Illness caused by bacteria or other toxins in food, typically with vomiting and diarrhoea.
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How to deal with food poisoning during pregnancy?
Though pregnancy is a normal physiological state but comes with its own set of day to day challenges. During pregnancy, your immune system is compromised, and it is important to make all conscious efforts to help protect your body from infections especially, food poisoning, which is so easy to contract. All you need is contaminated food and you have it. Food related infections during pregnancy can have severe effects on the baby if not treated in time. These infections may lead to very ill infant at birth or even stillbirths and miscarriages. So, make sure you are not taking it lightly when it comes to eating hygienic food. Some of the common infections that can be passed through food are listeriosis, salmonellosis and E.Colitis. Women are 13 times more prone to getting listeriosis than non-pregnant individuals. Food related infections generally occur due to cold cut and undercooked/raw meat, chicken, eggs, fish, fruit juices, unwashed or soiled vegetables and fruits and unpasteurized milk and milk products. Symptoms may vary from dehydration, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps to neck stiffness and severe headaches. Sometimes, infections may even get unnoticed leading to consequences like blindness, paralysis and complications of the heart, kidney and brain. Tips to prevent food poisoning are: Wash your fruits and vegetables thoroughly in warm water and vinegar Do not consume unpasteurized milk and its products Do not eat raw or undercooked eggs, chicken, seafood and meat Try to avoid non-vegetarian food outside, instead cook at home. If you cannot avoid eating non-vegetarian food from outside, make sure you order and eat piping hot dish Wash your hands thoroughly before cooking Be watchful of cross-contamination for eg: Using the same unwashed knife which was used to cut meat for chopping lemon can lead to bacterial infections Do not consume any food item that is expired. Always read food labels carefully before consuming Cold meats, luncheon and deli meats may be contaminated and should be avoided during pregnancy Avoid drinking fresh fruit and vegetable juices from shops. Make them at home after thoroughly washing fruits and vegetables Store raw meat at freezing temperature If reheating meat or any cooked vegetables, heat it to piping hot temperature and then eat Remember, it is easy to contract food infections and easier to prevent them. Little precaution from your end can save you and your baby from bigger problems.