Baby's Development In Womb

The progressive growth that occurs between fertilization of an egg to the birth of a baby.

Ask anything about baby's development in womb

When do babies develop sex?

The process through which gender is determined is called human sexual differentiation. You won’t find out about your baby’s gender until your pregnancy is a few months along, but it has already been set in stone from the moment of conception. The baby’s genes determine sex. All eggs contain an X chromosome, while sperm can have an X or a Y chromosome. If the egg is fertilized by a sperm cell carrying an X chromosome, the resulting XX embryo will be a girl. On the contrary, if the sperm cell has a Y chromosome, the embryo will have male XY chromosomes. At first, all embryos look the same regardless of sex. In fact, if it wasn’t for the effects of testosterone, all babies would develop female traits. Until week 7 of your pregnancy, your baby will have a structure called a “genital ridge”. Then, over the next 5 weeks, your baby starts producing hormones that stimulate the development of its sexual organs. All the sexual organs come from the genital ridge. The ovaries and labia are equivalent to the testicles it means they are formed from the same cells, just like the clitoris and the penis. So once those hormones kick in, the genital ridge begins differentiating into these structures. In boys, the genital ridge starts to lengthen into a penis by week 9. Tiny buds will form the prostate around week 10, and the urinary system is formed by week 14. Testicles descend into the scrotum around week 26, and the penis keeps growing during the third trimester. In girls, ovaries develop between weeks 11 and 12, and they fill up with 7 million of primitive eggs. These eggs will reduce in quantity up until birth, and your baby girl will be born with approximately 2 million eggs in her ovaries. Two structures called the paramesonephric ducts fuse to form the uterus and vagina during the third month of pregnancy. The vagina will open up around week 22. content source

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Eating well in your third trimester: 37-40 weeks

Some women do not prefer eating at all at this stage but there are women who face the first stage for very long period; so, they need snacks and drinks from time to time. Here are few tips that can help you through. Eating Healthy With Your Baby In The First Two Weeks Once the baby is born, it’s not over yet. You still need to continue to have healthy food to recover and to breastfeed your baby. However you cannot cook alone; so, take help of your relatives or cook and keep it in your fridge. You can use it for a week and eat in batches. If you don’t have enough support or you are living just with your husband then you may want to hire a cook and a maid. Let them look after the kitchen till you recover and are able to do the household works. Some also prefer to order food from reputed restaurants. So, think about it and choose an option appropriate for you. Breakfast As always keep your breakfast simple yet healthy. Prefer a bowl of milk with cereal like cornflakes or sandwiches with lots of veggies. Salads are also good to start but make sure to have a glass of milk for energy. Keeping your breakfast simple will help you a lot by saving time and energy. Lunch Soups can be a good idea to go for. Beetroot is rich in folate, magnesium, potassium. Avoid adding cream or yogurt while preparing beetroot juice and freeze it so that you have it in batches. You need beetroot, carrot, celery, potato, onion, olive oil, vegetable stock, bay leaves, etc. to prepare this. Once you peel the beetroot grate it or process it and cut carrot into small pieces. Add celery and potato pieces and blitz it. Heat some olive oil in a saucepan and stir in some chopped onion. Once it turn light brown add vegetables, stock and bay leaves. Boil and cover the lid. Let it boil over low flame for 25 minutes and then blend it to smooth liquid using food processor. If you add cream or yogurt then do not store it. Snack Try having fruity flapjacks in the evening as oats present in it is rich in fibre. It can be stored in the freezer for few days. You will need sunflower margarine, demerara sugar, golden syrup, porridge oats and chopped dates. Preheat the oven to 200 degrees C and heat margarine and sugar till they melt completely. Stir in the golden syrup, oats, dates and mix the ingredients well. Take a greased baking tin and press into it and bake for 12 to 15 minutes until it turns golden brown. Remove and keep it aside to cool down. Cut the flapjacks and leave it to cool down. You can also have fresh fruit juice, smoothies like mango smoothie, tomato apple juice, baked banana chips, etc. Dinner Have you ever tried ragu sauce before? On freezing it, ragu sauce will can be stay for a couple of days. Have it with pasta, lasagne sheets and cheese sausage. You need lean minced beef, finely chopped onion, crushed garlic clove, smoked bacon pieces, chopped tomatoes, sundried tomatoes, red wine and oregano. Take the beef in a non-stick pan and heat it; keep stirring while breaking up this mixture. Add chopped onion, bacon, garlic and heat it to fry. Keep stirring and cooking till onions turn soft. Chop the sundried tomatoes and add them to the pan along with chopped canned tomatoes, herbs and some wine. Let this boil for some time and then reduce the flame. Cover the lid and leave it for 35 to 40 minutes and then stir well. Alcohol in the wine you added will cook off slowly. Take it out and let it cool down before you have it. This was easy to prepare this; similarly, you can try many simple yet healthy recipes to get nutrients from the food.   Feature Image Source  

