BabyPoop

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Baby Poop

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Everything you need to know about baby poop, pee and spit-up

Being a new parent, it is extremely difficult to predict how often your baby is going to poop, pee or spit up. In this article, we will talk about all these aspects in detail. Everything you need to know about baby poop Babies poop a lot, but some more than others. Many babies who are breastfed will often poop during or right after every feed (about 6 to 10 times per day) while formula-fed babies may only release every few days. Sometimes babies poop at different intervals too. As long as he is active, don’t worry. If you notice that he/she seems uncomfortable, go ahead and call your doctor. A guide to baby’s poop, pee and spit up here, explains different types of poop your baby excretes. Meconium: This newborn poop is generally greenish-black and sticky, resembling tar. It is made of amniotic fluid, skin cells, mucus and other things. It usually only appears a couple of times, within the first few days of your baby’s arrival. Transitional newborn poop: At 2 to 4 days of age, your baby’s poop will begin to lighten and turn greenish in colour. It will be less sticky. This is a good sign that your baby is getting enough milk through his system. Breastfed baby poop: Breastfed poop is usually yellow or light green. It’s usually mushy or creamy but can resemble diarrhoea. If your baby’s poop looks bright green or frothy she may not be getting enough hind-milk. Do ask your nursing consultant for solutions. Formula-fed baby poop: Formula-fed babies have peanut butter poop. They are usually darker brown and often stink more.    Solid food poop: As you transition to solid foods, your baby’s poop will yet again change. The colour tends to darken and becomes thicker than peanut butter, but it should still be soft. It stinks. Questionable poop: Occasionally, babies will eat something that changes the colour of their poop. Sometimes, you will find the bloody red poop that is worrisome but later on, you will find out that it is the beetroot that makes the poop red. Diarrhoea and constipation: If your baby has runny stools that appear to be made up of more water than anything else, he probably has diarrhoea. Alternatively, if your baby’s poop is hard and is pebbly, he is possibly constipated. If this happens for one or two days, it generally doesn't call for concern; however, if it continues, you should talk to your doctor.   Everything you need to know about baby pee Babies pee a lot more than they poop. After about 2 to 5 days after birth, he should be wetting about 8 to 10 diapers per day. As usual, there are exceptions. If your child doesn’t wet 4-5 diapers in a day, call your doctor. Everything you need to know about spit ups Some babies spit up as often as 12 times per day! Some babies spit a little while others produce an eruption. You may begin to wonder if your baby is getting enough nutrition and how that could possibly happen if it seems like everything is coming up. Rest assured that as long as your baby is having enough wet diapers and bowel movements, then he is getting enough food. Much of what comes up is actually stomach bile mixed with food. If spit ups seem to be a never-ending problem, try keeping feedings smaller and offering food more often. You can also hold your baby upright after the feed to help with digestion. Be sure to burp him regularly in order to avoid extra spit up sessions. Although spit up is a normal thing that many babies do, if your baby seems to be irritable or uncomfortable, he may have a reflux issue or milk allergy. Set up an appointment with your pediatrician if you suspect this or anything else that could possibly be wrong with your baby. Content source Featured image source

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Disadvantages of Baby Potty Training

