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Essential items to pack in your hospital bag
Your delivery is just round the corner and you are so stressed that you keep forgetting what to keep for the D-Day. So here's a quick check list for you to organize yourself and enjoy your less chaotic days. Smartphone and Charger It's true that today you just can't be without your phone. Since you may be messaging, calling or replying a lot, before and after the delivery, keep your chargers handy, too. Important Documents A picture ID, health insurance information, and hospital registration forms. Even if you've already registered at the hospital, some hospitals need to confirm your records before they can admit you. Toiletries Deodorant, body wash, shampoo, facial cleansing wipes, toothpaste, and a toothbrush are necessities. Don’t forget the lip balm and moisturizer – hospitals rooms may make your skin dry, so keep all your personal stuff ready. Hair Care Products Head bands, shampoo, conditoner, dry shampoo, oil, and hair brush. Cash and Change Hospital food for your partner and tips to the staff at the end of your stay will make you run out of change. So stuff your wallets.Homecoming Outfit for Baby Pack a newborn-size kimono-style shirt, with footed pants so you don't have to bring socks. You'll likely get a receiving blanket and hat in the hospital, so skip those unless you've got your heart set on a specific style. Extra Outfit for You Here's a hint: You'll probably still look about 5 months pregnant, so skip your non-maternity skinnies and pack your favorite maternity dress or leggings and a tunic. (Trust us: Not fitting into your going-home outfit is a bummer!) Sleepwear and Underwear A cotton nightie will be much more comfortable than a hospital gown, and a robe will come in handy for walking the hallways. Several pairs of undies are also a must for any hospital bag checklist (briefs, maternity, or disposables like Depends) if you don't want to wear the mesh underwear the hospital gives you after delivery.Flip-Flops Bring flip-flops for the shower or to wear home if your feet are swollen. Slippers and/or Heavy Socks Keep your toes toasty and clean, whether you're in bed or strolling around on the cold tile floor. Bring a pair that's easily laundered, as they may get a bit dirty. Extra Undies and Extra-Absorbent Pads You're going to need these after delivery. It might also be helpful to pack lidocaine spray or witch hazel pads (to relieve pain from tearing). Nursing Bra Bring a nursing tank or bra that's comfortable enough to sleep in. Music, Movies, and Magazines, Books. Load up your smartphone or tablet with tunes and anything you might want to binge-watch on Netflix. It'll help district you—and your partner—during a long labor. An Extra Bag or Two With all the goodies from the hospital—diapers, blankets, and creams—and all the gifts from well wishers, you're bound to have more stuff coming out than you did going in. For the Baby: Most of the things will be provided by the hospital and you will be charged for those anyway, but you could keep these. A set of clothes to take baby back home in A few sets of clothes/onesies/tops for baby to change into while in the hospital Caps A blanket for the crib A blanket to carry baby back home in Diapers Wipes
Hiii. Kal mera due date Hai. Abhi tak labour pain k koi symptoms Nhi Hai. Walk exercises Sab kr rahi hu. Dr ne Kal admit hone ko bola hai. M very much scared Kya hoga. Mai normal delivery chahti hu. 😔
Why is pubic hair shaved before the delivery?
