Gross Motor Skills

The larger movements that your baby makes with his arms, legs, feet, or his entire body.

Ask anything about gross motor skills

This is how your baby will grow at eight months

How your baby's growing Your baby's now exploring objects by shaking them, banging them, dropping them and throwing them before falling back on the tried-and-tested method of gumming them. The idea that you do something to an object is beginning to emerge (using a comb to tidy her hair), so an activity centre with lots of things your baby can bang, poke, twist, squeeze, shake, drop and open will fascinate her. Your baby will also be fascinated with toys that have specific functions, such as phones. If she can't hold it up to her ear herself, do it for her and pretend to have a conversation. Over the next few months, she'll start to use objects for their intended purposes – brushing her hair, drinking from a cup and babbling on her play phone. Find out more fascinating facts about your eight-month-old's development How your life's changing It's completely natural for your baby to start showing signs of separation anxiety when you leave him in the care of others. In fact, it's a sign of normal, healthy development. Not that knowing this makes it any easier on you to see your baby in distress. To help the two of you weather the goodbye blues:   Say goodbye in an affectionate but matter-of-fact way. Try not to draw out farewells or let yourself get emotional in response to your baby's crying. Stay away once you say goodbye. Resist the temptation to turn back and check if he's OK. This will only make things more difficult for you both. If it will make you feel better, call when you get to where you're going. Chances are he stopped crying straight after you left and got diverted by an activity. Spend some special time together when you pick up your baby. Read the signals and trust your instincts. Does your baby react the same way when your partner does the drop-off? If not, perhaps getting him to do the dropping off is a better alternative. Does he seem unhappy when you pick him up? It's unlikely – but possible – that your baby and the babysitter or carer may just not be a good "fit".  

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Growth spurts: What you need to know

From age 2 to 4, kids add about 2 to 3 inches in height per year and up to 4 pounds in weight. (From ages 1 to 3, growth takes place primarily in the legs and trunk.) Growth percentiles reveal your child's height and weight relative to other children of the same age and sex. For example, a child in the 75th percentile in height is taller than three-fourths of his peers. Growth is seldom steady and even. Instead, it tends to happen in spurts. Among the signs of a growth spurt in progress: Your child may seem hungrier than usual or eat more at a sitting. Your child may nap longer than usual or sleep longer at night. Your child may be crankier or clingier than usual even though he's not ill. It's probably a good idea not to put too much emphasis on growth spurts, however, in justifying behavioral changes over the long term. Typically, parents notice a child's growth spurt after it has already happened. You dress your child in the same pants he wore last week and they no longer reach his ankles, or his feet seem too big for his shoes. It's not uncommon for a young preschooler to grow two clothing sizes in a season. Responding to growth spurts You don't need to do much in response to a growth spurt, other than restock the closet. If your child seems to have a larger appetite than usual, feed her another serving at meals or provide more frequent snacks. Preschoolers often veer between "living on air" and vacuuming up food, depending on their body's needs. Let your child sleep longer for a few days if she seems to need it. What about growing pains? "Growing pains" – dull aches in the legs, especially around the calves, knees, and front of the thighs – are somewhat controversial and probably misnamed. No medical evidence links them to growing muscles or bones. It's possible, however, for growing muscles to feel tight and spasm after a lot of activity. As many as 25 to 40 percent of kids report this feeling, beginning around ages 3 to 5 (and then again in the tween years). Often the pain wakes a child up in the middle of the night. These pains tend to follow days of vigorous outside play. They can be treated with warm compresses, massage, gentle stretching, or acetaminophen. If the pain is severe or lasts more than 24 hours, report it to your child's doctor so he can rule out other causes, including juvenile arthritis, rheumatologic disorders, infection, fractures, and other orthopedic problems.   Content and Feature Image Source:

Preschool Checklist / Pinterest

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4 Things your Child Should Know before Preschool / Rainbow Chimes

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Baby's First Year

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Help your Baby Develop Through Fun

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Infant Development Milestone Chart

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Developmental milestones record for your 4 months old