8 Tips To Potty Train Your Child

Advantages of Baby Potty Training

5 Ways To Make Potty Training Fun

When to begin toilet training your child

There is no right age to toilet train a child. Readiness to begin toilet training depends on the individual child. In general, starting before age 2 (24 months) is not recommended. The readiness skills and physical development your child needs occur between age 18 months and 2.5 years. Your child will show cues that he or she is developmentally ready. Signs of readiness include the following: Your child can imitate your behavior. Your child begins to put things where they belong. Your child can demonstrate independence by saying “no.” Your child can express interest in toilet training (eg, following you to the bathroom). Your child can walk and is ready to sit down. Your child can indicate first when he is “going” (urinating or defecating) and then when he needs to “go.” Your child is able to pull clothes up and down (on and off). Each child has his or her own style of behavior, which is called temperament. In planning your approach to toilet training, it is important to consider your child's temperament. Consider your child's moods and the time of day your child is most approachable. Plan your approach based on when your child is most cooperative. If your child is generally shy and withdrawn, he or she may need additional support and encouragement. Work with your child's attention span. Plan for distractions that will keep him or her comfortable on the potty chair. For example, reading a story to your child may help keep him or her interested. Consider your child's frustration level, and be ready to encourage and reassure him or her at each step. Before you begin toilet training, have your child examined by his or her health care provider. During your child's check-up, talk with the health care provider about the child's developmental readiness and temperament. Your health care provider can help you determine whether your child is ready to begin toilet training and help you plan your approach. Timing is important. Toilet training should not be started when the child is feeling ill or when the child is experiencing any major life changes such as moving, new siblings, new school, or new child-care situation. If your child is feeling too pressured to toilet train or if the process is too stressful, he or she may begin to withhold urine or stool. Withholding can be the result of too much pressure or can be caused by constipation (hard and painful stools). Try not to feel pressured to toilet train your child. If you are feeling pressured to train your child because of caregiver considerations or family members' views, your anxiety about toilet training can create anxiety in your child. GETTING STARTED What to Know Toilet training includes discussing, undressing, going, wiping, dressing, flushing, and hand-washing. Remember to reinforce your child's success at each step. There are many steps to the toilet training process. The more ready the child is when you begin, the more quickly the toilet training process will go. Initial success relies on your child understanding the use of the toilet, not mastering the process. Check your child's stools. It is very important that they are soft. Hard stools can be very painful and are difficult to pass. If your child's stools are hard, add fiber to your child's diet and consult your health care provider for a recommended stool-softener. When the stool is softer, reassure your child that now it won't hurt. A high-fiber diet and reduced quantity of dairy products can help soften the stool and develop and maintain regular bowel movements. Because children can resist being forced to eat nutritious foods, and because they learn best by example, eating a high-fiber balanced diet yourself will encourage your child to eat well. What To Do Get a potty chair. Many children feel more secure on a potty chair than on a toilet because when they sit, their feet are securely on the floor and they are not afraid of falling off or in. Allow your child to become familiar with the potty chair. Let your child observe, touch, and get comfortable with the potty chair before attempting to use it. Also, introduce the potty chair to your child as his or her own chair. Place the potty chair in a convenient place for your child. The potty chair does not have to be limited to the bathroom. Keep it in the playroom, in the yard, or wherever your child is playing, so your child can get to it when he or she wants. If your child is afraid of the potty chair, don't pressure him or her to use it. Put toilet training aside for 1 or 2 months, and give your child time to get used to the idea of the potty chair and to be comfortable with it. Let your child first sit on the potty chair fully clothed once a day as a routine. Also, let your child leave the potty chair at any time, and never force your child to spend time sitting on it. After your child is comfortable sitting on the potty chair with clothes on, let him or her sit there without clothes. Take the stool from your child's diaper and put it into his or her potty chair so that your child can see where it should go. HELPFUL TIPS AND SUGGESTIONS Setbacks Setbacks are to be expected, not to be seen as a failure or regression, but as a temporary step back. Setbacks are normal and may occur when your child feels too much pressure. Setbacks can be frustrating, but your child needs encouragement and reassurance from you. Try to remember that this is your child's task, not your own. Coordinating Plans Make sure to coordinate your toilet training plans with others who may be with your child during the day (caregivers, grandparents, day care staff members). It is important that they know how you want your child to be trained so that the child receives the same message during the day when you are not present as during evenings and weekends when you are. Parental Encouragement Make this experience as positive, natural, and nonthreatening as possible so that your child feels confident that he or she is doing it on his or her own. Often, what seems like laziness in your child is resistance to pressure or immaturity. Your child is likely to want to be trained as much as you want him or her to be trained. Encourage imitation. When you sit on the toilet, allow your child to sit on the potty chair beside you. Boys should learn to urinate sitting first, because if they stand first, they may not want to sit to have a bowel movement. Start a routine with regular reminders beginning with one time a day—after breakfast or maybe at bath time when your child is already undressed. Watch for behavior, grimaces, or poses that may signal the need for a bowel movement, and ask your child if he or she needs to go. Praise your child whenever he or she tells you that he/she needs to go and when your child tells you without being reminded. Let your child flush if he or she wants to. Because some children do not like the sound of the toilet or are afraid of the toilet, be sure to determine whether your child is scared. Also, try to reassure your child if he or she becomes upset about the disappearance of the stool down the toilet. Clothing/Diapers Keep your child in loose, easy-to-remove clothing. Help your child master the dressing and undressing needed to sit on the potty chair. Once the child is comfortably sitting on the potty chair with clothes on, then try it with clothes off. When your child is using the potty chair successfully several times a day, he or she may be ready for underwear for part of the day. Because diapers can be very reassuring, do not rush your child out of diapers. Your child's skin is just as likely to get a rash from wetness or exposure to a stool as it did during infancy. Therefore, keeping your child dry and clean is as important during training as it was when he or she was an infant. Change your child regularly, and do not leave him or her in soiled clothing as a training method. Disposable or nondisposable training pants may be used as part of the transition from diaper to underwear, but they are not recommended as an initial step. They may be helpful when your child is ready to take over the training process. Specific Training Issues Accidents are common and should be expected in the training process. Boys generally take longer to be trained than do girls. If you feel you need help in the training process, contact your pediatrician or health care professional to discuss any issues you may have. Night-time Training Nighttime or naptime dryness may occur at the same time as daytime dryness, although it may not occur until a year or so later. Aside from taking your child to the toilet before going to sleep, here are some other tips to help the child stay dry through the night: Ask your child to withhold urine a little during the day to gain better control. With your child's permission, wake him or her during the night to use the bathroom. A nighttime potty chair kept by the bed can make it more convenient for your child when he or she wakes during the night. If your child is still consistently wetting the bed 1 year after age 7 years, consult your pediatrician or health care professional. content source