Some say you should, and some say you shouldn’t. You are left confused whether or not you should shave your pubic hair before delivery. Before you enter the labor room, you, usually, go through perineal hair shaving. It could be annoying and might unleash a myriad of emotions. Why Is Pubic Hair Shaved Before Delivery? In many hospitals, it is a practice to get pregnant women shave their pubic hair before delivery. Here are the reasons why it is done : To make your childbirth hygienic To rule out any chances of infection if an episiotomy (a cut made at the opening of the vagina to help a difficult delivery or to prevent tissue rupture during childbirth) is performed To make suturing easier Helpful in Caesarian deliveries Sometimes, the nurse or a helper at the hospital does the job for you but it could be embarrassing to get it done by a stranger. If you want to be clean-shaven for your labor, then you may want to get it done in advance. When Should You Shave? Experts say that you should not shave or wax seven days before your scheduled delivery – be it a normal or Caesarean. This is primarily to avoid infections on the little cuts in your skin, which could attract bacteria. Shaving pubic hair has been a highly debatable topic. While a number of hospitals advice mothers-to-be to shave, researchers are against it. You may make an informed decision after weighing the pros and cons of pubic shaving. What Are The Benefits And Risks Of Shaving Pubic Hair During Pregnancy? This information might help you decide whether or not to shave your pubic hair: Benefits: Pubic hair is an ideal place for microbe infestation. This makes it necessary to keep the area clean to keep any infections at bay. It stops infections from reaching your baby. As the microbes tend to thrive in the pubic hair, it can get transferred to the baby causing infections. A clean-shaven pubic area provides a better view to the gynecologist if she wants to make any interventions, su4 Rech as using forceps, during your vaginal birth. Trimming or shaving of the pubic hair reduces sweating and keeps the area clean. It is convenient to have a shaved area so that the excessive bleeding post-delivery does not stick to the hair and make it difficult to wash. Risks: If hygiene is not maintained while shaving, it may lead to infections. You must use sterilized or disposable tools for the purpose. The regrowth of hair can cause discomfort due to the itching sensation. If not shaved properly, it can lead to ingrown hair, wherein the hair starts growing inside the skin causing painful bumps. The more practical problem with shaving while pregnant is you need to take somebody’s help because your bump blocks your view of the pubic area. If you are still unable to decide on what to do with your pubic hair, then seek help to clear your concerns. Concerned About Shaving Pubic Hair Before Delivery? Do this: Consult your doctor and discuss your concerns. This will help you decide. Talk with your friends or close family members who have shaved/ not shaved during their labor. This may help change your views about this procedure. If you decide to go ahead with shaving, then do not hesitate to take help from your partner. But make sure you are opting for a safe method. How To Remove Pubic Hair During Pregnancy? Here are various ways you can shave your pubic hair: Waxing and sugaring is a method wherein heated syrup is spread over the skin and lifted off to remove the hair. With the growing belly, it becomes difficult for you to bend and do the shaving. Therefore, get it done in a saloon where an expert can safely carry out the procedure for you. You may use hair removal creams as long as your skin is not sensitive towards them, and you have used them earlier. Chemical substances in the creams break down the hair follicle cells and dissolve it, facilitating easy removal of hair from the pubic area. You can also use electric shavers for a quick shaving of pubic hair. You may use it throughout your pregnancy. Important Tips To Remember If you are removing the pubic hair by yourself: Use your fingers to feel and locate the area while going down and shave off the hair using a hair removal cream. Get into a bathtub and lay on your back. This position could help you see and shave the region. Place a fogless mirror on the wall or the floor such that you can see and angle yourself properly. It helps to guide you while shaving. If a nurse is shaving your pubic hair just before your delivery, then here is what you can do to avoid any anxiety: Do not get embarrassed while your nurse or midwife is carrying out this procedure because it is a standard procedure followed in almost all the hospitals and the midwives are used to it. Make sure that the person uses a new razor pack. The packet should be opened in front of you. If it is hurting you, let your midwife know about it. This is important because any cuts or nicks can lead to infection. Do not panic as this is a routine carried out both during Cesarean and vaginal birth. If you are against pubic hair shaving then let the hospital know about it. Tell your doctor why you do not want a shave, and listen to what she says. Shaving or not shaving pubic hair is a personal choice and depends on your hygiene habits. As there are studies that are for and against shaving, you might want to go by what your doctor says. Featured Image Source
