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Scans that are needed after second trimester
Knowing the number and types of scans that a pregnant woman needs to undergo during their pregnancy can help them prepare mentally for it. Though the most important scan during your pregnancy is the anomaly scan that is offered at 20 weeks or half-way through your pregnancy, one might have to undergo further scans if they have had complications in their previous or present pregnancy. Usually, a doctor keeps a track of the growing baby by measuring the fundal height, the distance between the front of your pelvis to the top of your womb, your weight, and the baby bump. They would record your blood pressure regularly. They would measure your insulin levels once in the starting and if you are not prone to developing diabetes or gestational diabetes, then once towards the end. However, they might opt for blood and urine samples to keep an eye on blood levels and infections. If they do detect a problem with any of these tests, they might ask you to undergo a scan, but only as a secondary level test to check on something particular. Growth Scan If your doctor feels that the measurement of the baby bump and the fundal height do not match or are not as expected, then they might ask you to take the growth scan. You might also be asked to take a scan, if your doctor feels that there is more amniotic fluid than normal. Other reasons for asking you to opt for a scan could include: Gestational diabetes Hypertension Monitoring position of the baby (especially if breech), placenta, and umbilical cord Checking on twins, triplets or other multiple births Screening the working of the heart and placenta A point to note here is that your doctor would not ask you to take the growth scan if the baby seems bigger, but the rest of the symptoms of the pregnancy are normal. This is because once the third trimester starts, the baby takes on an individualistic shape and size. They no longer conform to general rules and develop as per their genes. Also, as they grow, it becomes more and more difficult to measure them. A growth scan shows how the baby is growing, by measuring their blood flow, checking their movements and measuring them. Baby movements include things like stretching, flexing, moving arms and legs, wiggling toes and fingers, opening and closing hands and moving tongue and lips. Inability to do these indicates a lack of oxygen, increasing the chances of a premature delivery. What a growth scan would not show is the baby weight, source of bleeding, if any, or the correctness of the due date. Though ultrasound scans are absolutely normal, with no side effects for either the mother or the baby, be assured that your doctor would recommend these only when they are medically absolutely essential. Featured Image Source
Facts & Myths
Girl or Boy.. these are some fun ways of guessing who's gonna come out of your tummy!!
Finding it diffcult to wait for the pregnancy tenure to end and discover whether you are carrying a girl or a boy? Yes, most of us want to know as soon as possible whether it is going to be a boy or a girl. Welcome to the wonderful world of old wives’ tales gender prediction where you can take 15 easy and somewhat interesting tests to help you figure out if you’re having a boy or a girl. Whether you’re patiently awaiting the arrival of your little one or you’ve already had bub, come and see just how accurate these gender guessing tests really are. Therefore, here is the time to play ‘Guess the Gender’ with these 15 tests given below: 1. How’s your tummy holding up?- Vomiting, nauseous and spending half your days in the toilet. It’s a girl! Feeling okay? Then it’s a boy. 2. Check your hands- Dry, cracked and peeling like a snake? It’s a boy! Soft and smooth? It’s a girl! 3. What was bub’s heart rate?- When you had your dating scan you probably were allowed to listen to bub’s heart rate. If it was over 140 beats per minute (bpm) then it’s said you’re having a girl. If the bpm were less than 140, then it’s a boy. 5. Grab your breasts- Which one is bigger? If it’s the left, then legend suggests boy. If the right is a little larger, then it’s a girl. 6. Monitor date of conception- This one may actually have some truth to it (but, maybe not). Experts such as Dr. Shettles, suggests that if you had sex and conceived before ovulation, chances are it’s a girl. If you conceived on the day of ovulation or 48 hours after, then it’s a boy! 7. Look to the Mayans- The Mayans also have a gender prediction chart which uses the odd/even system to determine the sex. Check the year of conception (for example, 2016) with mum’s age at conception (32). If both numbers are even or if both are odd, then it’s a girl. If one is even and one odd, then it’s a boy. 8. Check out the belly- Carrying low and out front? Then it’s a boy. Carrying high and all over? Then it’s a girl. 9. Do you have ‘The Glow’?- If so, then it’s a boy. If, instead of a fresh glow, you’re sweaty and covered in acne, then it’s suggested to be a girl. 10. Consider your sleeping situation- If you prefer to toss, turn and end up sleeping on your left side, then legend suggests it’s a boy. If you favour sleeping on your right side, then it’s a girl. 11. Think back to your sexy time position- You probably can’t pinpoint the exact moment you fell pregnant, especially if you were actively trying or simply like to have sex more than once a week. But, if you can remember, Dr. Shettles suggests that doing it doggy style (or a position with deeper penetration) increases the odds of having a boy. If you conceived in missionary position, odds are it’s a girl! 12. Pee in a cup- Add a small amount of bicarb soda to the bottom. If the combination of urine and soda fizzles, then it’s a boy. If it doesn’t, then it’s a girl. 13. Pick up a key- Without thinking, pick up a key. Legend has it that if an expectant mum reaches for the top part of the key, it’s a girl. If mum grabs for the narrow part, it’s a boy. 14. Check which way your ring swings- Take off your wedding (or any other) ring and tie it to a piece of string or hair. Dangle the ring over your stomach while lying on your back and see which way it swings. If the ring swings back and forth (like a pendulum), then it’s a boy. If the ring swings in a circular motion, it’s a girl. Content Source Featured image source
7 tips for baby skin care