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Amazing benefits of Garbha Sanskar practice during pregnancy

Garbha Sanskar is an ancient Indian prenatal and pregnancy parenting science. Garbha Sanskar is based on the basic theory that the mental and behavioral development of a child begins right from the moment an embryo is conceived.  What You Can Do At Home to Ensure a Healthy Pregnancy and Baby Do a pre-pregnancy detox for both the prospective mother and father. You can do a juice cleanse or even go for a proper Ayurvedic detox if you have time. Do not attempt any detox even if you doubt that you are pregnant, instead follow a good wholesome diet during pregnancy. Adopt healthier eating and sleeping habits, even when you are attempting to get pregnant. Reduce intake of cigarettes, alcohol, soft drinks, and other junk foods, a few months before you attempt conception. And this is valid not only for the mother – for the father as well. Once you’re pregnant, enhance parent and child bonding. Spend time reading, talking or singing to the unborn baby together as a couple. Listen to Indian instrumental or classical music, Samaveda Mantras, and Garbh Sanskar Sangeet whenever you can. Try to pray at least once in the day and chant some mantras. Try to be happy and positive at all times, away from sad thoughts.  Read good spiritual books look at beautiful works of art and try to have only positive and constructive thoughts.  Benefits Of Garbha Sanskar Positive thinking, listening to soulful music and staying happy and relaxed definitely helps the baby to develop a positive personality. Scientific evidence further proves this theory. Babies who were exposed to soothing music while still in the womb have a better listening ability Listening to soulful music, reading a good book and positive thinking helps the unborn baby to become more content, confident and composed It is said that from the 7th month onwards, the fetus can listen to the sound. The first sound that the fetus can hear is its mother’s heartbeat. So it is extremely important to keep the mother surrounded by calm and soothing sounds Improving auditory senses – Although at this stage, babies do not understand music at all and perceive music as rhythmic sound waves, however, they try to concentrate on it. This, in turn, helps in stimulation of the baby’s cognitive skills and auditory senses Improves reflexes – when you listen to the music, your unborn baby also receives the rhythmic vibrations and tries to sync to it. This improves the reflexes and the overall movement of the unborn baby Overall personality development – it is believed that listening to music during pregnancy can impact the overall personality development of the unborn baby. For example, soothing music can make a baby calm and quiet while loud and jarring music can make the baby aggressive in behavior. However, these are just common beliefs and no studies have been conducted yet to back up this theory Lullaby – Many researchers are of the opinion that music listened to during pregnancy helps in the later stage too. A mom who has listened to certain soothing songs during pregnancy can make their newborns listen to it to help them calm down. Babies can recognize the same tune which has helped them in the past to relax Reducing stress level – Many women experience pregnancy stress level which can lead to mood swings and other complications. In such cases, soothing music helps to calm down and reduce pregnancy-related stress level to a great extent   Feature Image Source  

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Can Your Emotions Influence Your Unborn Baby?