When does your labour really start? 6 early signs & symptoms
There are a number of different signs that may indicate that labour is not too far away. These can occur as much as a week or more before labour begins. You may also feel contractions that make you think you’re experiencing the real thing, but turn out to be practice contractions. Wondering whether you’ll know when you are in early labour? You can find a list of the most common signs of labour given below: Common Labour Signs Although every labour is different and there is no definite set of events, some common early signs of labour include: Lightening Your baby drops lower into your pelvis in the weeks or hours before labour. This is called lightening because you may find breathing a little easier as your baby will no longer be pressing against your diaphragm. On the other hand, you may feel like you need to urinate more often. A Change in Energy Levels You may be feeling extra tired or experiencing a sudden surge of energy in the days or weeks before labour. You might also have the urge to nest and get prepared for the baby. Bloody Show You might notice a thick, pinkish or blood-streaked discharge called a bloody show. This is the mucus plug that sealed your cervix during pregnancy. It usually appears within the two weeks before labour, although it’s not always noticeable. Water Breaking Water breaking is one of the most common labour signs, usually taking place up to a day before delivery (but sometimes only during active labour), when the amniotic sac ruptures and releases the fluid inside. You could experience a gush of water or just a trickle. If your water breaks, notify your doctor or midwife. Early Contractions These feel like menstrual cramps every 20 to 30 minutes, gradually becoming stronger and more frequent. When the contractions occur every three to five minutes, you’re in active labour. Time your contractions, or have someone time them for you. Diarrhoea Loose bowels could be an extra indicator that you’re going into labour. Definitely call your doctor or midwife if you notice bright red bleeding (not pale pink or dark brown), if your water breaks (especially if the fluid is green or brown or has a foul odour), if your baby is less active, or if you have a headache, vision problems, or sudden swelling, particularly in your face and hands. Also call your doctor if you are experiencing these symptoms before 37 weeks when they could signal preterm labour. What to Do When in Early Labour Don’t panic if you only experience a few signs of labour approaching, because many women don’t notice all of them. If you think you are in labour, call your doctor or midwife, whether it’s day or night. Tell them your symptoms of labour, and keep in mind you may not need to go to the hospital immediately. Your doctor or midwife will give you guidance based on your labour signs and your individual situation. Realising you're in labour can bring feelings ranging from excitement to disbelief or apprehension. Try to stay calm and focused. Arrange to have your partner or a family member with you to help record labour symptoms, keep you company, and get you to the hospital when the time comes. How to Tell Real and False Labour Signs Apart In your third trimester you may get ‘false’ or ‘practice’ contractions known as Braxton Hicks. These contractions may feel like the real thing, but if they don’t get stronger and closer together or come with other signs of labour, there is no need to call your doctor. These practice contractions are just one of the ways your body prepares for labour and nothing to worry about. Keep an eye out for specific symptoms that point towards real labour, such as the bloody show or any of the symptoms above. But to help you tell the difference between true and false labour contractions at a glance, see our table below. True Labour False Labour Contractions are regular and follow a predictable pattern (such as every eight minutes). Contractions are irregular and unpredictable, occurring, for example, in intervals of ten minutes, then six minutes, two minutes, eight minutes, etc. You experience three types of progression: contractions become closer in time, longer, and stronger. No progression is seen over time in the closeness of the contraction intervals, length, or strength of the contractions. Each contraction is felt starting at the lower back, radiating around to the front, low in the groin. Contractions are felt as a generalised abdominal tightening. A change in activity or position will not slow or stop contractions. A change in activity or position may cause contractions to slow or stop. False labour pain can be triggered by a variety of causes, such as dehydration or a full bladder, or even when the mother and baby are active. But if you feel any of the symptoms of labour or notice that your contractions are getting closer together and more intense, then consult your healthcare provider. As you reach the end of your third trimester, the big day is coming up. To help you feel prepared, see our labour tips to help reduce any anxiety you may feel when you notice those early labour signs. You’re about to bring your baby into the world. You can do this! Content source Featured image source
Can repeated scans affect the baby?