Babies are born with very gentle and fragile skin. New parents are often concerned about their baby’s skin, which is not surprising. A baby’s skin is very delicate and need a lot of care. New parents should be extremely careful about their baby’s skin needs, and must use products that are natural and free of any chemical additives that may cause harm to the baby’s skin. Why? Well, here’s your answer- As mentioned earlier, the skin of a baby is very thin and fragile. A new born baby’s skin needs time to get adjusted to the new environment around him/her. A baby’s skin faces a lot of challenges- think diaper rashes, chemical soaps and shampoos etc. Babies are prone to skin allergies in the first few months. Here we have listed some of the best ways to ensure optimum skin health for your precious little one- 1. Bathing: Parents prefer to bathe their child every day. It is better to use shampoo and soaps which do not cause an allergic reaction to the baby. Wash your baby’s skin with lukewarm water and a gentle soap. Only a pea-sized amount of soap and shampoo is enough to clean your baby's body and it isn't necessary to bathe your little one daily. You can give a bath to your baby on alternate days. Not only will it help to maintain the natural oils of the body but also prevent your baby from catching a cold. The room that you use to dry off your baby should be warm and all air conditioners and fans should be switched off to avoid the chill. 2. Powdering: You need to be even more careful while choosing a talcum powder for your baby. Choose products that are designed specifically for babies and avoid using powders that have fragrances and other chemicals as they may irritate the baby’s sensitive skin. Check with your paediatrician before using a powder since most doctors advise parents to abstain from using powders nowadays. 3. Nappies and Diapers: The diapers that are used for babies are actually helpful for keeping the baby clean and fresh. However, certain diapers may also irritate the baby’s skin and may cause rashes or infections. It is best to change the diaper as soon as you find that your baby has ‘used’ it. Diaper rashes often occur due to skin irritation due to wet diaper left on for too long, too-tight diapers or due to the use of a specific soap or wipes. Irrespective of the fact whether the diaper is soiled or not, do change it every 3-4 hours. Change the diaper as soon as it is wet and after using wipes to clean the area, sprinkle some powder to keep the area dry and clean or apply a non-allergenic diaper rash cream. Also, allow some naked time to the private parts of your baby so that they can get some fresh air. 4. Skin Problems: Generally, lots of babies have birthmarks (areas of skin have a slight discoloration) and this condition is not hereditary. Parents need not worry about birthmarks, as they cause absolutely no harm to the baby and needs no treatment. Eczema is a red, itchy rash that may or may not occur in response to a cause. It usually occurs on the baby’s face, elbow, arms or behind knees, chest. If the child’s family has a history of allergies, asthma or atopic dermatitis, the baby may be at a higher risk of getting affected by eczema. Use mild soaps and apply soft amounts of moisturizers. 5. Dry Skin: If your baby has dry skin, use a natural moisturizer to keep the skin hydrated, soft and supple. Pure coconut oil is a favourite. Avoid bathing your baby too often, as it may sap the vital nutrients from the skin, leaving it dull and dry. During your baby’s first month, gently sponge her with plain water two or three times a week; this should keep the baby clean while preventing her skin from losing its natural moisture. 6. Sunlight exposure: Babies should not be exposed to direct sunlight until they are 6 months old. The tender skin of the baby can be protected with long-sleeved tops, pants and hats. 7. Baby clothes: Make sure that your little one’s new outfits are clean; it is preferable to wash (and soften) new outfits before your baby wears them. Content source Featured image source
Common Causes of Infertility
Some common reasons for infertility in women include: Age – Women generally have some decrease in fertility starting in their early 30s. And while many women in their 30s and 40s have no problems getting pregnant, fertility especially declines after age 35. As a woman ages, normal changes that occur in her ovaries and eggs make it harder to become pregnant. Even though menstrual cycles continue to be regular in a woman's 30s and 40s, the eggs that ovulate each month are of poorer quality than those from her 20s. It is harder to get pregnant when the eggs are poorer in quality. As a woman nears menopause, the ovaries may not release an egg each month, which also can make it harder to get pregnant. Also, as a woman and her eggs age, she is more likely to miscarry, as well as have a baby with genetic problems, such as Down syndrome. Health problems – Some women have diseases or conditions that affect their hormone levels, which can cause infertility. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) rarely or never ovulate. Failure to ovulate is the most common cause of infertility in women. With primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), a woman's ovaries stop working normally before she is 40. It is not the same as early menopause. Some women with POI get a period now and then. But getting pregnant is hard for women with POI. A condition called luteal phase defect (LPD) is a failure of the uterine lining to be fully prepared for pregnancy. This can keep a fertilized egg from implanting or result in miscarriage. Common problems with a woman's reproductive organs, like uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease can worsen with age and also affect fertility. These conditions might cause the fallopian tubes to be blocked, so the egg can't travel through the tubes into the uterus. Lifestyle factors – Certain lifestyle factors also can have a negative effect on a woman's fertility. Examples include smoking, alcohol use, weighing much more or much less than an ideal body weight, a lot of strenuous exercise, and having an eating disorder. Stress also can affect fertility. Unlike women, some men remain fertile into their 60s and 70s. But as men age, they might begin to have problems with the shape and movement of their sperm. They also have a slightly higher risk of sperm gene defects. Or they might produce no sperm, or too few sperm. Lifestyle choices also can affect the number and quality of a man's sperm. Alcohol and drugs can temporarily reduce sperm quality. And researchers are looking at whether environmental toxins, such as pesticides and lead, also may be to blame for some cases of infertility. Men also can have health problems that affect their sexual and reproductive function. These can include sexually transmitted infections (STIs), diabetes, surgery on the prostate gland, or a severe testicle injury or problem. Content Source Feature Image Source
Hi GM to all my lmp is 22 may.. hvng constipation and hvng left side pain in my abdomen.. wt it means..We r planning to concv..And for pregnancy my treatment is going on.... And little bit discharge hora..Can u please tel wt I do.. hvng weakness..Neend aari h bhut ..kch kam krne ka Mann ni krra.. kbi kbi ulti wala Mann b krta..wt I do m bit confused