Do's and don't when Potty Training your newborn

  It can be helpful to think of potty training as a process in which both you and your child have your own “jobs” to do. It is the parent’s responsibility to create a supportive learning environment. This means that you: Recognize that your child is in control of his or her body Let your child decide whether to use the potty or a diaper/pull-up each day Teach your child words for body parts, urine, and bowel movements Offer your child the tools she needs to be successful at toileting (such as a small potty, potty seat, stool, etc.) Expect and handle potty accidents without anger Avoid punishment as well as too much praise around toilet use. (This can make children feel bad when they aren’t successful.) It is your child’s responsibility to: Decide whether to use the toilet or a diaper/pull-up Learn his body’s signals for when he needs to use the toilet Use the toilet at his own speed Finding a toilet training method that works for your family is the key. No matter how you do it, remember this is a learning process that takes time, with many accidents along the way. Being patient is the best way you can support your child as she learns. Keep in mind that children with special needs may take longer to learn to use the potty. They may also need special equipment, and a lot of help and support from you. If you need assistance with your child’s toilet training, talk with your child’s health care provider or community service coordinator. What to Avoid When Potty Training My Toddler Toddlers are all about trying to gain some control over their world. They are using their growing physical, thinking, and language skills to gain some power over themselves, their bodies, and their surroundings. This natural and healthy desire for control can lead to power struggles, as children quickly figure out that one way to feel in charge is by refusing to do something they know their parent wants them to do. And, for better or worse, learning to use the potty is way up there on most parents’ list of what they really, really, really want their children to do—and children quickly pick up on that. (Just picture mom and dad clapping and jumping up and down when they see their child’s first bowel movement in the potty.) Toilet training is particularly ripe for power struggles because it is so tied up with toddlers wanting to have control over their own bodies. So it’s important to approach toilet training matter-of-factly and without a lot of emotion. Think of it as just another skill you are helping your child learn. If you show anger or disappointment when it’s not going well, or overwhelming joy when it is, it lets your child know this is something you want him to do badly. Refusing to do it becomes a very powerful way for your child to feel in control. The more emotional you are, the more it shows your child how much it matters to you that he use the potty. It is also very important not to force your child to use the potty because it can cause intense power struggles. These power struggles sometimes lead to children trying to regain control over their bodies by withholding urine or bowel movements. This can create physical problems, like constipation. So if you are starting to see power struggles developing over potty training, it might help to take the pressure off. Stop talking about potty training or doing anything about it for a little while, until your child shows signs of readiness and interest again. To Use Rewards for Potty Training or Not Many parents wonder about offering rewards for using the potty—a sticker, an extra sweet, or a little toy every time their child is successful on the toilet. Although these kinds of rewards may encourage progress in the short run, the concern is that for some children, the pressure of “success” in the form of the reward creates anxiety or feelings of failure when they have a (very normal and even expected) potty accident. The other risk is that the use of rewards for toileting can lead children to expect rewards for doing almost anything—finishing a meal, brushing teeth, etc. When parents are matter-of-fact about potty training and don’t make a big deal about it, children are more likely to follow their own internal desire to reach this important milestone. When Preschoolers Are Still Not Interested in Potty Training Reach out to your child’s health care provider with your questions or concerns about potty training. Occasionally, children have physical issues that make potty training more difficult, so a check-up is always a good idea. You may also want to sit down with a child development specialist who can help you figure out what the challenges around potty training might be for your individual child and can help you identify toilet learning strategies that might be more successful. content source