Ultrasound scans are used more frequently today than even just 10 years ago. It is quite normal for a mum to have five scans even if she has a completely normal, uncomplicated pregnancy. This is because scans are more accessible and affordable now and doctors use them to gather information more accurately on all points of your pregnancy, from the due date to the position and growth of your baby. That being said, the long term effects of repeated ultrasound exposure on a fetus are not fully known. It is therefore best to only have as many scans as your doctor feels necessary for medical reasons. The ultrasound probe emits high frequency sound waves that bounce off your baby to produce an image. These waves also produce heat. Scientists say that increasing the temperature of the tissues being scanned by 4 degrees C - for example, from 36 degrees C to 40 degrees C - may cause harmful effects. In practice however, ordinary 2D, 3D or 4D scanning that is used to get images of your baby produces very little heat (less than 1 degree C). This is because the ultrasound intensity used is low, and spread over a large area. Your baby is further protected from the heat by the amniotic fluid he is floating in. The fluid helps distribute any heat that is produced so that no single part of your baby's body is exposed to the heat. Your baby is also moving around which helps distribute the heat more evenly. When does the Doctor Advice to Perform Scans Multiple Times and Why can't they be avoided? You may require more frequent ultrasounds if you: Carry twins or multiples Have an existing medical condition that may complicate your delivery Are over 35 years of age Have a problem that has been detected in your previous scans Have a history of miscarriages or stillbirth Are ultrasounds safe? There’s no evidence that scans are harmful, if used according to the guidelines. Ultrasound scans have been used in pregnancy for decades. The person carrying out the scans (sonographer) will follow all the right guidelines to ensure that you and your baby are safe. Will the way ultrasound works affect my baby? No, having an ultrasound won't affect your baby. Ultrasound sends sound waves through your womb (uterus), which bounce off your baby's body. The echoes are turned into an image on a screen, so your sonographer can see your baby’s position and movements. The frequency or length of the sound waves depends on how far along your pregnancy is and the type of scan being carried out. Studies have found no link between ultrasound and birth weight, childhood cancers, dyslexia, or problems with eyesight or hearing. Almost all women want a scan during pregnancy, so it's hard to find women who haven't had one to make a comparison. That in itself may reassure you. During an ultrasound scan, the equipment generates a small amount of heat which is absorbed by the part of the body that's being scanned. Antenatal scans produce less than one degree C. This means they're fine for you and your baby. It's only if the temperature of the scanned body tissue rises by four degrees C that harm may be caused. Ultrasounds are a medically endorsed way to look into the pregnancy and see how your little one is coming along. The benefits of the ultrasounds weigh out the possible risks in cases where your pregnancy requires monitoring. However, it is safe to address any concerns you may have about this with your doctor.
Medical tests to learn your baby's gender
Medical tests to learn your baby's gender All in all, it’s no wonder that many people believe in these myths. After all, they always have a 50% chance of being right. But how can you determine your baby’s gender without any doubts? These are some of the tests that your doctor can use to determine your baby’s gender: Blood tests Special blood tests can determine your baby’s gender. These tests are usually only carried out on women over the age of 35, or those with an increased risk of chromosomal disorders. Amniocentesis This tests is also carried out mostly on high-risk pregnancies. Using a sample of amniotic fluid, it can detect genetic abnormalities and your baby’s gender. Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) This test uses a sample of placenta to diagnose Down syndrome or another chromosomal abnormality. It can also determine the baby’s gender as early as week 10 of pregnancy. Ultrasound This is the most common way to determine your baby’s gender. And it’s what most women carrying low-risk pregnancies will experience. An ultrasound technician could see your baby’s gender as early as 15-16 weeks, but most women will find out during their second trimester ultrasound. Final note It’s normal to want to know your baby’s sex, but having a healthy mom and a healthy baby are always more important. Maintain a healthy nutrition during pregnancy, keep an eye out for the fluids you consume during pregnancy, keep your water intake high, stay active, and pretty soon you’ll find out whether you’re pregnant with a boy or a girl!
