Time period extending from the 13th to the 27th week of gestation
Ask anything about Second Trimester
Scans that are needed after second trimester
Knowing the number and types of scans that a pregnant woman needs to undergo during their pregnancy can help them prepare mentally for it. Though the most important scan during your pregnancy is the anomaly scan that is offered at 20 weeks or half-way through your pregnancy, one might have to undergo further scans if they have had complications in their previous or present pregnancy. Usually, a doctor keeps a track of the growing baby by measuring the fundal height, the distance between the front of your pelvis to the top of your womb, your weight, and the baby bump. They would record your blood pressure regularly. They would measure your insulin levels once in the starting and if you are not prone to developing diabetes or gestational diabetes, then once towards the end. However, they might opt for blood and urine samples to keep an eye on blood levels and infections. If they do detect a problem with any of these tests, they might ask you to undergo a scan, but only as a secondary level test to check on something particular. Growth Scan If your doctor feels that the measurement of the baby bump and the fundal height do not match or are not as expected, then they might ask you to take the growth scan. You might also be asked to take a scan, if your doctor feels that there is more amniotic fluid than normal. Other reasons for asking you to opt for a scan could include: Gestational diabetes Hypertension Monitoring position of the baby (especially if breech), placenta, and umbilical cord Checking on twins, triplets or other multiple births Screening the working of the heart and placenta A point to note here is that your doctor would not ask you to take the growth scan if the baby seems bigger, but the rest of the symptoms of the pregnancy are normal. This is because once the third trimester starts, the baby takes on an individualistic shape and size. They no longer conform to general rules and develop as per their genes. Also, as they grow, it becomes more and more difficult to measure them. A growth scan shows how the baby is growing, by measuring their blood flow, checking their movements and measuring them. Baby movements include things like stretching, flexing, moving arms and legs, wiggling toes and fingers, opening and closing hands and moving tongue and lips. Inability to do these indicates a lack of oxygen, increasing the chances of a premature delivery. What a growth scan would not show is the baby weight, source of bleeding, if any, or the correctness of the due date. Though ultrasound scans are absolutely normal, with no side effects for either the mother or the baby, be assured that your doctor would recommend these only when they are medically absolutely essential. Featured Image Source
What causes headaches in the second trimester?
The second trimester of pregnancy tends to be the time when most pregnant women feel their best. Gone are the days of the first trimester and its morning sickness (hopefully!) And, during the second trimester of pregnancy, you are not as nearly uncomfortable and unwieldy as you tend to be during the third trimester of pregnancy. Still, there are some ailments that can afflict the woman during the second trimester of pregnancy. One of these problems tends to be headaches. Causes of a Headache in Pregnancy One of the most common causes for headaches, both during the second trimester of pregnancy and any other time, is stress. The anxiety that accompanies pregnancy can weigh heavily on the brow of the pregnant woman. By the time she is in her second trimester, her body has already been through quite a bit, but there is still quite a bit to go. In addition, the normal cares of everyday life can add to this stress. Hunger can also cause headaches, as can dehydration. It is important for the pregnant woman to get enough to eat and drink throughout the day. While a pregnant woman is not really eating for two, she does need more calories than she did before she was pregnant. In fact, a pregnant woman needs to have about 300 extra calories per day during pregnancy. In terms of dehydration, it is very important to get enough water. Dehydration is not only dangerous for both you and your baby, but it can cause nausea, or increase the nausea that you already have. One of the causes of headaches during the second trimester of pregnancy that most people don’t think of right away has to do with the pregnant woman’s increased sense of smell. Noxious fumes can cause headaches during the second trimester of pregnancy in particular because many women are more sensitive to smells during pregnancy. So, there are various reasons why one may suffer from headaches during pregnancy – Now you know why!