more problematic over time. Finally, younger women are less likely to have premature or low-birth-weight babies than women older than 35. In terms of fertility, it doesn't matter if you start trying to get pregnant in your early 20s or your late 20s, the difference in a woman's fertility in her early and late 20s is negligible. Once the baby comes, as a 20-something mom you're likely to have the resilience to wake up with the baby several times during the night and still be able to function the next day. You'll also have a lot of company as you chase your little one around the playground: when your own child has children of her own, odds are you'll still have the energy to be an actively involved grandparent. Besides the physical advantages, there are other pluses: You're more flexible in your 20s, which is good for your marriage and for the transition to parenthood. When people get married later in life, instead of "our way," there is often "my way" and "your way," which can make marriage and parenting difficult. Content Source Featured Image Source
How an abortion affects your chance of getting pregnant again?
Whatever your reason for having an abortion was – and whether it was years ago or recently – it's important to know that it doesn’t mean it will affect your chances of one day being a mum. However, it’s completely natural to worry about how your abortion may have affected your chances of getting pregnant again, but happily, in a large majority of cases no problems crop up. Of course, just like with any operation, there is a small chance that complications can arise that may affect your fertility or pregnancy. And while this is rare, it’s a good idea to be aware of what these risks are: What are the risk factors that could affect pregnancy? There is a possible link between abortion and certain pregnancy and birth related risks and while these are uncommon, they are good to know about. ‘If there was a problem during your abortion, you may face difficulties getting – or staying – pregnant,’ says Dr Geetha Venkat, director of Harley Street Fertility Clinic. ‘The first step for the termination procedure is dilation of the cervix. In case of a tight cervix, more force has to be used to dilate it, which can traumatise the tissue. This can lead to an incompetent or weak cervix that can result in miscarriage or preterm birth.’ Am I more at risk if I've had more than one abortion? If you’ve had a few abortions, you are at a higher risk of having an infection after the procedure. ‘Worst case scenario, this can block the fallopian tubes,’ explains Dr Venkat. ‘If the tubes are blocked, the egg and sperm cannot meet and natural conception will not occur.’ In this instance, Dr Venkat would advise IVF treatment, which can still result in a healthy, happy baby. What if I had complications during my abortion? You shouldn’t have a huge amount of pain after having your abortion – if you do, make sure you get checked out to avoid long-lasting consequences. ‘Strong stomach pains could mean there is some of the conception left behind,’ explains Dr Venkat. ‘The prolonged bleeding may lead to anaemia and weakness, or possibly an infection, which results in tubal blockage.’ Although it’s small, there is a chance that the lining of the womb can be damaged during an abortion. ‘This can make it difficult to conceive, and how hard it will be is something that a doctor can verify,’ says Dr Venkat. However, it doesn’t always make it impossible so keep trying – and make lifestyle changes to improve your chances when trying to conceive. How to get pregnant after an abortion? After having an abortion, you should wait at least a month before getting pregnant again – your body has gone through a lot and needs time to rest up before it’s ready to take on another life. Content and Feature Image Source