7 Signs of labor: Know what to expect
Pre-labour, or, the early signs of labour include… Mood swings In the day or two before you go into labour, you may notice heightened anxiety, mood swings, weepiness, or a general sense of impatience. (This may be hard to distinguish from the usual 9-months-pregnant impatience, we know.) It can also manifest in extreme nesting. These may all be early signs of labour; your whole body is getting ready for the main event. Cramps One of the first signs of labour is actually a familiar feeling: the pain that comes with menstrual cramps. If you’re starting to feel those diffuse discomfort and pain in the abdomen, it may be a sign that active labour is just a few hours away. Intense lower back pain Along with those seemingly familiar cramps is intense lower back pain. Sure, the final weeks of carrying around a giant human (and its liquid sustenance sac) make your back permanently sore, but this is different level of pain. And for people who experience it, it usually starts at the same time as the cramps. Spotting Another sign that your baby might be ready to start the process of shimmying down the birth canal is light spotting or slightly brown or pink discharge. This happens because the cervix is shortening and the tissue is thinning to prepare for your baby’s exit from the womb. (You may have heard the term “bloody show”? This is it.) You may even be so lucky as to pass a “mucus plug,” which is just what it sounds like, and which was blocking the opening of the cervix to protect against infection. Once that plug comes off, it’s a clear sign that the baby is ready to come out. (Don’t confuse light spotting or brown discharge with actual bleeding — if you see a flow if blood, that’s something you need to call your doctor about.) Upset stomach A few hours before labour begins, you may also feel some digestive discomfort, and even have diarrhea. This upset stomach is your body’s (clever) way of preparing you for delivery (by evacuating anything that might get in the way). Water breaking Contrary to what movies tell us, this rarely occurs to women as a sudden deluge while they’re standing in the supermarket; the vast majority of women experience labour without their water ever breaking at home or in a public place. (It usually happens when you’re already at the hospital.) But, for the women who do experience some version of the rupturing of the membranes before they get to the hospital, this can be a trickle of clear liquid. (Some women wake up thinking they’ve wet the bed!) If you experience any form of water breaking, call your doctor. Because this is a sign that the amniotic sac has ruptured, you may be more susceptible to infection after it happens; depending on your medical history and pregnancy, your doctor may want to see you, or ask you to come to the hospital, after this happens. Regular contractions Finally, probably the clearest sign that you’re in labour is regular contractions. You’ll know you’re experiencing contractions because they escalate. Over time, these signs of labour will get stronger (read: more painful), and they will become more frequent. If you notice there’s a pattern, you’re definitely in labour. Advice varies on what stage of process requires you to be at the hospital (or seen by a midwife or other birthing support professional), so seek advice from your doctor or midwife about how close your contractions should be when you make that call (and get moving). You’ve probably heard about the fakeout called Braxton Hicks contractions. These are not signs of labour — they are thought to be part of the way the body is preparing for labour. The main difference between Braxton Hicks and “real” labour contractions is that Braxton Hicks are not as painful; they are not steady, consistent, and escalating; and finally, they occur mainly around your belly (it looks/feels almost like the area around your belly tightens) rather than an overall sensation around your abdomen. But most important to remember: Braxton Hicks contractions go away eventually, they don’t get worse. Feature Image Source
Don't even think of missing the First Trimester Scans if you care for your baby!