How does Garbha sanskar work? To help a mother remain in the best possible frame of mind in the interest of her growing baby, Garbha sanskar suggests a set of practices and ways of life.  This includes reading or seeing things that make you happy, communicating with your baby, performing spiritual activities like pujas, meditating and eating healthily.  You may have seen a pregnant mother caressing or talking to her baby bump and perhaps even found it strange. She may well be practicing Garbha sanskar.  Can my emotions and thoughts really influence my unborn baby? There has been recent scientific interest on the subject, and some evidence suggests that a baby's brain develops up to 60 percent while in the womb.  It is also becoming more and more apparent that an unborn baby is able to respond to outside influences such as sound, light, and movement. Opinions, however, differ on whether you should actively try to stimulate your baby's development or not and how that would work.  Traditionally, staying happy and doing things that keep you peaceful and fulfilled were believed to influence your unborn baby in a positive way. So if, for example, you watch a funny movie while pregnant, and it makes you happy and cheerful, it is believed that some of that positive emotion passes on to your baby. Such positive experiences are believed to help shape your baby's earliest impressions in a constructive manner, hopefully making him a well-balanced and happy person.  Whether or not this is scientifically true, it will definitely be a step towards a happier and fulfilled you. You will have already created a beautiful bond with your unborn baby, as well as a wonderful environment for your baby to be born in.  Content Source Featured Image Source  

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How and when will you start feeling your baby movements?

A lot of women get worried because they feel their baby movements, and suddenly these movements stop – they question this action, and are usually worried if something wrong has happened. This article is going to elaborate on your baby’s movements and when one should and should not be worried Once you start feeling a certain movement in your tummy – a lot of questions arise: was that gas? Or did my baby just move? Is my baby kicking too hard? Or was that a really light kick? These questions laid down here are going to be answered one by one in this article. Get ready to understand your baby’s moves! Most women start to feel their baby move between 18 to 22 weeks. It has also been noticed that women who are thinner end up feeling more prominent kicks, and faster than others. It is obvious that after you feel your child kick once, you want to feel it more and more - you probably won't be feeling it consistently until he or she is bigger and packing a more powerful punch. When it comes to how a kick feels some women describe it as - flutters, butterfly wings flapping, gas bubbles, growling stomach, twitches, light tapping, and like a little fish swimming. However, if as a going to be mother, you feel nothing like that – there is no reason to worry! Before long, those little movements will turn into bigger ones, leaving no doubt in your mind about what's going on inside your belly.  Apart from just how the baby movement feels, a lot of women also question how often should they feel their baby move.  It has been noted that by the end of the second trimester, the kicks should become stronger and more frequent. Babies tend to move around a certain period of the day -they are usually most active between 9 p.m. and 1 a.m., right as you're trying to get to sleep Once your baby has been kicking good enough, doctors suggest that one should monitor their baby's movements. Keeping track of all those little punches, jabs, and kicks to make sure your baby is still developing normally. Apart from this, it is also necessary to keep visiting your doctor about your baby’s movements! To count movements, pick a time when your baby is usually most active. Get into a comfortable position either sitting down in a comfortable chair or lying on your side. There are various opinions laid down as to how one should track a baby's movement – However, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends noting the time it takes for your baby to make 10 movements. You should feel at least 10 movements within a two-hour period. If you don't feel your baby move 10 times by the end of two hours, try again later in the day. Then if you still can't feel 10 movements in two hours, or your baby is much less active than normal, call your health care provider, who can check your baby's heart rate and movements. A lot of women are worried about the idea that what if they don’t feel their baby move at all? This is a very worrisome situation for most mothers! We suggest that if you still haven’t reached 25 weeks, and are not feeling your baby move, then don’t panic. Give it time, and you’ll be able to feel your baby move, apart from just that you’ll also be able to figure out the time your baby is the most active! A lack of movement also may mean that your baby is asleep. You may feel fewer kicks and jabs after the 32nd week as your baby gets bigger and has less room to move around in the uterus. However, it is time to call your doctor if your baby has started moving regularly and still you don’t feel at least 10 movements within a span of two hours. We will also provide you with a guideline defining how baby movements occur depending on the weeks of pregnancy. Do give it a read, it will be very helpful: Week 12: Your baby should start to move, but you probably won't be able to feel anything, because the baby is still so small. Week 16: Some pregnant women will start to feel tiny butterfly-like flutters. The feeling might just be gas, or it might be the baby moving. Week 20: By this point in your baby's development, you may start to really feel your baby's first movements, called "quickening." Week 24: The baby's movements are starting to become more established. You might also begin to feel slight twitches as your baby hiccups. Week 28: Your baby is moving often now. Some of the kicks and jabs may take your breath away. Week 36: Your uterus is getting crowded as the baby grows, and movements should slow down a bit. However, alert your healthcare provider if you notice significant changes in your baby’s usual activity. You should feel consistent movement throughout the day. We hope that this article has provided all going to be mothers and fathers ample information on baby movements, how to monitor the baby movements, and when one should visit their doctor! Thank you for taking out your precious time and reading this article! Content Source Featured Image Source

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How Electronic Fetal Heart Monitoring Test Is Done?

