The number of heartbeats in the fetus that occur in a given unit of time
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How Electronic Fetal Heart Monitoring Test Is Done?
If you’re pregnant your doctor wants to make sure your baby is healthy and growing as he should. One of the ways she does that is to check the rate and rhythm of your baby’s heartbeat. Fetal heart monitoring is part of every pregnancy checkup. It’s combined with other tests for a closer look if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or other conditions that could cause problems for you and your baby. Fetal heart rates also can help count your contractions and tell if you’re going into labor too early. How the Test Is Done Your doctor can monitor the baby’s heartbeat one of two ways. She can listen for and record the beats from your belly. Or once your water has broken and you’re in labor, she can thread a thin wire through your cervix and attach it to your baby’s head. From the outside: If your pregnancy is going normally, your doctor likely will check your baby’s heart rate with a hand-held device called a Doppler ultrasound. If you need it, your doctor might do a special test called a nonstress test, usually starting around 32 weeks of your pregnancy. It counts the number of times the baby’s heart speeds up during a 20-minute period. For the test, you'll lie down with a sensor belt around your belly. A machine will record the number of times the baby’s heart speeds up in a 20-minute stretch. If it’s fewer than 2, your doctor will run a longer test and try to wake the baby or make him stir with noise over your belly. Your doctor also may put you on a fetal heart rate monitor during your delivery. It can tell your doctor if the contractions are stressing your baby. If so, you might have to have your baby as soon as possible. From the inside: Once your water breaks and your cervix opens to prepare for birth, your doctor can run a wire called an electrode through it and into your womb. The wire attaches to your baby’s head and connects to a monitor. This gives a better reading than listening to his heartbeat from the outside. Content Source Featured Image Source
How foul air may affect fetal heart development
Apart from ensuring healthy food choices, good prenatal care, and regular medicines, there are other factors also that affect the health of a developing fetus. One such environmental factor is exposure to microparticles in air pollution. According to a recent study, published in the journal Cardiovascular Toxicology, exposure to particulate matter in the air may damage the healthy development of the cardiovascular system of a fetus. Researchers have found that exposure to microscopic particulates in early pregnancy or in late pregnancy, significantly impacted the development of the fetal heart. This means that pregnant women, those undergoing fertility treatment, or of child-bearing age should avoid going out in high pollution areas and should also consider monitoring the quality of indoor air. Even a single incident of exposure likely to cause damage The growth and development of the fetus are affected by what the mother eats, drinks and even breathes. Therefore, when she inhales these nano-particulates in the air, it affects her circulatory system, constricting her blood vessels and restricting the blood flow to the uterus. This lack of blood flow leads to a lower supply of oxygen and nutrients to the child, hampering its growth. Further, restricted blood flow may also lead to other pregnancy complications like intrauterine growth restriction. For the purpose of the study, the researchers exposed a group of pregnant rats to nano aerosols of titanium dioxide a single time during all three trimesters and observed its effects. These effects were then compared with the development of milestones in pregnant rats exposed to highly filtered air. The study findings revealed that exposure to these particulates in early pregnancy significantly impacted the development of the main artery and the umbilical vein in the fetus. Further, exposure during the late third trimester affected the growth of the fetus, distressing fetal size. This happened because of decreased nutrients and vitamins reaching the uterus during the third trimester. The researchers also found that the restricted blood flow to the fetus during pregnancy continued to affect the child in adulthood. Non-pregnant animals also affected Exposure to these nano-particles of titanium oxide damaged the function of uterine arteries even in non-pregnant animals. While nanotechnology has led to major advances in the sciences, its impact on humans at different stages of development is yet unknown. It is estimated that by 2025, the annual global production of nanosized particles of titanium dioxide will reach 2.5 million metric tonnes. In addition to being found in the air, these nanoparticles are also used in personal and beauty care products like face powders and sunscreens. Though the impact of air pollution on the general health of the population is well-known, there is relatively little research on how it affects fetal development. More research is being undertaken in this regard, but it would take some time for scientists to understand the complete implications of air pollution on fetal growth and development. Featured Image Source
