Confinement Period

Confinement period is a critical time for new mothers to adapt and recuperate their health

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Vaginal hygiene during pregnancy

Increased cervical discharge is among the normal and temporary changes of pregnancy. You may not do anything particular about it. If it is troubling and irritating you, you may try using unscented panty liners. You may also change your undergarments more often.  Try the following tips to maintain vaginal hygiene and manage increased cervical fluid while pregnant:      Keep your vulva (outer genital area) and the perineum (area located between the anus and vagina) clean.     Use water and mild, unscented soap or an emollient while washing the genitals. Wash gently and do not scrub your genitals.      Don’t use vaginal deodorants, perfumed bubble baths or scented wipes on the vaginal area.      Avoid douching the vagina (rinsing the vagina). This irritates the vaginal lining and upsets the natural balance of bacteria. Normal vaginal discharge is quite acidic and the presence of good bacteria keeps the harmful bacteria away. Altering this natural balance may result in inflammation and infection.      Wear cotton undergarments.   Wear loose clothing that allows air to pass through.  Always dry your genital area after bathing or showering, exercising or swimming.      Don’t use tampons during pregnancy as they may introduce germs in your vagina. Avoiding wearing tight jeans and nylon pantyhose, which increase the risk of infection. Eating a healthful diet and avoiding too much sugar, which can encourage yeast infections. Trying probiotic foods and supplements that are safe to consume during pregnancy, which may prevent bacterial imbalances in the vagina. Wearing panty liners to absorb excess discharge. Wiping the genital region from front to back after passing urine or stool. content source

10 Super-Foods for New Moms

Losing those pregnancy pounds might be at the front of your mind. But there’s something that's even more important for your body after your baby arrives: eating foods that give you the energy to be the best mom you can be. Routinely eating healthy foods throughout the day will maximize the little energy you probably have as a new mom. If you’re nursing, the quality of your breast milk stays pretty much the same no matter what you choose to eat. But there's a catch: When you aren't getting the needed nutrients from your diet, your body will provide them from your own stores. So make sure you get all the nutrients you and your baby need. It will benefit both of you. Try to make these healthy foods a regular part of your diet. 1. Salmon There's no such thing as a perfect food. But salmon is pretty close to it when it comes to a nutritional powerhouse for new moms. Salmon, like other fatty fish, is loaded with a type of fat called DHA. DHA is crucial to the development of your baby's nervous system. All breast milk contains DHA, but levels of it are higher in the milk of women who get more DHA from their diets. The DHA in salmon may also help your mood. Studies suggest it may play a role in preventing postpartum depression. One caution: The FDA recommends that breastfeeding women, women who are pregnant, and women who might get pregnant limit how much salmon they eat. The guidelines recommend an average of 12 ounces, or the equivalent of two main servings, per week. The reason is to limit the amount mercury your new child is exposed to. The mercury level in salmon is considered low. Some other fish, such as swordfish or mackerel, have a high amount of mercury and should be avoided altogether. The 12 ounces are an average. Eating more in 1 week -- such as having three servings instead of two -- won't hurt as long as you eat less the following week. 2. Low-Fat Dairy Products Whether you prefer yogurt, milk, or cheese, dairy products are an important part of healthy breastfeeding. Milk delivers a boost of bone-strengthening vitamin D. In addition to providing protein and B vitamins, dairy products are one of the best sources of calcium. If you're breastfeeding, your milk is loaded with calcium to help your baby's bones develop, so it's important for you to eat enough calcium to meet your own needs. Try including at least three cups of dairy each day in your diet. 3. Legumes Iron-rich beans, particularly dark-coloured ones like black beans and kidney beans, are a great breastfeeding food, especially for vegetarians. They’re a budget-friendly source of high quality, non-animal protein. 4. Blueberries Breastfeeding moms should be sure to get two or more servings of fruit or juice each day. Blueberries are an excellent choice to help you meet your needs. These satisfying and yummy berries are filled with good-for-you vitamins and minerals, and they give you a healthy dose of carbohydrates to keep your energy levels high. 5. Brown Rice You might be tempted to cut back on carbs to help lose the baby weight. Don’t. Losing weight too quickly may cause you to make less milk and leave you feeling sluggish. Mix healthy, whole-grain carbs like brown rice into your diet to keep your energy levels up. Foods like brown rice provide your body the calories it needs to make the best-quality milk for your baby. 6. Oranges Portable and nutritious, oranges are a great food to boost energy. Oranges and other citrus fruits are excellent breastfeeding foods, since nursing moms need more vitamin C than pregnant women. Can't find time to sit down for a snack? Sip on some orange juice as you go about your day -- you'll get the vitamin C benefit, and you can opt for calcium-fortified varieties to get even more out of your drink. 7. Eggs Eggs are a versatile way to meet your daily protein needs. Scramble a couple of eggs for breakfast, toss a hard-boiled egg or two on your lunchtime salad, or have an omelette and salad for dinner. Opt for DHA-fortified eggs to boost the level of this essential fatty acid in your milk. 8. Whole-Wheat Bread Folic acid is crucial to your baby's development in the early stages of pregnancy. But its importance doesn't end there. Folic acid is an important nutrient in your breast milk that your baby needs for good health, and it's crucial you eat enough for your own well-being, too. Enriched whole-grain breads and pastas are fortified with it, and also give you a healthy dose of fibre and iron. 9. Leafy Greens Leafy green veggies like spinach, Swiss chard, and broccoli are filled with vitamin A, which is good for you and your baby. The benefits don’t stop there. They're a good non-dairy source of calcium and contain vitamin C and iron. Green veggies are also filled with heart-healthy antioxidants and are low in calories. 10. Whole-Grain Cereal After yet another sleepless night, one of the best foods to boost energy for new moms in the morning is a healthy breakfast of whole-grain cereal. Many cold cereals are fortified with essential vitamins and nutrients to help you meet your daily needs. Whip up a healthy, hot breakfast by stirring blueberries and skim milk into a delicious serving of oatmeal. Content Source