If you’re pregnant your doctor wants to make sure your baby is healthy and growing as he should. One of the ways she does that is to check the rate and rhythm of your baby’s heartbeat. Fetal heart monitoring is part of every pregnancy checkup. It’s combined with other tests for a closer look if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or other conditions that could cause problems for you and your baby. Fetal heart rates also can help count your contractions and tell if you’re going into labor too early. How the Test Is Done Your doctor can monitor the baby’s heartbeat one of two ways. She can listen for and record the beats from your belly. Or once your water has broken and you’re in labor, she can thread a thin wire through your cervix and attach it to your baby’s head. From the outside: If your pregnancy is going normally, your doctor likely will check your baby’s heart rate with a hand-held device called a Doppler ultrasound. If you need it, your doctor might do a special test called a nonstress test, usually starting around 32 weeks of your pregnancy. It counts the number of times the baby’s heart speeds up during a 20-minute period. For the test, you'll lie down with a sensor belt around your belly. A machine will record the number of times the baby’s heart speeds up in a 20-minute stretch. If it’s fewer than 2, your doctor will run a longer test and try to wake the baby or make him stir with noise over your belly. Your doctor also may put you on a fetal heart rate monitor during your delivery. It can tell your doctor if the contractions are stressing your baby. If so, you might have to have your baby as soon as possible. From the inside: Once your water breaks and your cervix opens to prepare for birth, your doctor can run a wire called an electrode through it and into your womb. The wire attaches to your baby’s head and connects to a monitor. This gives a better reading than listening to his heartbeat from the outside. Content Source Featured Image Source

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How foul air may affect fetal heart development

Apart from ensuring healthy food choices, good prenatal care, and regular medicines, there are other factors also that affect the health of a developing fetus. One such environmental factor is exposure to microparticles in air pollution. According to a recent study, published in the journal Cardiovascular Toxicology, exposure to particulate matter in the air may damage the healthy development of the cardiovascular system of a fetus. Researchers have found that exposure to microscopic particulates in early pregnancy or in late pregnancy, significantly impacted the development of the fetal heart. This means that pregnant women, those undergoing fertility treatment, or of child-bearing age should avoid going out in high pollution areas and should also consider monitoring the quality of indoor air. Even a single incident of exposure likely to cause damage The growth and development of the fetus are affected by what the mother eats, drinks and even breathes. Therefore, when she inhales these nano-particulates in the air, it affects her circulatory system, constricting her blood vessels and restricting the blood flow to the uterus. This lack of blood flow leads to a lower supply of oxygen and nutrients to the child, hampering its growth. Further, restricted blood flow may also lead to other pregnancy complications like intrauterine growth restriction. For the purpose of the study, the researchers exposed a group of pregnant rats to nano aerosols of titanium dioxide a single time during all three trimesters and observed its effects. These effects were then compared with the development of milestones in pregnant rats exposed to highly filtered air. The study findings revealed that exposure to these particulates in early pregnancy significantly impacted the development of the main artery and the umbilical vein in the fetus. Further, exposure during the late third trimester affected the growth of the fetus, distressing fetal size. This happened because of decreased nutrients and vitamins reaching the uterus during the third trimester. The researchers also found that the restricted blood flow to the fetus during pregnancy continued to affect the child in adulthood. Non-pregnant animals also affected Exposure to these nano-particles of titanium oxide damaged the function of uterine arteries even in non-pregnant animals. While nanotechnology has led to major advances in the sciences, its impact on humans at different stages of development is yet unknown. It is estimated that by 2025, the annual global production of nanosized particles of titanium dioxide will reach 2.5 million metric tonnes. In addition to being found in the air, these nanoparticles are also used in personal and beauty care products like face powders and sunscreens. Though the impact of air pollution on the general health of the population is well-known, there is relatively little research on how it affects fetal development. More research is being undertaken in this regard, but it would take some time for scientists to understand the complete implications of air pollution on fetal growth and development. Featured Image Source