Pregnancy ultrasounds: When and why they are needed
For many expectant mothers, the first ultrasound scan is very exciting. That’s because it allows them to get the first glimpse of their baby. But ultrasounds serve a very important purpose, which is to make sure your baby is safe and healthy. How does an ultrasound work? An ultrasound sends high-frequency waves through the tummy and into the uterus. Hard tissues like bones show up as white areas while soft tissues appear grey and fluids like the amniotic fluid appear black. This combination of colours allows the doctor to determine if all is well with the baby by interpreting the ultrasound. Ultrasounds have been in use for over 40 years and are supposed to be completely safe for the child. Nonetheless, every scan should be justified and only the minimum scans needed to make a correct diagnosis should be undertaken. Who does the ultrasound? It is done by doctors who have special training in ultrasound and a certificate registered under the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act. The ultrasound can only be performed in a clinic that follows the guideline under the Act. How does the scan work? You need to drink a lot of water so that your uterus can be seen easily in the scan. The doctor will put some cold gel on your stomach move a small hand-held transducer or probe over your tummy to get views of the baby. If the picture isn’t clear enough, especially in the early days, you may need a vaginal scan. The vaginal transducer will fit comfortably inside your vagina. The doctor will use a lubricated condom to cover the transducer so that it slides in easily. The probe does not go in very deep, so it will not harm you or your baby in any way. Ultrasounds are not painful in any way although the abdominal one may feel slightly uncomfortable on a full bladder. When and why are scans undertaken? The regular scans, generally between 4 and 5 if you have a healthy pregnancy include the following. Dating and viability scan between 6 and 9 weeks. This helps to confirm where the fertilized egg has embedded itself which is where the placenta will grow. This scan also helps to make sure that your baby has a heartbeat and whether you have one baby or multiples. This can also detect an ectopic pregnancy, where the embryo implants in the Fallopian tube, not the uterus. It also helps to accurately date your baby by measuring the fetus. Nuchal translucency (NT) scan between 11 and 13 weeks. This helps to assess the risk of Down's syndrome by measuring the fluid at the back of the baby's neck. Anomaly scan (ultrasound level II) between 18 and 20 weeks. This helps to find out why a blood screening test was abnormal. Growth scan or fetal wellbeing scan between 28 and 32 weeks. This helps to examine the baby to check that all her organs are developing normally. Growth scan and colour Doppler studies between 36 and 40 weeks. Featured Image Source
Dear friend ,this app shows me 6week pregnant but today in my report means ultrasound show only sac not fetal , I had face one miscarriage before ,I m really worried about it plz help me ,I m upset today
Fetal Heartbeat: When will you first hear it?
The best feeling in the world is hearing your baby’s heartbeat for the first time. As exciting as it can be, this is also a time that makes new parents most anxious. Here is everything that you need to know about your baby’s heartbeat and the different options that you have to monitor it. When will I first hear the baby’s heartbeat? Your baby’s heart begins to beat at about 6 weeks of age. It is when you go for your first ultrasound that you actually hear and even see your baby’s heartbeat for the first time. That happens at about 8 weeks into your pregnancy if you choose to have the ultrasound test early. The best way to hear your baby’sheartbeat is to get a Doppler ultrasound which is recommended when you are 10 to 12 weeks into your pregnancy. Factors that affect when you will hear the baby’s heartbeat There are several factors that affect when you will be able to hear the baby’s heartbeat clearly such as: The position of the baby- in case your baby is positioned with the back against the back of the mother, the heartbeat will be harder to hear and may be heard clearly after the fetus develops a little more. The amount of amniotic fluid: if the amniotic fluid in the womb is more, then chances are that the heartbeat will be fainter in the first few sessions. The weight of the mother: In case the mother is overweight, chances are that the heartbeat is harder to hear. How to hear the baby’s heartbeat? The best option to hear the baby’s heartbeat is to have a Doppler ultrasound performed by an expert. This machine uses sound waves that are passed into the skin and the tissues. When there is any movement, they bounce back and give replay the recording along with an image so that you can not only hear but also see your baby’s heartbeat. There are at-home Doppler devices available that moms may choose. However, these machines are not accurate and can cause unwanted anxiety in mothers about the baby’s heartbeat. It can also make you miss some important warning signs about your baby’s health. The unmonitored exposure to these sound waves can also be extremely harmful for the mother and the baby. So, make sure you take an appointment with your caregiver to monitor your baby’s heartbeat.
