Scans & Tests 822 posts

Regular urine tests during pregnancy may be as important as all the other scans.

Written by Dr. Himanshu Chaudhary (Gynaecologist)195 Views

Urine tests help your doctor find early warning signals that can help her diagnose certain serious conditions. These conditions may cause problems during your pregnancy for both you and your baby. That’s why your doctor will ask you to get a urine test and take the report to every antenatal appointment.

How to get a urine test done?

You will have to give your urine sample to the lab which will conduct the test. You need to use a sterile container to collect your urine. You can get it from the lab or at any chemist shop. It’s also better to pee for a few seconds before you collect the sample.

The lab conducts the test and generally gives you the report within one day. It may take some more time if your doctor has asked for something more than the standard test.

What does a urine test help to diagnose?

A urine test can diagnose a number of disorders based on the levels of protein, nitrite and sugar in your urine. Here are some of the most common disorders that can be diagnosed through a urine test.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

A UTI can be diagnosed when there is an unusually high level of protein in your urine combined with nitrites and white cells. You may need further tests to determine if it is a UTI and which kind. You may then need to have antibiotics to get rid of the infection. UTI may be linked to premature birth so it’s important to diagnose and treat it on time.

Gestational Diabetes (GD)

This is a kind of diabetes that happens only when you’re pregnant. It may lead to certain complications like premature labour and birthing problems. It may lead to Type 2 diabetes and obesity in the child in the future. An early diagnosis of GD is very important. High sugar in urine sometimes alerts the doctor to a possibility of GD. If the doctor suspects you have GD, she will recommend a GTT(Glucose Tolerance Test) to make a definitive diagnosis.


This occurs in the second half of the pregnancy and is related to high blood pressure. It can result in pregnancy complications including poor growth of the baby can result from pre-eclampsia. If diagnosed on time, pre-eclampsia can be managed effectively. This can be done through regular urine tests as well as blood pressure check-ups. This is because symptoms of pre-eclampsia like intense headaches, sudden swelling of your face, hands and feet, and vision problems, such as blurring or flashing don’t usually appear until it’s too late.

Urine tests perform a key role in helping the doctor diagnose certain important disorders. It’s therefore critical to get your tests done in time for your antenatal appointments.


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