First Trimester Scans The first trimester scans are important as they offer a lot of early information about how the baby is developing, their health and if they are suffering from any congenital or chromosomal deficits. Typically, a mother-to-be has two scans in the first trimester. The first scan is ideally done between week 6 and week 9 and the second is done between week 11 and week 13. While the first scan is called the dating and viability scan, the second is called a nuchal translucency scan. First scan The dating and viability scan confirms the pregnancy. It also helps determine if the baby has Down syndrome or Trisomy 18. Down syndrome is a congenital disorder that causes lifelong impairment in social and physical development of the child. On the other hand, Trisomy 18 causes severe delays in developmental growth and often proves to be fatal by age 1. This is caused by the presence of an extra chromosome called Chromosome 18. The first scan also checks for the following: Presence of heartbeat: Heartbeat is one of the first signs that confirms the viability of a pregnancy. It can usually be heard from around week 6 and the first scan can help you hear this. Position of baby: This scan helps check the position of the baby in the uterus. It ensures that the fetus has not implanted itself in the tubes or anywhere else except for the uterus. Due date: As it is not possible to ascertain the due date basis the menstrual cycle (some women may have irregular periods or may not remember the exact date of their last period), this scan helps determine the time elapsed since the pregnancy and the likely due date. Number of babies: The first scan also determines the number of babies you are carrying. The date and viability scan might either be a transvaginal scan (TVS) or an abdominal scan. If the scan is performed before you complete 10 weeks, then a TVS would be performed, as the baby is too small and too low for the abdominal ultrasound to detect. Second scan A lot of mothers-to-be may miss the first scan if they realize that they are pregnant at a later date or because they have irregular periods. In this case, the nuchal translucency scan is performed. This is an abdominal scan and measures the clear space in the tissue at the child’s nape. This particular scan also checks for the following: Placenta position Presence and length of nasal bone Fetal spine and limbs Fetal stomach and any defects in the abdominal wall Urinary bladder Blood circulation Cervix of the mother-to-be Crown to rump length of the baby Why are first scans important? The first scans are important in the following cases: Irregular periods Previous miscarriage Spotting or bleeding Two or more pregnancies Maternal age more than 35 years Any other pregnancy complications First scans in the pregnancy are necessary to help you prepare for the course of your pregnancy, further tests, medical treatment and how to manage a child with special needs, if you have one. It prepares you mentally and physically for the upcoming challenges of a pregnancy. Featured Image Source
Regular urine tests during pregnancy may be as important as all the other scans.
Urine tests help your doctor find early warning signals that can help her diagnose certain serious conditions. These conditions may cause problems during your pregnancy for both you and your baby. That’s why your doctor will ask you to get a urine test and take the report to every antenatal appointment. How to get a urine test done? You will have to give your urine sample to the lab which will conduct the test. You need to use a sterile container to collect your urine. You can get it from the lab or at any chemist shop. It’s also better to pee for a few seconds before you collect the sample. The lab conducts the test and generally gives you the report within one day. It may take some more time if your doctor has asked for something more than the standard test. What does a urine test help to diagnose? A urine test can diagnose a number of disorders based on the levels of protein, nitrite and sugar in your urine. Here are some of the most common disorders that can be diagnosed through a urine test. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) A UTI can be diagnosed when there is an unusually high level of protein in your urine combined with nitrites and white cells. You may need further tests to determine if it is a UTI and which kind. You may then need to have antibiotics to get rid of the infection. UTI may be linked to premature birth so it’s important to diagnose and treat it on time. Gestational Diabetes (GD) This is a kind of diabetes that happens only when you’re pregnant. It may lead to certain complications like premature labour and birthing problems. It may lead to Type 2 diabetes and obesity in the child in the future. An early diagnosis of GD is very important. High sugar in urine sometimes alerts the doctor to a possibility of GD. If the doctor suspects you have GD, she will recommend a GTT(Glucose Tolerance Test) to make a definitive diagnosis. Pre-eclampsia This occurs in the second half of the pregnancy and is related to high blood pressure. It can result in pregnancy complications including poor growth of the baby can result from pre-eclampsia. If diagnosed on time, pre-eclampsia can be managed effectively. This can be done through regular urine tests as well as blood pressure check-ups. This is because symptoms of pre-eclampsia like intense headaches, sudden swelling of your face, hands and feet, and vision problems, such as blurring or flashing don’t usually appear until it’s too late. Urine tests perform a key role in helping the doctor diagnose certain important disorders. It’s therefore critical to get your tests done in time for your antenatal appointments.
Why and how CVS test is done?