Amazing benefits of Garbha Sanskar practice during pregnancy
Garbha Sanskar is an ancient Indian prenatal and pregnancy parenting science. Garbha Sanskar is based on the basic theory that the mental and behavioral development of a child begins right from the moment an embryo is conceived. What You Can Do At Home to Ensure a Healthy Pregnancy and Baby Do a pre-pregnancy detox for both the prospective mother and father. You can do a juice cleanse or even go for a proper Ayurvedic detox if you have time. Do not attempt any detox even if you doubt that you are pregnant, instead follow a good wholesome diet during pregnancy. Adopt healthier eating and sleeping habits, even when you are attempting to get pregnant. Reduce intake of cigarettes, alcohol, soft drinks, and other junk foods, a few months before you attempt conception. And this is valid not only for the mother – for the father as well. Once you’re pregnant, enhance parent and child bonding. Spend time reading, talking or singing to the unborn baby together as a couple. Listen to Indian instrumental or classical music, Samaveda Mantras, and Garbh Sanskar Sangeet whenever you can. Try to pray at least once in the day and chant some mantras. Try to be happy and positive at all times, away from sad thoughts. Read good spiritual books look at beautiful works of art and try to have only positive and constructive thoughts. Benefits Of Garbha Sanskar Positive thinking, listening to soulful music and staying happy and relaxed definitely helps the baby to develop a positive personality. Scientific evidence further proves this theory. Babies who were exposed to soothing music while still in the womb have a better listening ability Listening to soulful music, reading a good book and positive thinking helps the unborn baby to become more content, confident and composed It is said that from the 7th month onwards, the fetus can listen to the sound. The first sound that the fetus can hear is its mother’s heartbeat. So it is extremely important to keep the mother surrounded by calm and soothing sounds Improving auditory senses – Although at this stage, babies do not understand music at all and perceive music as rhythmic sound waves, however, they try to concentrate on it. This, in turn, helps in stimulation of the baby’s cognitive skills and auditory senses Improves reflexes – when you listen to the music, your unborn baby also receives the rhythmic vibrations and tries to sync to it. This improves the reflexes and the overall movement of the unborn baby Overall personality development – it is believed that listening to music during pregnancy can impact the overall personality development of the unborn baby. For example, soothing music can make a baby calm and quiet while loud and jarring music can make the baby aggressive in behavior. However, these are just common beliefs and no studies have been conducted yet to back up this theory Lullaby – Many researchers are of the opinion that music listened to during pregnancy helps in the later stage too. A mom who has listened to certain soothing songs during pregnancy can make their newborns listen to it to help them calm down. Babies can recognize the same tune which has helped them in the past to relax Reducing stress level – Many women experience pregnancy stress level which can lead to mood swings and other complications. In such cases, soothing music helps to calm down and reduce pregnancy-related stress level to a great extent Feature Image Source
Can Your Emotions Influence Your Unborn Baby?