Do you feel like your 4-month-old is a whole new baby at times? You’re not imagining things! The 4-month mark is a big milestone in your little one’s life, thanks to some major brain and physical development milestones. Most babies by this age will have doubled their birth weights (or more) and will be sleeping more solid and longer stretches at night. You may have a more predictable schedule for naps, bedtime, and feedings, so life might feel a little more settled. But fair warning, this month can often include the dreaded 4-month sleep regression. Don’t worry—we’re here to help. Find out what to expect from your 4-month-old. Your Growing Baby: By 4 months old, most babies have a hit a pretty significant physical milestone by doubling their birth weight. If your baby was born prematurely, for instance, they may need a little more time to double their birth weight. Developmental Milestones: Your baby will become much more active and alert and learn to interact with the world around them. Here are some of the major developmental milestones you can expect at this age. Body Rolls over from front to back Sits with the support  Bears weight when standing on a hard surface Holds a rattle or other baby toys Holds up head and chest Pushes up to elbows when laying on stomach Reaches for objects with one hand Coordinates seeing and movement—spotting something they want, then reaching for it Follows objects moving from side to side with eyes Brings hands to mouth Brain Learns cause and effect Understands object permanence Improves clarity of eyesight and enjoys looking at more patterns, shapes, and colors Smiles spontaneously, most often at people Enjoys playing and may react with negative emotion, such as crying, if playing stops Mimics facial expressions, such as smiling or frowning Babbles and may try to mimic language, like cooing Recognizes people from a distance Cries in different ways to communicate hunger, boredom, frustration, sleepiness, etc When to Be Concerned: Although every baby will develop differently, if your little one is displaying any of the following signs or symptoms, be sure to talk to your doctor about them at your baby’s 4-month well-child check-up: Crossed eyes Has gained less than 50 percent of their birth weight Is unable to hold their head up Is not able to sit up at all with support Does not seem to respond to or is uninterested in your face Soft spot that appears to be bulging Doesn’t watch items or people as they move Isn’t smiling Content source Featured image source

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Your 2 months old baby growth and development

All your efforts and hard work as a doting parent will begin to show during your baby’s second month. Your baby isn’t quite capable of providing you with feedback about how they are currently doing but this month can be a bit more rewarding. Expect more smiles and a lot of cooing as your baby becomes animated. You are sure to get a strong emotional connection than earlier as you revel in the joys of motherhood. Second Month Baby Milestones: Motor Skills Two-month-old babies are gaining more control over their bodies. That means they can hold their head a little steadier while lying on their tummies or being supported upright. In the second month of life, babies continue to have a strong sucking reflex. You may notice your baby likes to suck on a fist or a few fingers. This is one of the best ways babies have of comforting themselves. At 2 months, your baby doesn’t yet have the coordination to play with toys. But she may bat at a colorful object hanging in front of her. Your baby may even briefly hold a toy that you place in one of her hands. Second Month Baby Milestones: Sleep Your baby’s sleep patterns are evolving, but at two months, they still aren’t fully established. At this age, babies sleep 15 to 16 hours a day. But those hours are sporadic, and they usually aren’t ready to sleep through the night. This is especially true for breastfed babies, who generally wake up to eat every three hours or so. Hang in there for just a few more weeks and you’ll be able to get some much-needed rest. You may even be able to get to a full night’s sleep earlier by helping your baby learn how to fall asleep on her own. All babies need to be put to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). You can provide plenty of tummy time when your baby is awake and supervised. Also, remove all soft objects from baby’s crib, including pillows, blankets, stuffed animals, and soft bumpers. Second Month Baby Milestones: The Senses At two months, babies can see objects -- and people -- from up to 18 inches away. That means you still need to get pretty close, but your baby will be able to see your face pretty well while feeding. She should also be able to follow movements when you walk close by. Baby’s hearing is improving, too. Your 2-month-old will especially enjoy listening to the sound of your voice. Second Month Baby Milestones: Communication For a 2-month-old, most communication consists of crying. But you may hear a few gurgles, grunts, and even some sweet coos. Your baby should recognize your face and voice, and respond to them. You might even see the first adorable hint of a smile. One of the most important things you can do at this age is talk to your baby. Even though 2-month-old babies can’t talk back, they will respond to the sound of your voice, and it will encourage them to start forming their own first words in the coming months.     Content source Featured image source

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8 Fun Indoor Activities To Play With Your Baby