Signs That Children Are Ready for Potty Training

Most children develop control over their bowel and bladder by 18 months. This skill is necessary for children to physically be able to use the toilet. How ready a child is emotionally to begin learning to use the potty depends on the individual child. Some children are ready at 18 months, and others are ready at 3. While every child is different, about 22% of children are out of diapers by 2½, and 88% of children are out of diapers by 3½. Your child is ready to learn to use the toilet when he or she: Stays dry for at least 2 hours at a time, or after naps Recognizes that she is urinating or having a bowel movement. For example, your child might go into another room or under the table when she has a bowel movement. This is important—if you child does not realize she is having a bowel movement, she won’t be successful at potty training. Is developing physical skills that are critical to potty training—the ability to walk, to pull pants up and down, and to get onto/off the potty (with some help). Copies a parent’s toileting behavior. Can follow simple instructions. Most important, your child wants to use the potty. He may tell you that he wants to wear “big boy” underpants or learn to go potty “like Daddy does.” He may feel uncomfortable in a soiled diaper and ask to be changed or ask to use the toilet himself. When Not to Start Potty Training There are some issues that can sometimes get in the way of successful potty training. For example, when children are going through a significant change or several changes at once (see list below) it might be smart to hold off on adventures in potty training. At these times, children often feel overwhelmed and sometimes lose skills they have already learned or were making progress on, like potty training. Common situations that can cause stress and are generally not good times to start training include: An upcoming or recent family move Beginning new or changing existing child care arrangements Switching from crib to bed When you are expecting or have recently had a new baby. A major illness, a recent death, or some other family crisis If your child is in the middle of potty training during a stressful time and seems to be having more accidents than usual, know that this is normal. Your child needs all of your patience and support right now. She will return to her previous level of potty training once things have gotten back to normal. content source

Possible Causes of an Upset Baby

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How to Change a Baby's Diaper?

If you've never changed a baby's diaper before, the task may seem overwhelming. Rest assured, once you've done it a few times, it will become second nature. And if you are a new parent, your baby will give you plenty of practice. Infants typically go through at least six to 10 diapers a day, adding up to more than 3,000 diaper changes in the first year. What You Need It's important to make sure you have everything you need (or could need) before you begin. Make sure you have the following: * A safe, clean place to change the baby: Many parents use a changing table or a changing pad on the floor, bed, or couch. If you are using a changing table, it is recommended to use the safety straps and to follow the pad's instructions for anchoring it to the table. While a newborn won't move much, by 4 months old, your baby will know how to roll. Practicing safety from the start will help you be in the habit when your little one is on the move. * Diapers, whether cloth or disposable, in the correct size. * Something to wipe the baby with: Many parents use baby wipes to clean the diaper area, but a newborn's skin is sensitive and pediatricians recommend using warm water and a cloth or cotton balls during the first weeks of life (wipes sold pre-moistened only with water are another option). Traditional baby wipes, especially those containing alcohol, can cause rashes and irritation until children are about 2 months old. * Diaper cream or ointment (if needed) * "Emergency" supplies: In the case of a messy blowout, it's helpful to have a change of clothes for your baby and a bag on hand. Changing a Diaper: Step by Step These instructions are for changing disposable diapers. While some parents choose to use cloth diapers, the basic steps are the same. No matter your baby's age, never leave him or her unattended on an elevated surface—even for a moment. 1. Wash your hands and gather your supplies. Make sure you have everything you need in arm's reach. 2. Lay your baby on his back on the changing surface. 3. Unfasten the diaper tabs. Raise your child's bottom off the diaper by gently grasping his ankles and lifting. If there is a lot of poop present, you can use the upper half of the diaper to gently sweep it toward the lower half of the diaper. 4. Slide the diaper away from the baby and place it nearby, but out of reach of baby. 5. Wipe the baby clean. When wiping a girl, always go from front to back to prevent an infection. Thoroughly cleanse the area so the baby does not get a rash. 6. Place any used disposable cleaning supplies on top of the soiled diaper. 7. Slide a clean diaper under your baby's bottom making sure the tabs are on the side located under your child's bottom. Most diapers today have colorful markings or characters indicating the front of the diaper. 8. Before closing the diaper, apply any ointments or creams your doctor has recommended for rashes. Doing this step after you've placed the new diaper under your baby will help prevent you from having to clean ointments off the changing surface, which can sometimes be difficult. 9. Close the new diaper by pulling the front up over his belly and pulling the tabs open and around to the fastening surface. If you are not using specially cut newborn diapers, be sure to fold the diaper down to avoid irritation of the umbilical stump until it falls off. 10. Roll the used diaper and wrap the tabs all the way around it. Place the diaper in a bag, diaper bin, or garbage can. 11. Wash your and your baby's hands, and clean the changing surface. This step is especially important if your baby is ill, as it helps prevent recontamination. Tips You and your baby will soon get into a groove, but these tips may be helpful as you find your way: * Follow your doctor's instructions when caring for a healing circumcision and umbilical stump. * Take care not to make the diaper too tight. You want to avoid leaks, but a too-tight diaper can cause pressure on your baby's stomach making him more likely to spit up. This is especially true after feedings. * If your baby has a rash that doesn't clear up after a few days, or if he seems to be in a lot of pain and has skin that is red and raw in appearance, contact your pediatrician immediately. * It can be helpful to always keep one hand on your baby when looking away or reaching for a clean diaper. * Never change or leave a dirty diaper where food is prepared or eaten. Content Source