How does Garbha sanskar work? To help a mother remain in the best possible frame of mind in the interest of her growing baby, Garbha sanskar suggests a set of practices and ways of life. This includes reading or seeing things that make you happy, communicating with your baby, performing spiritual activities like pujas, meditating and eating healthily. You may have seen a pregnant mother caressing or talking to her baby bump and perhaps even found it strange. She may well be practicing Garbha sanskar. Can my emotions and thoughts really influence my unborn baby? There has been recent scientific interest on the subject, and some evidence suggests that a baby's brain develops up to 60 percent while in the womb. It is also becoming more and more apparent that an unborn baby is able to respond to outside influences such as sound, light, and movement. Opinions, however, differ on whether you should actively try to stimulate your baby's development or not and how that would work. Traditionally, staying happy and doing things that keep you peaceful and fulfilled were believed to influence your unborn baby in a positive way. So if, for example, you watch a funny movie while pregnant, and it makes you happy and cheerful, it is believed that some of that positive emotion passes on to your baby. Such positive experiences are believed to help shape your baby's earliest impressions in a constructive manner, hopefully making him a well-balanced and happy person. Whether or not this is scientifically true, it will definitely be a step towards a happier and fulfilled you. You will have already created a beautiful bond with your unborn baby, as well as a wonderful environment for your baby to be born in. Content Source Featured Image Source
Fetal Movements: is your baby kicking?
Nothing reassures you more about the baby growing in your womb than the first kick. These tiny movements keep you guessing about what the baby would be doing at that time. Was what you felt actually a kick or just gas bubbles coursing through your body. Every pregnant woman waits for that moment when they would feel the first kick of their babies. When would I feel my baby kick? Most women feel their baby kick between week 18 and week 22, though some may report feeling it as early as week 13. Usually, second-timers feel it earlier as they know a kick when they feel a kick. Another reason why they might feel the kicks earlier is that their abdominal muscles are laxer. Further, thinner mothers also tend to feel a baby kick earlier as they lack the fat to cushion the movements. Actually, a first-time mother-to-be might have already felt the baby move but was unable to recognize the movement. Does this mean that the baby moves only at the time I feel the kick? No. The baby moves all the time in the amniotic fluid. But, because it is very small, one may not feel its movements. As the baby grows and becomes stronger, it is able to make more distinguishable movements and these are the ones you feel. What do the baby kicks feel like? Most mothers-to-be define the first movements of their babies as gas bubbles, butterflies flying or soft flutters. Medically, this is known as quickening. It would take some time for the quickening to graduate to firmer movements. Is it true that I would feel the baby moving less as my pregnancy progresses? Not exactly. There would definitely be down times when the baby is sleeping or resting and you might not feel any movements. However, the bigger the baby gets, the lesser the space it has to move and the more you should feel its movements. Once you have determined a pattern and understood their sleep cycle, you would be able to predict their movements and rest time. How often should I feel the baby kick? Before week 28, there is no need as such to record baby movement. At times, up to three days may pass between movements. Once you cross the 28th-week mark, you need to keep a watch on fetal movements. Your doctor would give you a rough estimate of how much movement you should feel. A healthy baby kicks around a lot. Apart from their sleep time, if you notice the baby’s activity levels reducing or weakened movements, talk to your doctor. Pregnancy is a beautiful time for any mother-to-be, therefore, sit back, relax and enjoy yours to the fullest. Featured Image Source
Lack of fetal movement in third trimester: Why not to worry
Feeling your baby move is one of the highlights of pregnancy, and this movement changes throughout your nine months. The first signs of movement during your second trimester feel like flutters. By the third trimester, you are feeling kicks and punches, some of which you can even see from the outside. Although movement can slow down as the pregnancy ends, a lack of fetal movement can also signal a problem. Movement can slow down as you get closer to your due date for one simple reason: the baby is running out of room to move. While he used to be flipping and rolling in your womb, he simply does not have the space to do that anymore. Ideally, your baby has moved himself to the head-down position and will stay there in preparation for delivery. Less movement, then, can be a natural progression of the pregnancy. Many doctors encourage their patients to do kick counts every day to keep track of the baby's movement. You can perform kick counts throughout the pregnancy, all the way through your last trimester. Kick counting will inform you of any lack of movement right away. The general rule for kick counts is feeling 10 movements--kicks, jabs, rolls--within a two-hour period. If you feel anything less than that, call your doctor. If you're busy and moving around yourself, you might not notice the baby moving--but that doesn't mean he isn't. Set aside time every day during your last trimester to focus on your baby's movement. Lie on your left side and feel for kicks. Drinking a glass of cold drink or juice with some sugar in it can encourage movement and wake up your sleeping baby.