It’s easy to get a little stir crazy when you and baby are stuck inside all day. Fear not—there are plenty of fun baby activities to keep your little one busy. The best part? Many of these interactive indoor activities for babies require a low lift from Mom and Dad. From sensory activities for infants to fun crafts projects, these are our favorite ways to keep infants busy. 1. SENSORY BAGS This idea is one of the best sensory activities for infants. All you need is a plastic bag, some water, tape and a sensory item of your choosing. The sensory bag lets baby discover things that are normally off-limits (think: hair gel, toothpaste, body lotion, etc.). Your curious infant will love squishing the different textures. Plus, by fastening the bag to a wall, it’ll encourage baby to practice reaching and balancing all on their own. 2. FABRIC FUN Want to keep baby engaged for good long while? Just grab an old wipe container and fill it with washcloths, bibs and other scraps of fabric. Not only will babies have a blast opening and closing the lid and pulling bits of fabric out, but they’ll also strengthen their tactile and fine motor skills as they discover different materials and their textures. This DIY toy idea is one of the most fun things to do with babies when you’re bunkered down inside. 3. RAINBOW RIBBONS Simple baby activities are the best way to keep your little one engaged. Grab a bunch of ribbons from your craft closet, cut them into strips and then hang them from baby’s play gym, a drying rack or anything you may have lying around the house. Your kid will build upper body strength and motor skills as they try to latch onto the ribbons. 4. BABY COLLAGE Another fun idea with the help of a few household items to encourage baby to crack into their creativity. Tape a piece of clear construction paper to a window and let your baby use it as a blank canvas to craft funky designs. Cut up scraps of tissue paper and show baby how they easily stay on the sticky surface. Your little one will follow your lead and keep busy all day. 5. STICKY SITUATIONS Once babies are past the six-month mark, they’ll want to grab and toss everything they set their sights on. One of the baby activities provides your little one with a toy ball you won’t mind them playing with. Using a plastic ball—the balls from blow-up ball pits work perfectly—grab some masking tape and wrap it up to create layers of sticky sensations for baby to grasp. The tape will stick to little hands, and youngsters will marvel at the makeup and material of the ball. 6. SPIDEY SENSES Every parent wants their kid to be problem-solver when they grow up. Grab a laundry basket and toss all those toys lying around your living room into it. Then weave yarn in, out, up and down, and now the baby will have to find a way around the spider web-like maze in order to get his toys back. 7. FIRE AND ICE When it comes to baby activities, simplicity is key. Introduce baby to the concepts of hot and cold. All it takes is two plastic bottles—one filled with ice and another with warm water. Place the baby on the floor, hand over the bottles and let them marvel at how two of the same objects can feel drastically different. Keep your baby busy, quiet and, most importantly, intrigued for nearly half an hour. 8. SHINE BRIGHT Everyday baby is discovering something new, which is why it doesn’t take much to tap into their curiosity. All it takes is for your phone to light up with a notification and it immediately has your little one’s attention. Find a small set of string lights and stuff them into a plastic jar. Hit the switch and watch as the container and your infant’s face light up. Your kid will be enthralled by the bright lights, and you can periodically switch it on and off to keep them on their toes. Content Source  Featured Image Source

