Growth & Development

Growth is the progressive increase in the size of a child or parts of a child. Development is progressive acquisition of various skills such as head support, speaking, learning, expressing the feelings etc

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Development Milestones for Preschoolers

Your child may be attending school, but they’re learning so much more than number and letters. Social and emotional skills are just as important. Learning to Play With Others Your child should enjoy playing with other kids and may even have a best friend. Try to encourage a variety of play activities from arts and crafts and imaginary play to organized sports and a visit to the park. Playing with other kids helps your child learn how to work with others and compromise when they can’t always have their way. There are some social skills they can only learn by playing with other children. Your child’s executive function skills are continuing to develop. They’re learning to apply working memory to remember their morning routine for school each day and they’re using self-control to stay focused on activities at home and in school. Each of these skills will help them be successful later on during their school years. Play and Social Skills Is interested in, aware of, and able to maintain eye contact with others Enjoys playing in small groups with children of the same age Is able to initiate and play with another child of the same age Turns head in response to name being called Interested in exploring varied environments, such as new playground or friend’s house Is able to play in new social situations Enjoys playing with variety of toys intended for children of the same age Is aware of risky and unsafe environments and behavior Participates in crafts/activities that involve wet textures, such as glue Enjoys rough but safe play with peers, siblings, or parents Enjoys swinging on playground swings Enjoys playing with new toys Is able to locate objects you are pointing to Enjoys sitting to look at or listen to a book Usually does not bring non-food objects to mouth Is able to play with one toy or theme for 15 minute periods of time Coordination Enjoys and seeks out various ways to move and play Has adequate endurance and strength to play with peers Coordinates movements needed to play and explore Usually walks with heel toe pattern and not primarily on toes Can maintain balance to catch ball or when gently bumped by peers Is able to walk and maintain balance over uneven surfaces Walks through new room without bumping into objects or people Only leans on furniture, walls, or people and sits slumped over when tired Is able to throw and attempt to catch ball without losing balance Coordinates both hands to play, such as swinging a bat or opening a container Coordinates hand and finger movement needed to participate in table top games and activities Is able to color and begin to imitate shapes Uses appropriate force when playing with peers or pets or when holding objects Is able to maintain good sitting posture needed to sit in chair Daily Activities Is able to use utensils to pick up pieces of food Has an established sleep schedule Is usually able to self calm to fall asleep Is able to tolerate and wear textures of new and varied articles of clothes Is able to take appropriate bites of food, does not always stuff mouth Is able to tolerate haircuts and nail cutting without crying Is able to adapt to changes in routine Can take bath or shower, although preference may be present Eats a diet rich in various foods, temperatures, and textures Can drink from a cup and straw without dribbling Need for crashing, bumping and moving fast does not interfere with participation in activities and family life Is able to complete everyday tasks that have multiple steps, such as dressing Frequently wakes up rested and ready for a new day Self-Expression Is generally happy when not hungry or tired Has grown accustomed to everyday sounds and is usually not startled by them Has an established and reliable sleeping schedule Is able to enjoy a wide variety of touch, noises, and smells Cries and notices when hurt Is able to calm self down after upsetting event Is able to transition to new environment or activity Is able to pay attention and is not distracted by sounds not noticed by others Is able to cope with an unexpected change Content and Feature Image Source: https://pathways.org/growth-development/child/abilities/