The Chorionic Villus Sampling or CVS Test is prescribed between the 10th to 12th weeks of gestation. It is a prenatal test, which helps detect genetic diseases, birth defects, and any other issues related to the pregnancy. What happens in the CVS Test? In the CVS test a tiny bit of Chorionic villi is drawn out from the placenta as sample. This sample is taken from the place where the placenta is attached to the uteral wall. The Chorionic Villi are taken because they possess the same genes, which will be present in the baby eventually. Therefore, they make the best sample to ascertain whether the baby is at risk of developing any genetic diseases or birth defects. This test helps detect any such conditions early in the pregnancy. Diseases and Disorders Easily Identifiable Via The CVS Test Here are some diseases that the CVS test helps detect timely and with 98% accuracy – Chromosomal disorders such as - Down syndrome Genetic diseases like - cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Tay-Sachs disease, and sickle cell anemia. Gender specific disorders such as - muscular dystrophy commonly seen in male babies. This test is also used to identify the gender of the foetus as well. Who is suggested the CVS Test? Experts advise that the CVS test may only be suggested to women who are at a greater risk of having babies with genetic defects and disorders. These include - Couples where one partner already has a genetic disorder or carries a genetic disease/chromosomal abnormality. Couples with a family history of birth defects either in a previous pregnancy or a family member who has birth defects. A pregnant woman 35 years or older on her due date. Higher the age of the woman, greater is the risk of the offspring having chromosomal defects such as Down syndrome. A pregnant woman who displays abnormal results in genetic tests. It is, however, a couple’s choice whether to get the test done or not. Advantages of the CVS Test CVS takes place very early in the pregnancy. It is done even before amniocentesis. Therefore, it informs about defects and diseases quite early allowing timely action and appropriate choices. The results of the CVS test come within 10 days. Termination of pregnancy upon receipt of abnormal test results is much safer for the woman since the same is done early in the pregnancy. Disadvantages of the CVS Test The CVS poses a little higher threat of miscarriage as compared to amniocentesis, as it is done very early in pregnancy. Risk of infection too is higher at this stage. The CVS Test Procedure Counseling - When someone is recommended a CVS test, she is given elaborate genetic counseling that involves detailed information of the advantages and disadvantage of taking the test. The risks involved are clearly communicated to the patient so that an informed decision can be made. Ultrasound - After the counseling an ultrasound examination is done to ascertain the gestational age of the foetus and to identify placental location. This is because it is best to perform the CVS test 10 to 12 weeks from the last menstrual period of the woman. Collection of the chorionic villi - The chorionic villi are collected from the placenta either via the abdomen or the vagina. A quick test, it takes hardly 30 minutes in all. The procedure might be slightly painful to some women. There are two ways of collecting the sample. These are - The abdominal collection - This is done using a needle. This needle is inserted into the placenta through the mother’s abdomen. The vaginal collection - This is done using a speculum, which is inserted in the vagina. Then, a small portion of the placenta is removed by inserting a thin tube of plastic into the cervix via the vagina. Ultrasound imaging is used to guide the whole process. Laboratory sample testing - The collected sample is sent to the lab. Here it is cultured for in a fluid for further testing after a few more days. Results - The results are made available to the patient in two weeks. Precaution to take after the CVS Test Take it slow and easy once the test is over. Get off the bed slowly and take assistance while you steady yourself. Avoid driving yourself back home. Make sure someone assists you to the hospital and back. Rest well the rest of the day and preferably put pillows under your feet for added comfort. It is normal for doctors to advise abstinence from exercise, strenuous work, and sex for the next three days to avoid any stress. Experiencing minimal bleeding and some cramps are normal. However, the same must still be reported to the doctor. Any discharge or fluid leaks from the vagina must immediately be reported to the doctor without any delays. The test when suggested is in your best interest. It is therefore advised that if your doctor feels the need for a CVS test, you must consider it to ensure you have a healthy baby.