10 Ways to Encourage Your Baby to Walk

Babies typically take their first steps around the time of their first birthday, but that doesn't mean you shouldn't help them out as much as you can. Encouraging a child to take their first steps is an exciting developmental milestone and an emotional triumph. Set your camera to video mode and try out some of these tricks to help your little one get going. 1. Hold Her Hands The most common trick to help your baby practice putting weight on her feet is to walk behind her while holding both of her hands. Give her enough support that she doesn't topple over, but not so much that you're straining her elbows or shoulders. Hold her arms high enough to make sure she doesn't have a big fall, but not so much that she can't make full contact with the soles of her feet. 2. Use Peer Models Go somewhere you know toddlers close to your baby's age will be—the playground, the library, or the local mall play area are usually good options. Keep an eye out for the smallest mobile babies you can find. When you see a tiny walker, point them out, praise their skill, and be encouraging. A little friendly competition and an innate desire to do what everyone else is doing can be powerful motivation. 3. Take a Dance Class Mommy and Me classes are a great way to get some exercise for yourself, with the added bonus of encouraging your baby to wiggle, shake, and groove. Being in an environment that is all about movement will help your baby to explore everything his body can do. It doesn't hurt that most classes will be held on soft gym mats, so any falls will be less traumatic, too. 4. Get Squeaky Shoes If you make walking really fun, your baby is going to want to do it as often as possible. Shoes with removable squeakers can be a great way to amp up the enjoyment your baby gets from walking. Babies are inquisitive scientists, so figuring out that each step causes noise to come from her feet can be an amazing discovery. As stated, the squeakers are removable, so if the noise starts to drive you batty, pull the squeaker out for a bit. 5. Introduce a Push Toy There are many options to choose from--a toy shopping cart, a ride-on toy with a push handle, or an adjustable activity toy with a walker option can all make great walking aids. Having something fun for your child to play with that also assists them with cruising around is a win-win. 6. Spend Time in the Pool Encouraging your little guy to use his legs in new ways will help to strengthen and condition his muscles. If you have access to a pool, it's time to get swimming. Teach him to kick his legs—the resistance from the water is a good exercise that isn't too strenuous. If there is a section of the pool that is shallow enough for him to reach the bottom, help him to "walk" in the pool, too. 7. Have an Active Pet Kids love animals. Having an active pet is a great way to inspire your little one to be on the move. If your dog's temperament is calm and he's good on a leash, let your child try walking the dog. Involve your child in feeding your pet—carrying a bowl takes two hands, so walking is a must for this job. 8. Put Her Down You've gotten into the routine of carrying her from point A to point B. Stop. Leave for appointments and errands 10 minutes earlier than usual so that you can take your time getting there. Letting her be slightly more independent by getting places on her own two feet will help her become more confident and trusting of her abilities. 9. Play Tug-of-War You can't play this one to win, but leading your little guy around the house by holding onto a rope, or letting him tug while you sit in place, is a fun way to get him on his feet. You don't have to use a rope. A pool noodle, a stick, or a stuffed animal can work, too. boot. 10. Offer a Reward Holding a preferred object or a treat for your child to come to is a fast way to get results. Of course, babies love their parents and family so enthusiastically at this age that just offering cheer and a hug can be enough to drive him to run into your arms. Enjoy this stage—it's cliché but true when we tell you it really does go by too fast. Content Source

Physical Development In Early Childhood

Children grow at a rapid pace between birth and two years of age. But once they hit the age of two, toddlers tend to have a much slower growth rate when compared to their younger self. This is when the parents are concerned about the changing eating habits of their child and wonder whether the kid is growing normally. The physical development in infancy happens in a series of growth spurts. It is important to keep in mind that after the growth spurts, they grow at a standard and steady rate until adolescence. The best way to determine if they are growing properly is to closely monitor and track their growth. What Is Physical Development? As your little one grows, so does his body. Slowly but steadily, your child is preparing to take on the structural build which is almost similar to that of an adult. Signs of a Child’s Physical Development Here are some of the pronounced signs of a child’s physical development: 1. Limbs The arms and legs of the child grow longer and will be proportionate to the torso as well as the head. It can also be noticed that your child will appear much slimmer and distinctively thinner than he was as an infant. 2. Muscle Growth Muscle growth tends to be faster in order to aid movement in the child. The muscles of the arms and the legs that are larger are known to grow faster than the muscles in the toes or the fingers, which are smaller. At this stage, it is important to provide proper nutrients to your child to aid the growth process. 3. Brain Development Brain development will help your child perform complex mental and physical tasks. During early childhood, there is significant growth in the neural fibers in the brain, specifically in the frontal lobes. It is also noted that around 2 years the human brain is already 70% of its adult size. By the age of six or seven, the size of the brain is almost 90% of its adult size. The increase in motor skills can be contributed to this growth. It is also a common practice to measure the circumference of the head in order to figure out the growth rate of the brain. 4. Motor Skills Motor skills are associated with the child’s ability to perform tasks on an everyday basis. It can be anything from running to building blocks. Motor skills can be categorized as: a. Gross Motor Skills Also called for large motor skills, these are the skills that are required to perform general tasks like running, walking, jumping or even balancing their bodies as they engage in these activities. With your gross motor skills, your child should be able to perform some of the below activities, •    Walk with a steady balance •    Run comfortably in a single direction or around obstacles •    Throw a ball or catch one •    Hop on each foot several times •    Jump over objects or low-lying hurdles •    Kick a ball that is stationary •    Pedal a tricycle b. Fine Motor Skills Also called small motor skills, these involve finer movements and holds necessary to perform tasks that may be slightly complicated. These are also associated with the brain development of the child. Fine motor skills allow the child to: •    Use cutlery •    Brush teeth or comb hair •    Pick up small items likes coins •    Work on simple puzzles •    Draw simple shapes like circles or squares •    Stack up blocks 5. Height By 12 months, the length of an infant is known to increase by about 50% the birth length. When children reach the age of five, they can be double their birth length. Also, boys reach half of their adult height around two years and girls are half their adult height when they are about nineteen months old. 6. Weight At one year, the weight of the infants is three times that of the birth weight. The growth rate tends to slow down after the first year and between one to six years, he will be gaining around 2kg per year. 7. Teeth Typically, around five to nine months of age, your baby will have lower front teeth. The teeth on the upper front appear around eight to twelve months of age. Children tend to get all 20 of their baby teeth or deciduous teeth by the age of 2 and a half years. Permanent teeth replace the baby teeth anywhere between the ages of 5 to 13. Ways to Boost Physical Development in Toddlers and Pre-schoolers You can work out in some physical development activities for pre-schoolers to help improve their dexterity and development: • Walk with the kids and provide them with the opportunity to run and jump and use their large muscles. • Prepare a simple obstacle course for your child to jump over and run around in your backyard or in the house. • Play catch with balls. You can also play games that will help the child learn to kick and throw the ball. • Have a mini dance party at home. Put on some music and dance with your child, especially to nursery songs that stimulate fine motor skills. • Play pretend games like laying a tightrope on the ground and trying to balance on it. • Get creative with art. Provide your child with ample opportunities to draw in and around the house. Content Source