Postnatal care in India

Right postnatal care is very essential in order to ensure that both mother and baby are in good health. Pregnancy is a period when the would-be mother constantly takes care of the diet and follows doctor’s instructions so that to have a healthy baby and smooth delivery. There are anxious moments and many emotional changes that go on during pregnancy and at the time of child birth too. When the newborn arrives the attention gets carried off to the infant and most often the mother finds herself neglected. Regardless of the place where the birth of the child took place, the mother needs special attention for the next two weeks. Here are some tips that would help the mother remain healthy mentally and physically and enjoy motherhood at the same time: Postnatal Checkups: Regular checkups after childbirth is also very important and you should not miss even one of them at any cost. These checkups usually include checking blood pressure, temperature and the doctor will examine your stitches and cuts. Just keep in mind that your body is weak at present and so any kind of pain or discomfort should be immediately reported to the doctor. If it was a cesarean childbirth, you have to be extra careful. Diet and Exercise: Special care should be taken to have a good and nutritious diet. After a specific period of time the doctor would advise you of some light exercise that you should follow. If you want to start something new, it is always better to consult your doctor. Mothers should not keep themselves confined to bed. They should move about according to the instructions of the doctor. Breastfeeding: Breastfeeding should be encouraged. It has manifold benefits and in addition to giving all the nutrients and vital elements to the child, it helps strengthen the bonding between the mother and the child. Proper hygiene should be maintained and the new mother should be taught the hygienic techniques properly. Postnatal Care Tips for Cesarean Mothers: If you have undergone cesarean you should follow the following postnatal care tips. Take care of your stitches any time you move or hold your baby. Whenever you hold your baby or feed him, take extra care of your stitches and see that there is no kind of pressure on it. If there is problem with the stitches, ask for someone’s help in moving around and holding your baby while feeding him. Increase your intake of fluid. There has been loss of blood during childbirth and you need to take care of the diet and fluid intake so that it can be recovered. Most often the mother is asked to take in fluid for the first one or two days or is given intravenous fluid as well. Maintain cleanliness and hygiene and monitor the naval area and your stitches. Watch out and report if there is any kind of infection. Content source Featured image source  

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Top 5 massage oils to help you heal post delivery

Postpartum massage is very important for the health and wellbeing of the mother. Not only does it help the mother’s body to heal faster but also helps the abdominal muscles to get back into shape. A postpartum massage is mostly performed by a JAPA maid and she may do it using any oil of your choice. Here are top 5 oils that can be used for postpartum massage: Mustard Oil: Mustard oil is a warming oil and ‘heat’ is generally considered to speed up the healing process, making it an ideal choice for post-partum massage. It is known to increase blood circulation and decrease joint pain. It isn’t very expensive and can easily be found in most local markets. Sesame Oil: Sesame oil is a cooling oil, because of which some doctors do not recommend it for postpartum massage. However, if you stay at a place where the weather is hot, then you can benefit from the coolness provided by sesame oil. Additionally, sesame oil also helps to reduce BP and stress in the new mother. Coconut Oil: Coconut oil is another cooling oil, very popular especially in South India. Although it is more useful for a head massage; it can also be used for body massages. Known for its healing and moisturizing properties, it is a lightweight oil that gets absorbed in the skin readily and has a pleasant smell. Almond Oil: Almond oil is another light, sweet-smelling oil that is easily absorbed by the skin and has moisturizing properties. Almond oil is slightly more expensive than most of the other oils listed here, it is very effective in reducing stretch marks, skin inflammation, muscular pains and in improving the complexion. Ayurvedic/Herbal Oils: Ayurvedic postnatal massages are more common in Kerala but slowly they are gaining popularity in the rest of the country. Ayurveda follows a holistic approach to postpartum care of the mother and recommends the use of medicated herbal oils which can help strengthen her muscles, joints, and ligaments. Featured Image Source

Postpartum Perineum Care