Colic is an attack of crying and what appears to be abdominal pain in young infancy.
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Colic: Lifestyle and home remedies
Colic is a very common problem in babies but the good news is that it goes away by the time your baby is 4 months old. Until then, try these tips. They may give both of you some relief. Help him swallow less air. Try a special bottle designed to reduce gas or a nipple with a smaller hole. Sit him up while he eats so he swallows less air. Remember to burp him during and after feedings. Bright lights and sounds can overwhelm a colicky baby. Your baby may calm down if you: Lay him on his back in a dark, quiet room. Swaddle him snugly in a blanket. Lay him across your lap and gently rub his back. Try infant massage. Put a warm water bottle on your baby's belly. Have him suck on a pacifier. Soak him in a warm bath. You may have heard that some home remedies can relieve colic. Most aren’t proven and they could hurt your baby. Always talk with your child’s pediatrician before trying something new. These are things you may have heard about. Rice cereal in a bottle. This is a definite no-no. It's a big choking hazard, and it is not proven to work. Herbal remedies such as chamomile, or gripe water. It’s best not to use these. The FDA doesn’t regulate over-the-counter remedies. You can’t be sure what they are made of, and ingredients aren’t always labeled. Some can have things in them that are very bad for your baby, like alcohol or opiates. Babies can also have allergic reactions to them. They’re also not proven to work. Simethicone gas drops. These can be OK to try. But will they work? They may or may not help.
Simple ways to soothe your colicky baby
Colic is a condition that causes pain in your infant's gastrointestinal tract. Fortunately, it rarely lasts beyond your baby's third month, and usually peaks at about four to six weeks of age. Symptoms include apparent abdominal pain, gassiness, a distended belly, irritability, and long, inconsolable bouts of crying, usually starting in the early evening and lasting for hours. No one is really sure of the cause, but many physicians cite the baby's diet -- either something the nursing mother is eating, or a sensitivity to formula. To soothe your child during bouts of colic, you may follow the tips given below: •Rock and roll him: Rock your baby in your arms. Take him for a ride in the car, or for a walk in his stroller. The steady rhythm of any kind of movement is soothing. •Make good vibrations: Place your child, securely strapped in his car seat, on top of a running clothes dryer, being sure to hold the seat to prevent it from vibrating off the machine. •Swaddle him: Some babies respond well to being wrapped tightly, especially while being rocked. •Give him a massage: Lay him tummy-down across your legs and gently rub his back to help release pent-up gas. •Reduce outside stimulation: Lower the lights, reduce the noise around the house, and speak or sing softly to your baby. •Provide warmth: Place a warm (not hot) washcloth on his tummy or give him a warm bath. •Pedal his legs: With your baby on his back, gently move his legs in a pedaling motion to help him release gas. •Adjust his diet: If you're nursing and if none of the above seems to help, try changing your own diet by eliminating dairy products, caffeine, onions, cabbage, broccoli, garlic, and spicy foods. If your baby is formula-fed, ask the pediatrician about switching to a soy-based, predigested, or other hypoallergenic formula. Formula-fed babies need iron, sow low-iron formulas are rarely recommended. •Calm yourself: If all else fails, put the baby down, make yourself a cup of tea and calm yourself down. Don't let him pick up on your own anxiety. Then snuggle your baby and realise that you're the best person to comfort him and if you can't do it, nobody can. Content source Featured image source
How to Burp Your Baby: Basics, Tips and Positions
Does your baby fuss and get cranky during or after feedings? It’s likely because she's swallowed a bit of air with that milk, making her feel uncomfortably full. Try these burping tips and positions to bring up the air and make space for baby’s full meal. Why do I need to burp my baby? It’s important to burp baby at each feeding. When your baby drinks, she can't help but swallow a little air along with her breast milk or formula. But having those air bubbles trapped in her tummy can make her feel uncomfortable and full before she's really finished eating. That’s why burping baby to bring up any excess air that’s accumulated is such an important part of the feeding process. Tips on burping baby A couple of tips to help you burp your baby successfully: 1. Protect your clothes by always keeping a burp cloth or bib between your outfit and baby’s mouth. 2. Keep a cloth, diaper or bib handy in case baby spits up. 3. A gentle pat or rub may get the burp up for most babies, but some need a slightly firmer hand. 4. Focus on the left side of baby’s back, which is where your little one's stomach is located. 5. Fussing in the middle of a feeding may be due to discomfort from swallowed air, and continued fussing causes her to swallow more air leading to more crankiness and possibly spitting up. Instead, try burping baby right away to see if it’s an air bubble in her tummy that’s causing her to protest. What are the best positions for burping baby? There are three basic ways to burp a baby: on your shoulder, face-down on your lap or sitting up. It’s a good idea to try all three to see which gets the job done best for your little one. 1. On your shoulder: Hold your baby firmly against your shoulder. Support her bottom with one hand, and pat or rub her back with the other. 2. Face-down on your lap: Place your baby tummy-down across your lap (her stomach will be on one of your legs, her head on the other, turned sideways). With one hand securely holding baby, pat or rub her back with the other. 3. Sitting up: Hold your baby in a seated position on your lap, leaning slightly forward. Support baby’s head and chest with one arm while you pat or rub with the other. 4. Walking: Once your baby has good head control, you can try holding her upright in front of you, facing out, while you stand and walk. Put one hand under her bottom and the other arm across her tummy to apply light pressure. The motion may help give an additional release of any trapped air bubbles. How often should I burp my baby? How often you burp baby depends on how you’re feeding her: When bottle-feeding, burp baby at least once, about halfway through feeding, or more often if she seems fussy or is taking a long time. When breastfeeding, burp when you switch from one breast to the other to make room for more milk (keep in mind that a baby who’s swallowed air may stop eating and refuse to switch breasts simply because she feels uncomfortably full). Is your new born managing only one breast at a time? Burp mid-feed on the same breast. Content Source