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Most Recommended Games for 0-6 Month Old Babies

Babies need stimulation from an early age. The parents/caregivers should play various games with their baby to enhance his/her growth. Here are some games that can be played with babies. 0-3-Month-Old Games 1. Motor Games and Activities • Place baby on their tummy to play for a few minutes at a time, a few times a day • Lie down and place baby tummy down on your chest so you’re face-to-face • Hold baby’s hands and clap them together while you play music and sing • Nestle baby close to you while you gently rock and sway • Change the direction that baby sleeps to encourage head-turning and build strength 2. Sensory Games and Activities • Hang a colourful mobile above the baby’s crib to provide visual stimulation • Gently touch and tickle baby to make them giggle • Play with the baby in a variety of positions • Provide plenty of skin-to-skin contact with a parent or caregiver • Smile at baby, touch her hands, feet, and forehead. See how she wiggles, reacts to touch and voices • Play or sing songs with the baby to help enhance baby’s listening skills • When changing the baby’s diaper touch different body parts and say “beep” baby may begin watching your hand and anticipating touch. • Hang a mirror on the wall. Tap the mirror and say the baby’s name. Over time baby will begin to understand who the baby in the mirror is. • Show baby family photos or flip through a magazine. Point out the smiling faces to baby 3. Communication Games and Activities • Speak in a high-pitched, sing-song voice to help get and keep baby’s attention while you talk • Describe your actions as you dress, feed, and bathe your child. Talk about where you’re going and what you’re doing. • Give baby frequent face-to-face time • Shake a rattle up and down while singing to the baby • Show pictures of family and friends and point out smiling faces • Hold up a doll or stuffed animal and point out the different body parts 4. Feeding Games and Activities • Collect a variety of scents (flowers, spices, cookies) and pass them under baby’s nose one at a time to see what kinds of smells they prefer 4-6 Month-Old Games 1. Motor Games and Activities • Place baby on their tummy to play in short spurts for up to an hour over the course of the day • Place baby tummy down on a blanket and move the blanket slowly around the room • Allow baby to explore age-appropriate toys with their mouth and tongue (be sure that the toys are large enough so that baby does not risk choking) • Encourage baby to practice repeated rolling from back to tummy. Place toys around to encourage pivoting 2. Sensory Games and Activities • Encourage baby to touch fabric with different textures such as wool, corduroy, and velvet • Lift baby up and down and play in different positions to help develop their sense of movement and balance • Find balls with different textures and colors. Teach baby how to roll, drop, and bounce them. 3. Communication Games and Activities • Play peek-a-boo • Use a variety of facial expressions while you talk • Read with the baby. “Reading” can simply mean describing pictures without following the written words. • Encourage two-way communication. When baby coos or babbles, be sure to respond and take turns in “conversation”. • Play with rhymes and songs • Encourage baby to play with toys that make sounds 4. Feeding Games and Activities • Collect a variety of scents (flowers, spices, cookies) and pass them under baby’s nose one at a time to see what kinds of smells they prefer Content Source  

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